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Marinussaurus curupira PELOSO, PELLEGRINO, RODRIGUES & ÁVILA-PIRES, 2011

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Higher TaxaGymnophthalmidae (Cercosaurinae), Sauria, Gymnophthalmoidea, Squamata (lizards) 
Common Names 
SynonymMarinussaurus curupira PELOSO, PELLEGRINO, RODRIGUES & ÁVILA-PIRES 2011 
DistributionBrazil (Amazonas)

Type locality: “Ramal km 27,” Iranduba, state of Amazonas, Brazil.  
TypesHolotype: INPA 19855 (Field Number, Ponte 73; fig. 1); adult male, collected on August 30, 2007, by. V.T. Carvalho.
Paratype: INPA 19856 (Field Number, Ponte 41; figs. 2, 3); adult male, collected at Sítio Bom Lugar (Renato Cintra), Iranduba, Amazonas, Brazil (3°07␣00␣S; 60°19␣01␣W), on August 27, 2007, by V.T. Carvalho. 
CommentType species: Marinussaurus curupira is the type species of the genus Marinussaurus PELOSO, PELLEGRINO, RODRIGUES & ÁVILA-PIRES` 2011.

For diagnostic morphological characters distinguishing Marinussaurus, Amapasaurus, Anotosaura, Arthrosaura, Colobosauroides, Dryadosaura,Ecpleopus, Kaieteurosaurus, Leposoma, and Pantepuisaurus see Table 2 in PELOSO et al. 2011.

Abundance: only known from its original description (Meiri et al. 2017). 
EtymologyEtymology (genus): The generic name Marinussaurus is given in honor of Marinus S. Hoogmoed, for his great contribution to the knowledge of the Amazonian fauna, for his friendship, and eternal willingness to teach. The genus is male in gender.

Etymology: The specific name is given after the Curupira, a mythological creature known from many regions in South America (e.g., Brazil, Argentina, Chile, Paraguay, and Uruguay). The most common versions of the legend regard the Curupira as an anthropomorphic creature of short height, with dark skin and with the feet pointed backward. The Curupira protects the forest and its inhabitants, severely punishing those who hunt for pleasure or who kill breeding females or defenseless juveniles. In the Amazonian region of Brazil the legend is vivid in the minds of people of riverside communities and the Curupira is sometimes much feared. The Curupira is also known as Curupi (in Argentina). 
  • Meiri, Shai; Aaron M. Bauer, Allen Allison, Fernando Castro-Herrera, Laurent Chirio, Guarino Colli, Indraneil Das, Tiffany M. Doan, Frank Glaw, Lee L. Grismer, Marinus Hoogmoed, Fred Kraus, Matthew LeBreton, Danny Meirte, Zoltán T. Nagy, Cristiano d 2017. Extinct, obscure or imaginary: the lizard species with the smallest ranges. Diversity and Distributions - get paper here
  • Peloso, Pedro L.V.; Katia C. M. Pellegrino, Miguel T. Rodrigues, and Teresa C.S. Ávila-Pires 2011. Description and Phylogenetic Relationships of a New Genus and Species of Lizard (Squamata, Gymnophthalmidae) from the Amazonian Rainforest of Northern Brazil. American Museum Novitates (3713): 1-24 - get paper here
  • RIBEIRO-JÚNIOR, MARCO A. & SILVANA AMARAL 2017. Catalogue of distribution of lizards (Reptilia: Squamata) from the Brazilian Amazonia. IV. Alopoglossidae, Gymnophthalmidae Zootaxa 4269 (2): 151-196
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