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Manouria emys (SCHLEGEL & MÜLLER, 1844)

IUCN Red List - Manouria emys - Endangered, EN

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Higher TaxaTestudinidae, Testudinoidea, Testudines (turtles)
SubspeciesManouria emys emys (SCHLEGEL & MÜLLER 1844)
Manouria emys phayrei (BLYTH 1854) 
Common NamesE: Brown Tortoise
G: Braune hinterindische Landschildkröte 
SynonymTestudo emys SCHLEGEL & MÜLLER (in TEMMINCK) 1844
Testudo emydoides DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL 1851 (nom. subst.)
Manouria fusca GRAY 1854
Manouria fusca — GRAY 1855: 68
Teleopus luxatus LE CONTE 1854
Manouria fusca GRAY 1861: 215
Manouria emys — THEOBALD 1868: 10
Testudo emys — BOULENGER 1889
Testudo emys — BOULENGER 1893: 312
Testudo emys — DE ROOIJ 1915: 305
Testudo emys — MELL 1938
Geochelone emys — PRITCHARD 1967
Manouria emys — OBST 1985
Geochelone (Manouria) emys — ALDERTON 1988
Manouria emys — MANTHEY & GROSSMANN 1997: 457
Manouria emys — COX et al. 1998: 133
Manouria emys — TTWG 2014: 404
Manouria emys — TTWG 2021

Manouria emys phayrei (BLYTH 1854)
Testudo phayrei BLYTH 1853
Testudo (Scapia) falconeri GRAY 1869
Testudo nutapundi REIMANN 1979 (in NUTAPHAND 1979)
Geochelone nutapundi — NUTAPHAND 1979 (fide ERNST & BARBOUR 1989)
Manouria emys phayrei — BOUR 1998
Manouria emys phayrei — MURTHY 2010: 24
Manouria emys phayrei — TTWG 2021 
DistributionIndia (Assam, Nagaland), Bangladesh,
Myanmar (= Burma), Tailand and Malaysia,
Indonesia (Sumatra, Borneo)

emys: S Tahiland, Malaysia, Sumatra, Borneo; Type locality: Sumatra

phayrei: N/W Thailand to NE India; Type locality: Arakan; Tenasserim Provinces’.  
TypesLectotype: RMNH 3808 (HOOGMOED & CRUMLY, 1984).
Syntypes: ZSI 813 and 15492; Lectotype: Muséum de Calcutta; not located fide BOUR 1998, 2002 [phayrei] 
CommentM. e. emys has separated pectoral scutes while M. e. phayrei has joined pectoral scutes.

Type species: Manouria fusca GRAY 1854 is the type species of the genus Manouria GRAY 1852: 1. 
EtymologyManouria emys phayrei has been named after Sir Arthur Purves Phayre (1812-1885), British army officer in India who became Commissioner of British Burma. 
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  • Bhupathy, S., Ramesh Kumar, S., Paramanandham, J., Thirumalainathan, P. and Pranjit Kumar Sarma 2013. Conservation of reptiles in Nagaland, India. In: K. K. Singh et al. (editors), Bioresources and Traditional Knowledge of Northeast India, Mizo Post-Graduate Science Society, pp. 181-186
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