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Manolepis putnami (JAN, 1863)

IUCN Red List - Manolepis putnami - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaColubridae (Dipsadinae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Ridgehead Snake
S: Culebra de Escamas Delgadas 
SynonymDromicus putnami JAN 1863: 67
Tomodon nasutus COPE 1864: 166
Dromicus putnami — GARMAN 1884: 59
Manolepis nasutus — COPE 1885: 176
Manolepis nasutus — SMITH 1942
Manolepis putnami — LINER 1994
Manolepis putnami — LINER 2007
Manolepis putnami — WALLACH et al. 2014: 425
Manolepis putmani — RAMÍREZ-RAMÍREZ et al. 2023 (in error) 
DistributionSE Mexico (Chiapas, Oaxaca, Nayarit)

nasutus: Oaxaca, Colima, Guerrero, Jalisco

Type locality: St Blas Jalisco West Coast, Mexico, 21.55°, -105.24° (NAD27)  
Reproductionoviparous (not imputed, fide Zimin et al. 2022) 
TypesHolotype: MCZ R-824
Holotype: USNM 31478 [Tomodon nasutus] 
CommentColor plate 63 in VILLA et al. 1988.

Type species: Dromicus putnami JAN 1863: 67 is the type species of the genus Manolepis COPE 1885.

