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Mesalina brevirostris BLANFORD, 1874

IUCN Red List - Mesalina brevirostris - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaLacertidae, Sauria, Lacertoidea, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies
 
Common NamesBlanford's Short-Nosed Desert Lizard 
SynonymMesalina brevirostris BLANFORD 1874: 32
Eremias brevirostris — BOULENGER 1887
Eremias brevirostris — SMITH 1935: 390
Eremias brevirostris — HAAS 1957: 73
Eremias brevirostris brevirostris — HAAS & WERNER 1969
Mesalina brevirostris — SZCZERBAK 1989
Eremias brevirostris — DAS 1996: 49
Mesalina brevirostris brevirostris — SINDACO & JEREMČENKO 2008
Mesalina brevirostris — SMID et al. 2017 
DistributionSE Saudi Arabia, Qatar, SW Iran, United Arab Emirates

Type locality: restriced to Tumb Island, Persian Gulf, by SMID et al. 2017 (= probably Greater Tunb (Iran, but also claimed by the UAE)  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesLectotype. BMNH 1946.8.6.25. Designated by Šmíd et al. 2017.
Former Syntypes: BMNH 80.11.10.40/1946.8.6.34 and ZSI 3474 (fide Das et al, 1998) 
CommentSubspecies: Haas 1957 rejects the erection of the Syrian subspecies, Mesalina brevirostris microlepis, by ANGEL 1936. However, SMID et al. 2017 elevated both subspecies, microlepis and bernoulli, to full species, and synonymized Mesalina brevirostris fieldi (HAAS & WERNER 1969) with bernoulli

Distribution: see map in SMID et al. 2017: Fig. 1. 
EtymologyNamed after Latin “brevis, -e” = short and “rostrum” = beak, proboscis, trunk. 
References
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  • Anderson, John 1896. A Contribution to the Herpetology of Arabia, with a preliminary list of the reptiles and batrachians of Egypt. London, R. H. Porter, 124 pp.
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  • Bosch, H. A. J. in den 2001. Mesalina brevirostris Blanford, 1874 (Reptilia: Lacertidae) in Lebanon, with data on reproduction. Zoology in the Middle East 23: 31 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, George A. 1890. The Fauna of British India, Including Ceylon and Burma. Reptilia and Batrachia. Taylor & Francis, London, xviii, 541 pp. - get paper here
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