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Medopheos edracanthus (BOCOURT, 1874)

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Higher TaxaTeiidae, Teiinae, Gymnophthalmoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Common NamesBocourt's Ameiva 
SynonymAmeiva edracantha BOCOURT 1874
Cnemidophorus armatulus COPE 1875: 165
Verticaria hedracantha [sic] — COPE 1885: 172
Ameiva edracantha — BOULENGER 1885: 349
Ameiva edracantha — PETERS & DONOSO-BARROS 1970: 21
Ameiva edracantha — LEHR et al. 2002
Medopheos edracanthus — HARVEY et al. 2012 
DistributionEcuador, Peru (coastal areas; Ancash [hr 31: 52])

Type locality: see comment Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
TypesHolotype: MNHN 4202 
CommentType species: Ameiva edracantha BOCOURT 1874 is the type species of the genus Medopheos HARVEY et al. 2012.

Synonymy that of PETERS & DONOSO-BARROS 1970

Terra typica: Mexico [BOCOURT 1874; in error] 
EtymologyEtymology (genus): Medopheos is a masculine noun in the nominative singular derived from the Greek noun medea meaning genitalia and pheos, a term used to refer to certain spiny plants. The name alludes to the distinctive cluster of 5–6 preanal spurs on either side of the vent of males. 
  • Bocourt,M.F. 1874. Deux notes sur quelques sauriens de l'Amérique tropicale. Ann. Sci. Nat. Zool. Paris (5) 19 (4): 1-5 [1873] - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Vol. 2, Second edition. London, xiii+497 pp. - get paper here
  • CASTRO, FRANCIS P. & VÍCTOR R. MORALES 2012. Intraspecific ecological behavior in Ameiva edracantha Bocourt, 1874 (SQUAMATA, TEIIDAE) from Tumbes Reserve Zone, Peru. Herpetotropicos 8 (1-2): 55-60 - get paper here
  • Cope, E.D. 1875. Report on the Reptiles brought by Professor James Orton from the middle and upper Amazon and western Peru. Journal of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia N.S. (2) 8: 159-183 [sometimes thought to be published 1876 but see Murphy et al. 2007 for clarification] - get paper here
  • Cope, E.D. 1885. Twelfth contribution to the herpetology of tropical America. Proc. Amer. Philos. Soc. 22: 167-194 [1884] - get paper here
  • HARVEY, MICHAEL B.; GABRIEL N. UGUETO & RONALD L. GUTBERLET, Jr. 2012. Review of Teiid Morphology with a Revised Taxonomy and Phylogeny of the Teiidae (Lepidosauria: Squamata). Zootaxa 3459: 1–156 - get paper here
  • Koch, C. 2010. Geheimnisvolles Peru. Reptilia (Münster) 15 (82): 36-45 - get paper here
  • Lehr, E. 2002. Amphibien und Reptilien in Peru. Natur und Tier-Verlag (Münster), 208 pp. - get paper here
  • Lehr, E.; Köhler, G. & Streit, B. 2002. Die Herpetofauna von Mittelperu entlang eines Transektes von der pazifischen Küste bis in die Hochanden (Amphibia et Reptilia). Faun. Abh. Mus. Tierk. Dresden 22 (2): 361-392
  • Torres-Carvajal, O. 2004. Herpetofauna of Isla de La Plata, Ecuador. Herpetological Review 35 (1): 85 - get paper here
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