Diet: lizards 
EtymologyNamed after Frederic Ward Putnam (1839-1915), an anthropologist and naturalist. He went to Harvard (1856) and studied under Louis Agassiz. 
  • Aguilar-López JL, Luría-Manzano R, Pineda E, Canseco-Márquez L 2021. Selva Zoque, Mexico: an important Mesoamerican tropical region for reptile species diversity and conservation. ZooKeys 1054: 127-153 - get paper here
  • Bello-Sánchez, Edgar Ahmed and Alvar González-Christen. 2016. Manolepis putnami (Thin-scaled Snake) Diet. Herpetological Review 47 (1): 149 - get paper here
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Casas-Andreu, G., F.R. Méndez-De la Cruz and X. Aguilar-Miguel. 2004. Anfibios y Reptiles; pp. 375–390, in A.J.M. García-Mendoza, J. Ordoñez and M. Briones-Salas (ed.). Biodiversidad de Oaxaca. Instituto de Biología, UNAM-Fondo Oaxaqueño para la Conservación de la Naturaleza-World Wildlife Fund, México, D. F.
  • Cobarrubias, Edgar Flores; Daniel Cruz-Sáenz, and David Lazcano 2012. Notes on the Herpetofauna of Western Mexico 6: Amphibians and Reptiles of Hostotipaquillo, Jalisco, Mexico. Bull. Chicago Herp. Soc. 47 (2):21-26 - get paper here
  • Cope, E.D. 1864. Contributions to the herpetology of tropical America. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 16: 166-181. - get paper here
  • Cope, E.D. 1885. Twelfth contribution to the herpetology of tropical America. Proc. Amer. Philos. Soc. 22: 167-194 [1884] - get paper here
  • Garman, Samuel 1884. The reptiles and batrachians of North America. Mem. Mus. comp. Zool, Cambridge (Massachusetts), 8 (3): xxxiv + 185 pp. [1883] [CNAH reprint 10] - get paper here
  • Heimes, P. 2016. Snakes of Mexico. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 572 pp
  • Jan, G. 1863. Elenco Sistematico degli Ofidi descriti e disegnati per l'Iconografia Generale. Milano, A. Lombardi. vii + 143 pp. - get paper here
  • Johnson, J. D. 1978. First record of Manolepis putnami (Serpentes:- Colubridae) from Chiapas, México. Southwestern Naturalist 23: 538. - get paper here
  • Johnson, Jerry D.; Vicente Mata-Silva, Elí García Padilla, and Larry David Wilson 2015. The Herpetofauna of Chiapas, Mexico: composition, distribution, and conservation. Mesoamerican Herpetology 2 (3): 272–329. - get paper here
  • Köhler, G. 2008. Reptiles of Central America. 2nd Ed. Herpeton-Verlag, 400 pp.
  • Lemos-Espinal JA, Smith GR, Pierce LJS, Painter CW 2020. The amphibians and reptiles of Colima, Mexico, with a summary of their conservation status. ZooKeys 927: 99-125 - get paper here
  • Liner, Ernest A. 2007. A CHECKLIST OF THE AMPHIBIANS AND REPTILES OF MEXICO. Louisiana State University Occasional Papers of the Museum of Natural Science 80: 1-60 - get paper here
  • Loc-barragán J.A., D., Lazcano y G.A Woolrich-Piña. 2018. Notes on the Herpetofauna of Nayarit, Mexico 2: Amphibians and Reptiles of the Municipality of Compostela. Bulletin of the Chicago Herpetological Society 53(10): 205-212
  • Loc-Barragán JA, Smith GR, Woolrich-Piña GA, Lemos-Espinal JA 2024. An updated checklist of the amphibians and reptiles of Nayarit, Mexico with conservation status and comparison with adjoining States. Herpetozoa 37: 25-42 - get paper here
  • Mata-Silva, V., A. Rocha, E. García-Padilla, D. L. DeSantis, L. D. Wilson and A. Ramírez-Bautista. 2017. Manolepis putnami (Jan, 1863). Mexico, Oaxaca. Mesoamerican Herpetology 4(2): 473–475 - get paper here
  • Mata-Silva, Vicente, Jerry D. Johnson, Larry David Wilson and Elí García-Padilla. 2015. The herpetofauna of Oaxaca, Mexico: composition, physiographic distribution, and conservation status. Mesoamerican Herpetology 2 (1): 6–62 - get paper here
  • NIETO-TOSCANO, LUIS FRANCISCO. 2021. MANOLEPIS PUTNAMI (Thin-scaled Snake). DIET. Herpetological Review 52 (1): 164. - get paper here
  • O’Shea, M. 2018. The Book of Snakes. Ivy Press / Quarto Publishing, London, - get paper here
  • Palacios-Aguilar, Ricardo & OSCAR FLORES-VILLELA 2018. An updated checklist of the herpetofauna from Guerrero, Mexico. Zootaxa 4422 (1): 1-24 - get paper here
  • Palacios-Resendiz, S & Palacios-Hernández, F; 2019. Geographic Distribution: Manolepis putnami (Thin-scaled Snake) MEXICO: Guerrero: Municipality of Tecpan de Galeana. Herpetological Review 50 (2): 331 - get paper here
  • Sanchez-De La Vega, G., Mata-Silva, V., Buenrostro-Silva, A. & Garcia-Grajales, J. 2012. Manolepis putnami (thinscaled snake) diet. Herpetological Review 43: 346 - get paper here
  • Smith, Hobart M. 1943. Summary of the collections of snakes and crocodilians made in Mexico under the Walter Rathbone Bacon Traveling Scholarship. Proceeding of the U. S. National Museum, 93 (3169): 393-504 - get paper here
  • Villa, J., Wilson, L.D., Johnson, J.D. 1988. Middle American Herpetology - A Bibliographic Checklist. University of Missouri Press, 132 pp [review in Copeia 1989 (3): 802]
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Werler, J. E., & SMITH, H. M. 1952. Notes on a collection of reptiles and amphibians from Mexico, 1951-1952. Texas Journal of Science 14: 551-573. - get paper here
  • Woolrich-Piña, Guillermo A, Paulino Ponce-Campos, Jesús Loc-Barragán, Juan Pablo Ramírez-Silva, Vicente Mata-Silva, Jerry D. Johnson, Elí García-Padilla and Larry David Wilson. 2016. The herpetofauna of Nayarit, Mexico: composition, distribution, and conservation status. Mesoamerican Herpetology 3 (2): 376-448 - get paper here
  • Zimin, A., Zimin, S. V., Shine, R., Avila, L., Bauer, A., Böhm, M., Brown, R., Barki, G., de Oliveira Caetano, G. H., Castro Herrera, F., Chapple, D. G., Chirio, L., Colli, G. R., Doan, T. M., Glaw, F., Grismer, L. L., Itescu, Y., Kraus, F., LeBreton 2022. A global analysis of viviparity in squamates highlights its prevalence in cold climates. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 00, 1–16 - get paper here
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