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Microlophus bivittatus (PETERS, 1871)

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Higher TaxaTropiduridae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesSan Cristobal Lava Lizard 
SynonymTropidurus (Craniopeltis) bivittata PETERS 1871: 645
Tropidurus lemniscatus COPE 1889: 145
Tropidurus abingdonensis BAUR 1890 (fide BOULENGER 1891)
Tropidurus bivittatus — VAN DENBURGH & SLEVIN 1913
Microlophus bivittatus — FROST 1992: 48
Microlophus bivittatus — SWASH & STILL 2000 
DistributionGalapagos: San Cristobal (Ecuador)

Type locality: “Galapagosinsel Chatham” [=Isla San Cristobal, Ecuador].  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: ZMB 6539
Holotype: UIMNH [abingdonensis] 
Comment 
EtymologyNamed after “bi-” = two or dual and Latin “vitta, -ae” = band or stripe. 
References
  • Bauer, A.M.; Günther,R. & Klipfel,M. 1995. The herpetological contributions of Wilhelm C.H. Peters (1815-1883). SSAR Facsimile Reprints in Herpetology, 714 pp.
  • Boulenger, George A. 1891. On the Galapagos lizards of the genus Tropidurus. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (6) 7 (42): 501-503 - get paper here
  • Burke, Russell L., Miranda Figueras and Paul P. Calle. 2015. Microlophus bivittatus (lava lizard) predation. Herpetological Review 46 (4): 632
  • Clark, David L.; Joseph M. Macedonia, John W. Rowe, Kendall Kamp, and Carlos A. Valle 2017. Responses of Galápagos Lava Lizards (Microlophus bivittatus) to Manipulation of Female Nuptial Coloration on Lizard Robots Herpetologica Dec 2017, Vol. 73, No. 4: 323-330. - get paper here
  • Cope, E.D. 1889. Scientific results of explorations by the U.S. Fish Commission steamer Albatros. III. Report on the batrachians and reptiles collected in 1887-88. Proc. US Natl. Mus. 12 (769):141-147 - get paper here
  • Frost, Darrel R. 1992. Phylogenetic analysis and taxonomy of the Tropidurus group of lizards (Iguania: Tropidurudae). American Museum Novitates (3033): 1-68 - get paper here
  • HARVEY, Michael B. & RONALD L. GUTBERLET JR 2000. A phylogenetic analysis of the tropidurine lizards (Squamata: Tropiduridae), including new characters of squamation and epidermal microstructure. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 128: 189–233.
  • Jackson, M. H. 1985. Galapagos: a natural history guide. University of Calgary Press, Calgary, Canada. 283 pp.
  • Lambertz, M. 2011. Taxonomy, Ecology, and Evolution of the San Cristóbal Lava Lizard. Reptilia (GB) 74: 62-68 - get paper here
  • Lopez,T.J.; Hauselman,E.D.; Maxson,L.R. & Wright,J.W. 1992. Preliminary analysis of phylogenetic relationships among Galapagos Island lizards of the genus Tropidurus. Amphibia-Reptilia 13: 327-339 - get paper here
  • Moore, J.A., Rowe, J.W., Wessels, D., Plivelich, M.T. & Valle, C.A. 2017. Microlophus bivittatus (San Cristóbal Lava Lizard) Diet. Herpetological Review 48 (4): 851
  • Peters, Wilhem Carl Hartwig. 1871. Über einige Arten der herpetologischen Sammlung des Berliner zoologischen Museums. Monatsber. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin 1871: 644-652 - get paper here
  • Swash, A. & Still, R. 2000. Birds, Mammals and Reptiles of the Galapagos Islands. Pica Press, 168 pp.
  • Van Denburgh, J., and J. R. Slevin 1913. Expedition of the California Academy of Sciences to the Galapagos Islands, 1905-1906. IX. The Galapagoan lizards of the genus Tropidurus with notes on iguanas of the genera Conolophus and Amblyrhynchus. Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. (ser. 4) 2: 132-202. - get paper here
 
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