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Mesalina simoni (BOETTGER, 1881)

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Higher TaxaLacertidae, Sauria, Lacertoidea, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common Names 
SynonymPodarces (Mesalina) simoni BOETTGER 1881: 571
Eremias olivieri simoni — BONS 1959
Mesalina simoni — ARNOLD 1986
Mesalina olivieri simoni — SZCZERBAK 1989
Mesalina simoni — SCHLEICH, KÄSTLE & KABISCH 1996: 428
Mesalina simoni — SINDACO & JEREMČENKO 2008 
DistributionMorocco (central coast of the Atlantic Ocean)

Type locality: “inter urbes Mogador et Marocco, unicum prope urbem Casablanca”. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
TypesHolotype: SMF 6087 
CommentSynonymy: MERTENS 1922: 174 stated that this species is synonymous with Eremias guttulata.

Diagnosis. For a time it was considered a subspecies of M. olivieri: In appearance it differs mainly by a heavier pigmentation of dark gray on the gular and ventral re- gions, and by having light dorsal stripes bordered with black (this black bordering lacking in M. olivieri). Scalation is very similar to M. olivieri apart from the palpebral disk, which is made up of 7 – 8 opaque or translucent plates which are never bordered in black, un- like those of M. olivieri. This species inhabits rocky pla- teaus with sparse vegetation, from sea level to above 3000 ft. As it has only recently been differentiated from M. olivieri, details on ecology and reproduction are still lacking (Boettger, 1881, Yousefkhani et al. 2015). 
References
  • Boettger, O. 1881. Diagnoses Reptilium novorum Maroccanorum. Zool. Anz. 4: 570-572 - get paper here
  • Boettger, O. 1883. Die Reptilien und Amphibien von Marocco. II. Abh. senckenb. naturf. Ges. 13: 93-146 - get paper here
  • Bons,J. 1972. Herpétologie Marocaine I: Liste commentée des amphibiens et reptiles du Maroc. Bull. Soc. Sci. nat. Maroc 52 (3/4): 107-126
  • Bons,J. & GIROT,B. 1962. Clé illustrée des reptiles du Maroc. Trav. Inst. Sci. Chérifien, Sér. Zool. 26
  • Kapli, P., Lymberakis, P., Crochet, P.-A., Geniez, P., Brito, J. C., Almutairi, M., Ahmadzadeh, F., 2014. Historical biogeography of the lacertid lizard Mesalina in North Africa and the Middle East. Journal of Biogeography, doi: 10.1111/jbi.12420 - get paper here
  • Mertens, R. 1922. Verzeichnis der Typen in der herpetologischen Sammlung des Senckenbergischen Museums. Senckenbergiana 4: 162-183 - get paper here
  • Schleich,H.H., Kästle,W., Kabisch, K. 1996. Amphibians and Reptiles of North Africa. Koeltz, Koenigstein, 627 pp.
  • Shcherbak, N.N. 1975. Katalog afrikanskikh Jaszczurok [Catalog of African sand lizards [Eremiainae]]. Akad. Sci. Ukrain. SSR, Zool. Inst., Zool. Mus.: 2-83
  • Sindaco, R. & Jeremcenko, V.K. 2008. The reptiles of the Western Palearctic. Edizioni Belvedere, Latina (Italy), 579 pp. - get paper here
  • Szczerbak, Nikolai N. 1989. Catalogue of the African Sand lizards (Reptilia: Sauria: Eremiainae: Lampreremias, Pseuderemias, Taenieremias, Mesalina, Meroles). Herpetozoa 1 (3/4): 119-132. - get paper here
  • Yousefkhani, Seyyed Saeed Hosseinian; Gabriel M.D. Marmol Marin, Nasrullah Rastegar-Pouyani, Eskanda 2015. A Bibliographic Recompilation of the Genus Mesalina Gray, 1838 (Sauria: Lacertidae) with a Key to the Species Russ. J. Herpetol. 22 (1): 23-34 - get paper here
 
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