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Meroles cuneirostris (STRAUCH, 1867)

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Higher TaxaLacertidae, Eremiadinae, Sauria, Lacertoidea, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Wedge-snouted Sand Lizard, Wedge-snouted Desert Lizard 
SynonymScapteira cuneirostris STRAUCH 1867
Saurites (Eremias) cuneirostris — PETERS 1869: 60
Scapteira cuneirostris — BOULENGER 1887: 116
Scaptira cuneirostris — FITZSIMONS 1943: 368
Meroles cuneirostris — HARRIS et al. 1998
Meroles cuneirostris — EDWARDS et al. 2013
Meroles cuneirostris — SCHLEICHER 2020 
DistributionSW Namibia (south of the area from M. reticulatus) and South Africa (outermost northwestern Cape province)

Type locality: “Damaraland"  
TypesTypes: unlocated (FITZSIMONS 1943) 
CommentListed in the Zoological Record of 1868. 
  • Arnold, E.N. 1991. Relationships of the South African lizards assigned to Aporosaura, Meroles and Pedioplanis (Reptilia: Lacertidae). Journal of Natural History 25: 783–807 - get paper here
  • Bates, M.F.; Branch, W.R., Bauer, A.M.; Burger, M., Marais, J.; Alexander, G.J. & de Villliers, M.S. (eds.) 2014. Atlas and Red List of the Reptiles of South Africa, Lesotho, and Swaziland. Suricata 1. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria, 512 pp.
  • Bauer, A.M., and Branch, W.R. 2003. The herpetofauna of the Richtersveld National Park, Northern Cape Province, Republic of South Africa. Herpetological Natural History 8: 111-160 [2001]
  • Branch, William R. 1993. A Photographic Guide to Snakes and Other Reptiles of Southern Africa. Cape Town: Struik Publishers, 144 S.
  • Branch, William R. 1994. Herpetofauna of the Sperrgebeit [sic] Region of Southern Namibia. Herpetological Natural History 2 (1): 1-11.
  • Childers, Jackie L. & Douglas A. Eifler 2015. Intraspecific behavioural variation in the lacertid lizard Meroles cuneirostris (Strauch, 1867) (Sauria:Lacertidae). African Journal of Herpetology 64 (1): 54-66 - get paper here
  • Childers, Jackie L. and Douglas A. Eifler. 2013. Meroles cuneirostris (wedge-snouted sand lizard) cannibalism. Herpetological Review 44 (4): 675-676 - get paper here
  • EDWARDS, SHELLEY; WILLIAM R. BRANCH, BIEKE VANHOOYDONCK, ANTHONY HERREL, G. JOHN MEASEY, KRYSTAL A. TOLLEY 2013. Taxonomic adjustments in the systematics of the southern African lacertid lizards (Sauria: Lacertidae). Zootaxa 3669 (2): 101–114 - get paper here
  • Eifler, Douglas and Maria Eifler. 2014. Escape tactics in the lizard Meroles cuneirostris. Amphibia-Reptilia 35 (4): 383-389 - get paper here
  • FitzSimons, V.F. 1943. The lizards of South Africa. Transvaal Museum Memoir No.1 (Pretoria), 528 pp.
  • Goldberg, S.R.; Robinson, M.D. 1979. Reproduction in two namib desert Lacertid lizard Aporosaura anchitae and Meroles cuneirostris. Herpetologica 35 (2): 169-175 - get paper here
  • Harris, D. James; E. Nicholas Arnold, and Richard H. Thomas 1998. Rapid Speciation, Morphological Evolution, and Adaptation to Extreme Environments in South African Sand Lizards (Meroles) as Revealed by Mitochondrial Gene Sequences. Mol Phylogenet Evol. 10 (1): 37–48 - get paper here
  • Herrmann, H.-W.; W.R. Branch 2013. Fifty years of herpetological research in the Namib Desert and Namibia with an updated and annotated species checklist. Journal of Arid Environments 93: 94–115 - get paper here
  • Hewitt, John 1911. Records of South African Lacertilia and Amphibia, Addenda and Corrigenda. Annals Transvaal Museum 3 (1): 42-55. - get paper here
  • Robinson, M.D.; C.W. Barrows 2013. Namibian and North American sand-diving lizards. Journal of Arid Environments 93: 116–125 - get paper here
  • Schleicher, Alfred 2015. Reptilien Namibias. Namibia Scientific  Society, 276 pp.
  • Schleicher, Alfred 2020. Reptiles of Namibia. Kuiseb Publishers, Windhoek, Namibia, 271 pp.
  • Strauch,A. 1867. Bemerkungen über die Eidechsen-Gattung Scapteira (Fitz.). Bull. Ac. Sc. St. Pétersb. 12: 313-328 or Mél. Biol. 4: 403-426 (after ZR 1868: 116) - get paper here
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