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Mauremys sinensis (GRAY, 1834)

IUCN Red List - Mauremys sinensis - Endangered, EN

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Higher TaxaGeoemydidae (Geoemydinae), Testudinoidea, Testudines (turtles)
Common NamesE: Chinese Striped-necked Turtle, Common thread turtle
G: Chinesische Streifenschildkröte
Chinese: 花龟 
SynonymEmys sinensis GRAY 1834: 53
Emys bennettii GRAY 1844
Emys sinensis — GÜNTHER 1864: 27
Ocadia sinensis — GRAY 1870: 35
Emys chinensis — GRAY 1870: 28
Ocadia sinensis — BOULENGER 1889: 85
Ocadia sinensis — STEJNEGER 1907: 489
Ocadia sinensis — SCHMIDT 1927
Testudo anyangensis PING 1930:217 (fossil)
Ocadia glyphistoma MCCORD & IVERSON 1994 (part.)
Ocadia glyphistoma — MCCORD & JOSEPH-OUNI 2004
Ocadia sinensis changwui TAO 1988:229 (fossil)
Ocadia philippeni MCCORD & IVERSON 1992 (part.)
Ocadia sinensis — ZIEGLER 2002: 145
Ocadia sinensis — OBST 2003: 17
Ocadia philippeni — OBST 2003: 17
Ocadia philippeni — MCCORD & JOSEPH-OUNI 2004
Mauremys sinensis — SPINKS et al. 2004
Mauremys sinensis — CHEN & LUE 2010
Ocadia sinensis — CHANG et al. 2012
Mauremys sinensis — TTWG 2021 
DistributionTaiwan, S China (Guangdong, Guangxi, Fujian, Zhejiang, Jiangsu, Fukien, Hanchow, Soochow, Kwangtung, Shanghai, Hainan Island, Hong Kong), Laos, N Vietnam

Introduced to Korea (Chang et al. 2012).

Type locality: “China”

glyphistoma: SW China (SW Guangxi), NE Vietnam

Ocadia philippeni: China (W Hainan)  
Reproductionoviparous. Temperature‐dependent sex determination (TSD) fide Nemesházi & Bókony 2023. 
TypesHolotype: BMNH 1947.3.5.26. 
CommentHybridization: SCHILDE et al. (2004) reported a hybrid between Ocadia sinensis x Cyclemys shanensis. OTANI (1995) and FONG & CHEN (2010) reported hybrids between O. (Mauremys) sinensis x Mauremys reevesii. O. glyphistoma is a hybrid between Ocadia sinensis and Mauremys annamensis (DALTON 2003). A specimen of O. glyphistoma studied by SPINKS et al. (2004) was most similar morphologically to O. sinensis yet falls on a short branch in the clade with Mauremys by DNA sequence data, a result that is consistent with it being a hybrid between a male O. sinensis and a female M. annamensis. Similarly, STUART & PARHAM (2007) confirmed that O. glyphistoma is a hybrid of Mauremys sinensis and M. cf. annamensis.

Synonymy: partly after Rhodin et al. 2010.

Distribution: has been found in Micronesia and may have been introduced there (Buden & Taboroši 2016).

Habitat: freshwater (Rivers, swamps, ponds) 
EtymologyNamed after its occurrence in China. 
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