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Meroles suborbitalis (PETERS, 1869)

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Higher TaxaLacertidae, Sauria, Lacertoidea, Squamata (lizards) 
Common NamesSpotted Sand Lizard 
SynonymEremias suborbitalis PETERS 1869: 658
Scapteira depressa — BOETTGER 1886: 12
Scaptira depressa — BOULENGER 1910: 478
Scaptira suborbitalis — FITZSIMONS 1943: 359
Scaptira suborbitalis — FITZSIMONS & BRAIN 1958
Meroles suborbitalis — HAACKE 1975
Meroles suborbitalis — AUERBACH 1987: 132
Meroles suborbitalis — BAUER et al. 1995: 57
Meroles suborbitalis — EDWARDS et al. 2013 
DistributionSouth Africa (northwestern Cape province), S Namibia and several isolates in the central Namib Desert, Botswana

Type locality: Damaraland [Namibia], by implication. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
TypesLectotype: ZMB 6150 (designated by BAUER & GÜNTHER 1991) 
CommentSynonymy: Lacerta depressa Merrem, 1820 was listed as a synonym with a question mark by FITZSIMON 1943: 359. 
  • Arnold, E.N. 1991. Relationships of the South African lizards assigned to Aporosaura, Meroles and Pedioplanis (Reptilia: Lacertidae). Journal of Natural History 25: 783–807
  • Auerbach,R.D. 1987. The Amphibians and Reptiles of Botswana. Mokwepa Consultants, Botswana, 295 pp.
  • Bauer, A.M., and Branch, W.R. 2003. The herpetofauna of the Richtersveld National Park, Northern Cape Province, Republic of South Africa. Herpetological Natural History 8: 111-160 [2001]
  • Bauer, A.M.; Günther,R. & Klipfel,M. 1995. The herpetological contributions of Wilhelm C.H. Peters (1815-1883). SSAR Facsimile Reprints in Herpetology, 714 pp.
  • Bauer, Aaron M.;Günther, Rainer 1995. An annotated type catalogue of the lacertids (Reptilia: Lacertidae) in the Zoological Museum, Berlin. Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin 71 (1): 37-62
  • Bauer,A.M. & Günther,R. 1991. An annotated type catalogue of the geckos (Reptilia: Gekkonidae) in the Zoological Museum , Berlin. Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin 67: 279-310
  • Branch, William R. 1993. A Photographic Guide to Snakes and Other Reptiles of Southern Africa. Cape Town: Struik Publishers, 144 S.
  • Cooper Jr., W.E. 2005. Duration of movement as a lizard foraging movement variable. Herpetologica 61 (4): 363-372 - get paper here
  • EDWARDS, SHELLEY; WILLIAM R. BRANCH, BIEKE VANHOOYDONCK, ANTHONY HERREL, G. JOHN MEASEY, KRYSTAL A. TOLLEY 2013. Taxonomic adjustments in the systematics of the southern African lacertid lizards (Sauria: Lacertidae). Zootaxa 3669 (2): 101–114 - get paper here
  • Fitzsimons, V.F.M.; Brain, C.K. 1958. A Short account of the Reptiles of the Kalahari Gemsbok National Park. Koedoe, 1(1): 99-104 - get paper here
  • Haacke, W. D. 1975. Herpetological investigations in the sand sea of the southern Namib. . TRANSVAAL MUSEUM BULLETIN No. 15: 8-10
  • Harris, D. James; E. Nicholas Arnold, and Richard H. Thomas 1998. Rapid Speciation, Morphological Evolution, and Adaptation to Extreme Environments in South African Sand Lizards (Meroles) as Revealed by Mitochondrial Gene Sequences. Mol Phylogenet Evol. 10 (1): 37–48 - get paper here
  • Herrmann, H.-W.; W.R. Branch 2013. Fifty years of herpetological research in the Namib Desert and Namibia with an updated and annotated species checklist. Journal of Arid Environments 93: 94–115 - get paper here
  • Peters, Wilhem Carl Hartwig 1870. Förtekning pa de af J. Wahlberg i Damaralandet insamlade Reptilierna. Oefversigt Kongl.Vet. Akad. Förhandl. 26 (7): 657-662
  • Röll, B. & Henkel, F.W. 2002. Are pygopods just legless geckos? Evidence from retinal structures. Salamandra 38 (2): 73-84
  • Szczerbak, Nikolai N. 1989. Catalogue of the African Sand lizards (Reptilia: Sauria: Eremiainae: Lampreremias, Pseuderemias, Taenieremias, Mesalina, Meroles). Herpetozoa 1 (3/4): 119-132. - get paper here
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