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Mauremys nigricans (GRAY, 1834)

IUCN Red List - Mauremys nigricans - Endangered, EN

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Higher TaxaGeoemydidae (Geoemydinae), Testudinoidea, Testudines (turtles) 
Common NamesE: Redneck Pond Turtle, Kwangtung River Turtle, Black-Necked Pond Turtle
G: Chinesische Rothalsschildkröte
Chinese: 黑颈乌龟 
SynonymEmys nigricans GRAY 1834
Clemmys nigricans STRAUCH 1862 (part.)
Damonia nigricans GRAY 1870
Clemmys nigricans — SIEBENROCK 1903
Geoclemys kwangtungensis POPE 1934
Chinemys nigricans FANG 1934
Clemmys kwangtungensis — MELL 1938 (ex errore)
Chinemys kwangtungensis — BOURRET 1941
Geoclemys palaeannamitica BOURRET 1941:10 (nomen dubium)
Chinemys nigricans — IVERSON & MCCORD 1989
Mauremys nigricans — KING & BURKE 1989
Chinemys nigricans — OBST 2003: 17
Mauremys nigricans — FELDHAM & PARHAM 2004
Chinemys nigricans — MCCORD & JOSEPH-OUNI 2004
Mauremys nigricans — RHODIN et al. 2010 
DistributionN Vietnam (?), S China (Provinces Kwangtung = Guangdong, Guangxi, possibly Fujian and Yunnan), Hainan, Taiwan

Type locality: “China prope Canton” [= near Gangzhou (=Canton), Guangdong (=Kwangtung) Province, China]  
TypesHolotype: BMNH 1947.3.5.35 
CommentSynonymy: Has been synonymized with Mauremys mutica by various authors (e.g. McDowell 1964).

Distribution: Does not ocur in Japan (T. HIKIDA, pers. comm.)

Habitat: freshwater (Rivers, swamps, ponds) 
  • Abraham, G. 1981. Mauremys nigricans, Dreikielschildkröte - Nachzucht im Zimmerterrarium. Sauria 3 (3): 21-25 - get paper here
  • Anders, Ben And John B. Iverson 2012. Mauremys nigricans (Gray 1834) – Red-Necked Pond Turtle, Chinese Red-Necked Turtle, Kwangtung River Turtle, Black-Necked Pond Turtle. Chelonian Research Monographs No. 5, doi:10.3854/crm.5.068.nigricans.v1.2012
  • Anonymous 2016. Testudinate China [in both English and Chinese] Testudinate Industry Branch of the China Fishery Association, published on occasion of WCH8; author not explicitly stated, 54 pp.
  • Bour, R. 2008. Global diversity of turtles (Chelonii; Reptilia) in freshwater. Hydrobiologia 595:593–598
  • Bourret, R. 1941. Les tortues de l'Indochine. Institut Océanographique l'Indochine 38:1-235
  • Buskirk, James R. 1989. New locality records for Chinese non-marine chelonians [Chinemys reevesii nigricans, Cistoclemmys flavomarginata, Cuora galbinifrons hainanensis pani, Mauremys mutica, Clemmys Oscadia sinensis, Sacalia bealei quadriocellata, Platysternon megacephalum Chinese Herpetological Research 2 (2): 65-68
  • Feldman, C. R. & Parham, James Ford 2004. Molecular Systematics of Old World Stripe-Necked Turtles (Testudines: Mauremys). Asiatic Herpetological Research 10: 28-37 - get paper here
  • Gray, J.E. 1834. Characters of several new species of freshwater tortoises (Emys) from India and China. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1834: 53-55 - get paper here
  • HU, Qiping; HUANG Chengxin, XU Shuru, ZHANG Qiuming, MA Ning, ZHONG Hanming 2013. Primary Phylogenies of Mauremys guangxiensis and Mauremys iversoni Inferred from DNA Sequences of Mitochondrial ND4 Gene and Nuclear c-mos Gene. Sichuan Journal of Zoology 32 (2): 180-186 - get paper here
  • Iverson,J.B. & MCCORD,W.P. 1989. The proper taxonomic allocation of Emys nigricans GRAY, Emys muticus CANTOR, and Geoclemys kwangtungensis POPE. Amphibia-Reptilia 10: 23-33 - get paper here
  • McCord, W.P. & Joseph-Ouni, M. 2004. Chelonian Illustrations #16: Pond, Thread, and Four-Eyed Turtles of Eastern Asia. Reptilia (GB) (36): 10-13 - get paper here
  • McDowell, S.B. 1964. Partition of the Genus Clemmys and related problems in the taxonomy of the aquatic Testudinidae. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 143 (2): 239-279. - get paper here
  • Meier, E. 2004. Das Internationale Zentrum für Schildkrötenschutz (IZS) füllt sich mit Leben. Elaphe 12 (2): 60-64
  • Nguyen, S.V., Ho, C.T. and Nguyen, T.Q. 2009. Herpetofauna of Vietnam. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 768 pp.
  • Obst, F.J. 2003. Sumpfschildkröten. Draco 4 (13): 4-18 - get paper here
  • Pope, Clifford H. 1934. A new emydid turtle of the genus Geoclemys from Kwangtung province, China. American Museum Novitates (691): 1-2 - get paper here
  • Praschag, Peter. 2014. The genesis of Turtle Island: a new zoo, research and conservation center for Chelonians. Turtle Survival 2014: 25 - get paper here
  • Schilde, M. 2004. Asiatische Sumpfschildkröten - Die Familie Geoemydidae in Südostasien, China und Japan. Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 192 pp. - get paper here
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