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Mecistops cataphractus CUVIER, 1825

IUCN Red List - Mecistops cataphractus - Critically Endangered, CR

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Higher TaxaCrocodylidae (Crocodylia, crocodiles) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: African slender-snouted crocodile
G: Panzerkrokodil 
SynonymCrocodilus cataphractus CUVIER 1825: 58
Crocodilus leptorhynchus BENNETT 1835: 129
Crocodilus cataphractus — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1836: 126
Mecistops bennettii GRAY 1844: 57
Crocodilus cataphractus — FALCONER 1846: 362
Crocodylus cataphractus — SCHMIDT 1919: 417
Crocodylus cataphractus — KING & BURKE 1989
Mecistops cataphractus — SCHMITZ et al. 2003
Mecistops cataphractus — MCALILEY et al. 2006 
DistributionAngola, Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea (Conakry), Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Tanzania, Togo, Zaire, Zambia

Type locality: “Senegal und Ganges” (fide Wermuth & Mertens 1977: 142); restricted to "Senegal-Fluss," by Fuchs, Mertens, and Wermuth 1974 Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous. 
TypesHolotype: RCSM 710 
CommentMook (1921), Wermuth (1953), and Wermuth and Mertens (1961: 359, 361), Wermuth and Fuchs 1983, incorrectly identified and illustrated a skull of C. cataphractus as belonging to C. intermedius (after King & Burke 1989).

SCHMITZ et al. (2003) found that high genetic differentiation to Osteolaemus (> 7.8%) shows that “C.” cataphractus is not a member of the genus Osteolaemus but probably deserves generic rank. Mecistops Gray 1844 was suggested as available generic name.

Synonymy: partly after WERMUTH & MERTENS 1977: 142.

