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Microlophus pacificus (STEINDACHNER, 1876)

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Higher TaxaTropiduridae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Common Pacific Iguana 
SynonymTropidurus (Craniopeltis) pacificus STEINDACHNER 1876
Leiocephalus pacificus — GÜNTHER 1877
Tropidurus pacificus — BOULENGER 1885: 173
Tropidurus abingdonensis BAUR 1890
Tropidurus abingdonii (sic) BAUR 1890 (fide BOULENGER 1891)
Tropidurus pacificus — VAN DENBURGH & SLEVIN 1913
Microlophus pacificus — FROST 1992: 48
Microlophus pacificus— SWASH & STILL 2000 
DistributionGalapagos: Pinta (Ecuador)

Type locality: “Indefatigable ?” (= Isla Santa Cruz) and Bindloe (= Isla Marchena), Galapagos.  
TypesType: unlocated (fide TORRES-CARVAJAL 2001); NMW fide Steindachner 1876
Syntypes: USNM 14966-15001, INHS (= UIMNH) [abingdonensis] 
CommentSynonymy: BOULENGER 1891 considered Tropidurus abingdonensis BAUR 1890 as synonyms of Microlophus pacificus

BOULENGER (1891) gives the author as PETERS 1871.

The types are not located fide TORRES-CARVAJAL (2001). The SYNTYPE of abingdonensis are UIMNH 40749 (USNM 14998). 
  • Baur, G. 1890. Das Variieren der Eidechsen-Gattung Tropidurus auf den Galapagos Inseln und Bemerkungen über den Ursprung der Inselgruppe. Biol. Centralblatt. 10: 475-483. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Vol. 2, Second edition. London, xiii+497 pp. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, George A. 1891. On the Galapagos lizards of the genus Tropidurus. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (6) 7 (42): 501-503 - get paper here
  • Carpenter, Charles C. 1970. Miscellaneous notes on Galapagos lava lizards. Herpetologica 26 (3): 377-386 - get paper here
  • Frost, Darrel R. 1992. Phylogenetic analysis and taxonomy of the Tropidurus group of lizards (Iguania: Tropidurudae). American Museum Novitates (3033): 1-68 - get paper here
  • Gemel, R.; G. Gassner & S. Schweiger 2019. Katalog der Typen der Herpetologischen Sammlung des Naturhistorischen Museums Wien – 2018. Ann. Naturhist. Mus. Wien, B 121: 33–248
  • HervÍas-Parejo, Sandra; Ruben Heleno, Beatriz Rumeu, Beatriz Guzmán, Pablo Vargas, Jens M Olesen, Anna Traveset, Carlos Vera, Edgar Benavides, Manuel Nogales, 2019. Small size does not restrain frugivory and seed dispersal across the evolutionary radiation of Galápagos lava lizards. Current Zoology, Volume 65, Issue 4, August , Pages 353–361, - get paper here
  • