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Mesalina ayunensis ARNOLD, 1980

IUCN Red List - Mesalina ayunensis - Data Deficient, DD

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Higher TaxaLacertidae, Eremiadinae, Sauria, Lacertoidea, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Ayun Sand Lizard, Arnold's Sand Lizard 
SynonymMesalina ayunensis ARNOLD 1980: 309
Mesalina ayunensis — JOGER & MAYER 2002
Mesalina ayunensis — SINDACO & JEREMČENKO 2008 
DistributionSW Oman (Dhufar)

Type locality: Ayun, Dhofar.  
TypesHolotype: BMNH 1977.1169, male Paratype: BMNH 1977.1168, female 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: As only two specimens are known, scale count is minimal. Up to at least 44 mm from snout to vent, quite slender, snout not very short, internasals in contact behind rostral, occipital scale very small or absent; lower eyelid with a number of enlarged, translucent, unpigmented scales in center. Dorsal scales 44, 47, gulars 32, 35 without a gular fold, ventrals in 10 longitudinal se- ries, a clearly defined row of enlarged scales beneath lower foreleg; femoral pores 16, 18 on each side; scales on upper surface of tibia smooth and small, not obviously larger than dorsal scales between hind legs and meeting large scales on lower surface of tibia abruptly; 27, 28 strongly bicarinate lamellae beneath fourth hind toe. Dorsum generally uniform without dark flanks, tail bright blue in life; hemipenis not small (over 10% of snout-vent length when fully everted) (Arnold, 1980, Yousefkhani et al. 2015). 
Etymologynamed after the type locality. 
  • Arnold E N 1980. The scientific results of the Oman flora and fauna survey 1977 (Dhofar). The reptiles and amphibians of Dhofar, southern Arabia. JOURNAL OF OMAN STUDIES SPECIAL REPORT (No. 2): 273-332 - get paper here
  • Carranza S, Xipell M, Tarroso P, Gardner A, Arnold EN, Robinson MD, et al. 2018. Diversity, distribution and conservation of the terrestrial reptiles of Oman (Sauropsida, Squamata). PLoS One 13 (2): e0190389 - get paper here
  • Carranza, Salvador; Johannes Els; Bernat Burriel-Carranza 2021. A field guide to the reptiles of Oman. Madrid : Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, 223 pp. [review in HR 53 (3): 531] - get paper here
  • Gardner, A.S. 2013. The amphibians and reptiles of Oman and the UAE. Edition Chimaira, 480 pp.
  • Hosseinian-Yousefkhani, Seyyed Saeed; Gabriel M.D. Marmol Marin, Nasrullah Rastegar-Pouyani, Eskandar Rastegar-Pouyani 2015. A Bibliographic Recompilation of the Genus Mesalina Gray, 1838 (Sauria: Lacertidae) with a Key to the Species. Russ. J. Herpetol. 22 (1): 23-34 - get paper here
  • Joger, U. & Mayer, W. 2002. A new species of Mesalina (Reptilia: Lacertidae) from Abd al-Kuri, Socotra Archipelago, Yemen, and a preliminary molecular phylogeny for the genus Mesalina. Fauna of Arabia 19: 497-505
  • Simó-Riudalbas, M., Tamar, K., Šmíd, J., Mitsi, P., Sindaco, R., Chirio, L., & Carranza, S. 2019. Biogeography of Mesalina (Reptilia: Lacertidae), with special emphasis on the Mesalina adramitana group from Arabia and the Socotra Archipelago. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution - get paper here
  • Sindaco, R. & Jeremcenko, V.K. 2008. The reptiles of the Western Palearctic. Edizioni Belvedere, Latina (Italy), 579 pp. - get paper here
  • van der Kooij, Jeroen 2001. The herpetofauna of the Sultanate of Oman: Part 3: The true lizards, skinks and monitor lizards. Podarcis 2 (1): 15-26 - get paper here
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