Type species: Mecistops bennettii GRAY 1844 is the type species of the genus Mecistops GRAY 1844: 57. 
References
  • Aoki, R. 1976. On the generic status of Mecitops (Crocodylidae) and the origin of Tomistoma and Gavialis. Bull. Atagawa Inst. 6-7: 23-30
  • Böhme, Wolfgang, Mark-Oliver Rödel, Christian Brede & Philipp Wagner 2011. The reptiles (Testudines, Squamata, Crocodylia) of the forested southeast of the Republic Guinea (Guinée forestière), with a country-wide checklist. Bonn zoological Bulletin 60 (1): 35-61 - get paper here
  • Burger, M.; Branch, W.R. & Channing, A. 2004. Amphibians and Reptiles of Monts Doudou, Gabon: Species Turnover Along an Elevational Gradient. California Academy of Sciences Memoir 28: 145–186
  • Carlino, P. & Pauwels, O.S.G. 2015. An Updated Reptile List of Ivindo National Park, the Herpetofaunal Hotspot of Gabon. Bull. Chicago Herp. Soc. 50(3): 25-39 - get paper here
  • Chirio, L. & Lebreton, M. 2007. Atlas des reptiles du Cameroun. MNHN, IRD, Paris 688 pp.
  • Cuvier, G.L.C.F.D. 1825. Recherches sur les ossemens fossiles de quadrupèdes, où l'on rétablit les caractères du plusieurs espèces d'animaux que les révolutions du globe paroissent avoir détruites. Dufour & d'Ocagne, Paris. ed. 3, 5 vols. [[Parts of this 5 volume edition are cited as appearing from 1821 to 1824; volume 5 appeared in 1825. It consists mostly of articles reprinted from Annales du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris. See also Cuvie - get paper here
  • Duméril, A.M. C. and G. Bibron. 1836. Erpetologie Générale ou Histoire Naturelle Complete des Reptiles. Vol. 3. Libr. Encyclopédique Roret, Paris, 528 pp. - get paper here
  • Falconer,H. 1846. Notes upon two crania of crocodiles in the Belfast museum. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (1) 18: 361-364 - get paper here
  • Fuchs, K., R. Mertens, and H. Wermuth. 1974. Zum Status vom Crocodylus cataphractus und Osteolaemus tetraspis. Stuttgarter Beiträge zur Naturkunde. Serie A (Biologie) 266: 1-8
  • Gossmann, V.; Lötters, S.; Obame, F. & Böhme, W. 2002. Zur Herpetofauna Gabuns. Teil II: Kommentierte Artenliste der gefundenen Reptilien, Bemerkungen zur Artenvielfalt. Herpetofauna 24 (136): 19-33 - get paper here
  • Krysko, K.K.; Enge, K.M.; Donlan, E.M.; Golden, E.Z.; Burgess, J.P. & Larson, K.W. 2009. THE NON-MARINE HERPETOFAUNA OF KEY BISCAYNE, FLORIDA. Herp. Cons. Biol. 5 (1):132-142 - get paper here
  • McAliley, L. Rex; Ray E. Willis, David A. Ray, P. Scott White, Christopher A. Brochu and Llewellyn D. Densmore III 2006. Are crocodiles really monophyletic?—Evidence for subdivisions from sequence and morphological data. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 39 (1): 16-32 - get paper here
  • Meurer, A. 2015. Private Pflege und Nachzucht bedrohter Krokodile. Terraria-Elaphe 2016 (1): 66-74 - get paper here
  • Miles, Lee G.; Stacey L. Lance; Sally R. Isberg; <br />Chris Moran; Travis C. Glenn 2009. Cross-species amplification of microsatellites in crocodilians: assessment and applications for the future. Conservation Genetics. 10:935–954
  • Mook, C.C. 1921. Skull characters of Recent Crocodilia with notes on the affinities of the Recent genera. Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44 (13): 123-268
  • Nickel, H. & Auliya, M. 2004. Krokodile - faszinierende Überlebenskünstler. Draco 5 (20): 4-19 - get paper here
  • Padial, J. M. 2006. COMMENTED DISTRIBUTIONAL LIST OF THE REPTILES OF MAURITANIA (WEST AFRICA). Graellsia, 62(2): 159-178
  • Pauwels, O.S.G. & Vande weghe, J.P. 2008. Les reptiles du Gabon. Smithsonian Institution, Washington: 272 pp. - get paper here
  • Pauwels, O.S.G.; Kamdem Toham, A. & Chimsunchart, C. 2002. Recherches sur l’herpétofaune du Massif du Chaillu, Gabon. Bull. Inst. Roy. Sci. Nat. Belgique (Biologie) 72: 47-57 - get paper here
  • Pauwels, O.S.G.; Victor Mamonekene; Pierre Dumont; William R. Branch; Marius Burger and Sébastien Lavoué 2003. DIET RECORDS FOR CROCODYLUS CATAPHRACTUS (REPTILIA: CROCODYLIDAE) AT LAKE DIVANGUI, OGOOUÉ-MARITIME PROVINCE, SOUTHWESTERN GABON. Hamadryad 27 (2): 200 – 204 - get paper here
  • Piras, Paolo; Luciano Teresi; Angela D. Buscalioni and Jorge Cubo 2009. The shadow of forgotten ancestors differently constrains the fate of Alligatoroidea and Crocodyloidea. Global Ecology and Biogeography (Global Ecol. Biogeogr.) 18: 30–40
  • Ross, Franklin D. 2006. East Africa range map upgrade. Crocodile Specialist Group Newsletter 25(1):23
  • Ross, Franklin D. 2006. African slender-snout belly is possible cline. Crocodile Specialist Group Newsletter 25(2):18-19
  • Ross, Franklin D. 2006. West African range map omissions. Crocodile Specialist Group Newsletter 25(1):23-24. [
  • Schmidt, Karl Patterson 1919. Contributions to the Herpetology of the Belgian Congo based on the Collection of the American Congo Expedition, 1909-1915. Part I: turtles, crocodiles, lizards, and chamaeleons. Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist. 39 (2): 385-624 - get paper here
  • Schmitz, Andreas; Patrick Mausfeld; Evon Hekkala; Tara Shine; Hemmo Nickel; George Amato; Wolfgang Böhme 2003. Molecular evidence for species level divergence in African Nile Crocodiles Crocodylus niloticus (Laurenti, 1786). C. R. Palevol 2: 703–712
  • Sommerlad, R. 2011. Krokodile – Reptiliengiganten in Gefahr. Reptilia (Münster) 16 (87): 16-22 - get paper here
  • Trape, J.F.; Trape, S. & Chirio, L. 2012. Lézards, crocodiles et tortues d'Afrique occidentale et du Sahara. IRD Orstom, 503 pp. - get paper here
  • Trutnau, L. & Sommerlad, R. 2006. Krokodile - Biologie und Haltung. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 646 pp. [review in Reptilia Münster 11 (6): 95-96]
  • Trutnau, L. & Sommerlad, R. 2006. Crocodilians. Their natural history and captive husbandry. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 646 pp. [review in Reptilia GB 48: 8-10]
  • Wermuth, H. 1953. Systematik der Rezenten Krokodile. Mitteilungen aus dem Zoologischen Museum im Berlin 29 (2): 375-514
  • Wermuth, H., and K. Fuchs. 1983. In: P. Dollinger (ed.), Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora Identification Manual. Volume 5: Parts and Derivatives II. Secretariat for the Convention, Lausanne, Switzerland.
  • Wermuth, H., and R. Mertens. 1961. Schildkröten, Krokodile, Brückenechsen. Gustav Fischer Verlag, Jena. xxvi + 422 pp.
  • Wermuth,H. & Fuchs,K. 1978. Bestimmen von Krokodilen und ihrer Häute. Gustav Fischer Verlag, Stuttgart - New York, 100 pages, [ISBN 3-437-30268-X]
  • Willis, Ray E. 2009. Transthyretin gene (TTR) intron 1 elucidates crocodylian phylogenetic relationships. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 53 (3): 1049-1054 - get paper here
 
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