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Meroles anchietae (BOCAGE, 1867)

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Higher TaxaLacertidae, Eremiadinae, Sauria, Lacertoidea, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Anchieta’s Dune or Shovel-Snouted Lizard 
SynonymPachyrhynchus anchietae BOCAGE 1867: 227
Aporosaura anchietae — LOVERIDGE 1936: 63
Aporosaura anchietae — FITZSIMONS 1943: 371
Aporosaura anchietae — LOUW & HOLM 1972
Meroles anchietae — ARNOLD 1989
Meroles anchietae — BISCHOFF 2005
Meroles anchietae — EDWARDS et al. 2013
Meroles anchietae — SCHLEICHER 2020 
DistributionW Namibia (sandhills), in the north up to SW Angola

Type locality: Rio Croco, Mossamedes, Angola  
TypesHolotype: MB (Museu Bocage Lisbon) 
EtymologyNamed after José de Anchieta (9 Oct 1832 -14 Sep 1897), Portugese explorer of Africa. 
  • Arnold, E. N. 1989. Towards a phylogeny and biogeography of the Lacertidae: relationships within an Old-World family of lizards derived from morphology. Bulletin of the British Museum (NATURAL HISTORY) ZOOLOGY 55 (2): 209-257 - get paper here
  • Arnold, E.N. 1991. Relationships of the South African lizards assigned to Aporosaura, Meroles and Pedioplanis (Reptilia: Lacertidae). Journal of Natural History 25: 783–807 - get paper here
  • Bauer, Aaron M.; Branch, William R. & Haacke, Wulf D. 1993. The herpetofauna of the Kamanjab area and adjacent Damaraland, Namibia. Madoqua (Windhoek) 18 (2): 117-145.
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Bischoff, W. 2005. Die echten Eidechsen der Familie Lacertidae - eine Übersicht. Draco 5 (21): 4-27 - get paper here
  • Bocage,J.V. du B. 1867. Descriptions of two new Saurians from Mossamedes (West Africa). Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (3) 20: 225-228 - get paper here
  • Branch, William R. 1993. A Photographic Guide to Snakes and Other Reptiles of Southern Africa. Cape Town: Struik Publishers, 144 S.
  • Branch, William R. 1994. Herpetofauna of the Sperrgebeit [sic] Region of Southern Namibia. Herpetological Natural History 2 (1): 1-11.
  • Cimatti, E. 2007. Namibia - Introduction to a vast territory. Reptilia (GB) (50): 58-67 - get paper here
  • Cunningham, P., Maartens, L., & Prickett, M. 2018. A contribution to the reptiles of the Kunene River Mouth area. Namibian Journal Of Environment, 2, Section B, 1-8. Retrieved from - get paper here
  • EDWARDS, SHELLEY; WILLIAM R. BRANCH, BIEKE VANHOOYDONCK, ANTHONY HERREL, G. JOHN MEASEY, KRYSTAL A. TOLLEY 2013. Taxonomic adjustments in the systematics of the southern African lacertid lizards (Sauria: Lacertidae). Zootaxa 3669 (2): 101–114 - get paper here
  • Eifler, D. A., Eifler, M. A., Liu, E. F., Luyanda, B., Utsumi, K. L., Muradzikwa, T. E., ... & Buchanan, C. A. 2020. Slip slidin’away: Demographic variation in movement behavior of the dune-dwelling lizard Meroles anchietae. Journal of Arid Environments, 183: 104286 - get paper here
  • Fitzpatrick, Sarah W. 2017. Meroles anchietae (Shovel-snouted Lizard) Diet. Herpetological Review 48 (1): 194 - get paper here
  • FitzSimons, V.F. 1943. The lizards of South Africa. Transvaal Museum Memoir No.1 (Pretoria), 528 pp.
  • Hamilton, William J., III. 1983. The living sands of the Namib. National Geographic 164(3):364-377
  • Harris, D. James; E. Nicholas Arnold, and Richard H. Thomas 1998. Rapid Speciation, Morphological Evolution, and Adaptation to Extreme Environments in South African Sand Lizards (Meroles) as Revealed by Mitochondrial Gene Sequences. Mol Phylogenet Evol. 10 (1): 37–48 - get paper here
  • Herrmann, H.-W.; W.R. Branch 2013. Fifty years of herpetological research in the Namib Desert and Namibia with an updated and annotated species checklist. Journal of Arid Environments 93: 94–115 - get paper here
  • IIYAMBO, N., EIFLER, D., MARAIS, E., & KIRCHHOF, S. 2016. Meroles anchietae (Bocage, 1867) Size, Growth and Longevity. African Herp News (63): 12-15 - get paper here
  • Liu, E F; Buchanan, C A; Eifler, M A & Eifler, D A; 2019. Meroles anchietae (Anchieta’s Shovel-snouted Lizard) Cannibalism. Herpetological Review 50 (3): 580 - get paper here
  • Lobón-Rovira J, Vaz Pinto P, S. Becker F, Tolley KA, Measey J, Bennet B, Boon B, de Sá S, Conradie W 2022. An updated herpetofaunal species inventory of Iona National Park in southwestern Angola. Check List 18(2): 289-321 - get paper here
  • Louw,G.N. & Holm,E. 1972. Physiological, morphological and behavioural adaptions of the ultra-psammophilous Namib desert lizard, Aporosaura anchietae (Bocage). Madoqua 1: 67-85
  • Loveridge, A. 1936. African reptiles and amphibians in the Field Museum of Natural History. Zool. Ser. Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Chicago, 22 (1): 1-122 - get paper here
  • Marques, Mariana P.; Luis M. P. Ceríaco , David C. Blackburn , and Aaron M. Bauer 2018. Diversity and Distribution of the Amphibians and Terrestrial Reptiles of Angola -- Atlas of Historical and Bibliographic Records (1840–2017). Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. (Ser. 4) 65: 1-501 (Supplement II)
  • Robinson, M.D.; C.W. Barrows 2013. Namibian and North American sand-diving lizards. Journal of Arid Environments 93: 116–125 - get paper here
  • SANTOS, B. S. .,MARQUES, M. P. ., BAUER, A. M. ., & CERÍACO, L. M. P. . 2021. Herpetological results of Francisco Newton’s Zoological Expedition to Angola (1903–1906): a taxonomic revision and new records of a forgotten collection. Zootaxa, 5028 (1): 1–80 - get paper here
  • Schleicher, Alfred 2015. Reptilien Namibias. Namibia Scientific  Society, 276 pp.
  • Schleicher, Alfred 2020. Reptiles of Namibia. Kuiseb Publishers, Windhoek, Namibia, 271 pp.
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