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Mesalina adramitana (BOULENGER, 1917)

IUCN Red List - Mesalina adramitana - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaLacertidae, Eremiadinae, Sauria, Lacertoidea, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Hadramaut Sand Lizard 
SynonymEremias adramitana BOULENGER 1917
Eremias adramitana — HAAS 1957: 74
Mesalina adramitana — ARNOLD 1986
Mesalina adramitana — VAN DER KOOIJ 2001
Mesalina adramitana — SINDACO & JEREMČENKO 2008 
DistributionSouthern Arabian Peninsula, Qatar,
S Yemen, Oman, United Arab Emirates, Saudi Arabia

Type locality: “Hadramut, South Arabia”  
TypesTypes: BMNH 1946.8.6.61-68 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Occipital scale absent or very small; scales on upper surface of lower leg smooth or only obliquely keeled; ventral scales not all the same width, those bordering midline narrower than those lateral to them; usually 10 ventral scales in longest rows across mid belly; adults usually not more than 42 mm snout- vent; tail not bright blue; 29 – 37 dorsal scales across midbody; gulars from symphysis of chin shields to collar 21 – 31; femoral pores 10 – 14; scales under 4th toe 21 – 26; no clear row of enlarged scales beneath lower forelimb; scales on upper surface of lower hind limb obviously larger than dorsals between hind limbs; pattern variable, often with dark sides and light spots (after Arnold, 1986; Boulenger, 1917, Yousefkhani et al. 2015). 
CommentDistribution: See map in Burriel-Carranza et al. 2019 for map in UAE. 
  • Alshammari, Ahmed M. and Adel A. Ibrahim 2015. Lizards and Snakes in the Historical Faid Protected Area (Faid Hema), Ha'il Region, Saudi Arabia. Herp. Cons. Biol. 10 (3) - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1917. Descriptions of new lizards of the family Lacertidae. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (8) 19: 277-279 - get paper here
  • Burriel-Carranza B, Pedro Tarroso, Johannes Els, Andrew Gardner, Pritpal Soorae, Ahmed Ali Mohammed, Sai Ravi Krishna Tubati, Mohamed Mustafa Eltayeb, Junid Nazeer Shah, Héctor Tejero-Cicuéndez, Marc Simó-Riudalbas, Juan Manuel Pleguezuelos, Daniel F 2019. An integrative assessment of the diversity, phylogeny, distribution, and conservation of the terrestrial reptiles (Sauropsida, Squamata) of the United Arab Emirates. PLoS ONE 14(5): e0216273 - get paper here
  • Carranza S, Xipell M, Tarroso P, Gardner A, Arnold EN, Robinson MD, et al. 2018. Diversity, distribution and conservation of the terrestrial reptiles of Oman (Sauropsida, Squamata). PLoS One 13 (2): e0190389 - get paper here
  • Carranza, Salvador; Johannes Els; Bernat Burriel-Carranza 2021. A field guide to the reptiles of Oman. Madrid : Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, 223 pp. [review in HR 53 (3): 531] - get paper here
  • Cogālniceanu D, Valdeón A, Gosá A, Al-Hemaidi AAM, Castilla AM. 2015. Shrike predation on the lizard Mesalina adramitana in Qatar; a review of reported reptile and amphibian prey. QScience Connect 2015:1 - get paper here
  • Cogălniceanu, Dan; Aurora Castilla, Aitor Valdeon, Alberto Gosa, Noora Al Jaidah, Ali Alkuwary, Essam Saifelnasr, Paloma Mas, Renee Richer, Ahmad Amer Al Hemaidi 2014. A preliminary report on the distribution of lizards in Qatar. ZooKeys 373 (2014): 67-91<br />doi: 10.3897/zookeys.373.5994 - get paper here
  • Gardner, A.S. 2013. The amphibians and reptiles of Oman and the UAE. Edition Chimaira, 480 pp.
  • Gebhart, J. 2013. Oman, quer durch`s Weihrauchland - ein Reisetagebuch. L@CERTIDAE (Eidechsen Online) 2013 [8]: 142-159 - get paper here
  • Haas, Georg 1957. Some amphibians and reptiles from Arabia. Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. 29 (3): 47-86 - get paper here
  • Hosseinian-Yousefkhani, Seyyed Saeed; Gabriel M.D. Marmol Marin, Nasrullah Rastegar-Pouyani, Eskandar Rastegar-Pouyani 2015. A Bibliographic Recompilation of the Genus Mesalina Gray, 1838 (Sauria: Lacertidae) with a Key to the Species. Russ. J. Herpetol. 22 (1): 23-34 - get paper here
  • Joger, U. & Mayer, W. 2002. A new species of Mesalina (Reptilia: Lacertidae) from Abd al-Kuri, Socotra Archipelago, Yemen, and a preliminary molecular phylogeny for the genus Mesalina. Fauna of Arabia 19: 497-505
  • Jongbloed, M. 2000. Field Guide to the reptiles and amphibians of the UAE - Wild about reptiles. Barkers Trident Communications, 116 pp.
  • Kapli, P., Lymberakis, P., Crochet, P.-A., Geniez, P., Brito, J. C., Almutairi, M., Ahmadzadeh, F., Schmitz, A., Wilms, T., Pouyani, N. R., Poulakakis, N. 2014. Historical biogeography of the lacertid lizard Mesalina in North Africa and the Middle East. Journal of Biogeography, doi: 10.1111/jbi.12420 - get paper here
  • Meinig, Holger; Kessler, Helmut 1998. Herpetologische Beobachtungen im Rahmen einer Nationalparkplanung: Barr al Hikman und Masirah Island, Sultanat von Oman (Amphibia; Reptilia). FAUNISTISCHE ABHANDLUNGEN (DRESDEN) 21 (Supplement): 89-97
  • Simó-Riudalbas, M., Tamar, K., Šmíd, J., Mitsi, P., Sindaco, R., Chirio, L., & Carranza, S. 2019. Biogeography of Mesalina (Reptilia: Lacertidae), with special emphasis on the Mesalina adramitana group from Arabia and the Socotra Archipelago. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution - get paper here
  • Sindaco, R. & Jeremcenko, V.K. 2008. The reptiles of the Western Palearctic. Edizioni Belvedere, Latina (Italy), 579 pp. - get paper here
  • van der Kooij, Jeroen 2001. The herpetofauna of the Sultanate of Oman: Part 3: The true lizards, skinks and monitor lizards. Podarcis 2 (1): 15-26 - get paper here
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