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Microlophus bivittatus (PETERS, 1871)

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Higher TaxaTropiduridae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: San Cristobal Lava Lizard 
SynonymTropidurus (Craniopeltis) bivittata PETERS 1871: 645
Tropidurus lemniscatus COPE 1889: 145
Tropidurus bivittatus — VAN DENBURGH & SLEVIN 1913
Microlophus bivittatus — FROST 1992: 48
Microlophus bivittatus — SWASH & STILL 2000
Microlophus bivittata — LAMBERTZ 2011 
DistributionGalapagos: San Cristobal (Ecuador)

Type locality: “Galapagosinsel Chatham” [=Isla San Cristobal, Ecuador].  
TypesHolotype: ZMB 6539
Syntypes: USNM 14945-14964; USNM 14958 is now MCZ R-27093 [Tropidurus lemniscatus] 
CommentSynonymy: BOULENGER 1891 considered Tropidurus lemniscatus COPE 1889 as a synonym of Microlophus bivittatus. 
EtymologyNamed after “bi-” = two or dual and Latin “vitta, -ae” = band or stripe. 
  • Bauer, A.M.; Günther,R. & Klipfel,M. 1995. The herpetological contributions of Wilhelm C.H. Peters (1815-1883). SSAR Facsimile Reprints in Herpetology, 714 pp.
  • Boulenger, George A. 1891. On the Galapagos lizards of the genus Tropidurus. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (6) 7 (42): 501-503 - get paper here
  • Burke, Russell L., Miranda Figueras and Paul P. Calle. 2015. Microlophus bivittatus (lava lizard) predation. Herpetological Review 46 (4): 632 - get paper here
  • Carpenter, Charles C. 1970. Miscellaneous notes on Galapagos lava lizards. Herpetologica 26 (3): 377-386 - get paper here
  • Clark, David L.; Joseph M. Macedonia, John W. Rowe, Kendall Kamp, and Carlos A. Valle 2017. Responses of Galápagos Lava Lizards (Microlophus bivittatus) to Manipulation of Female Nuptial Coloration on Lizard Robots. Herpetologica Dec 2017, Vol. 73, No. 4: 323-330. - get paper here
  • Cope, E.D. 1889. Scientific results of explorations by the U.S. Fish Commission steamer Albatross. III. Report on the batrachians and reptiles collected in 1887-88. Proc. US Natl. Mus. 12 (769):141-147 - get paper here
  • Fehr, Hartmut 2021. Die einzigartige Reptilienfauna der Galápagos-Inseln. Elaphe 2021 (6): 44-54
  • Frost, Darrel R. 1992. Phylogenetic analysis and taxonomy of the Tropidurus group of lizards (Iguania: Tropidurudae). American Museum Novitates (3033): 1-68 - get paper here
  • HARVEY, Michael B. & RONALD L. GUTBERLET JR 2000. A phylogenetic analysis of the tropidurine lizards (Squamata: Tropiduridae), including new characters of squamation and epidermal microstructure. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 128: 189–233. - get paper here
  • HervÍas-Parejo, Sandra; Ruben Heleno, Beatriz Rumeu, Beatriz Guzmán, Pablo Vargas, Jens M Olesen, Anna Traveset, Carlos Vera, Edgar Benavides, Manuel Nogales, 2019. Small size does not restrain frugivory and seed dispersal across the evolutionary radiation of Galápagos lava lizards. Current Zoology, Volume 65, Issue 4, August , Pages 353–361, - get paper here
  • Jackson, M. H. 1985. Galapagos: a natural history guide. University of Calgary Press, Calgary, Canada. 283 pp.
  • Lambertz, M. 2011. Taxonomy, Ecology, and Evolution of the San Cristóbal Lava Lizard Microlophus bivittata. Reptilia (GB) 74: 62-68 - get paper here
  • Lopez,T.J.; Hauselman,E.D.; Maxson,L.R. & Wright,J.W. 1992. Preliminary analysis of phylogenetic relationships among Galapagos Island lizards of the genus Tropidurus. Amphibia-Reptilia 13: 327-339 - get paper here
  • Macedonia, Joseph M.; David L. Clark, Morgan R. Fonley, Isabella Centurione, John W. Rowe & Carlos A. Valle 2019. Analysis of Bobbing Displays in Four Species of Galápagos Lava Lizards Using Conventional and Novel Quantitative Methods. Herpetologica 75 (4): 290-300 - get paper here
  • MANCERO, EMILIO J.; CARLOS A. VALLE, JOHN W. ROWE, JENNIFER A. MOORE & DAVID L. CLARK. 2022. Sexual Selection in San Cristóbal Lava Lizards (Microlophus bivittatus): A Test of Male Body Size Using Lizard Robots. Herpetologica 78(2): 93–101. - get paper here
  • Moore, J.A., Rowe, J.W., Wessels, D., Plivelich, M.T. & Valle, C.A. 2017. Microlophus bivittatus (San Cristóbal Lava Lizard) Diet. Herpetological Review 48 (4): 851 - get paper here
  • Peters, Wilhem Carl Hartwig. 1871. Über einige Arten der herpetologischen Sammlung des Berliner zoologischen Museums. Monatsber. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin 1871: 644-652 - get paper here
  • Rowe, J. W., Clark, D. L., Martin, C. E. and Valle, C. 2020. Diel and seasonal variations in the thermal biology of San Cristobal Lava Lizards (Microlophus bivittatus). Journal of Thermal Biology 88: 102518 - get paper here
  • Swash, A. & Still, R. 2000. Birds, Mammals and Reptiles of the Galapagos Islands. Pica Press, 168 pp.
  • Torres-Carvajal O, Pazmiño-Otamendi G, Salazar-Valenzuela D. 2019. Reptiles of Ecuador: a resource-rich portal, with a dynamic checklist and photographic guides. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 13 (1): [General Section]: 209–229 (e178) - get paper here
  • Van Denburgh, J., and J. R. Slevin 1913. Expedition of the California Academy of Sciences to the Galapagos Islands, 1905-1906. IX. The Galapagoan lizards of the genus Tropidurus with notes on iguanas of the genera Conolophus and Amblyrhynchus. Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. (ser. 4) 2: 132-202. - get paper here
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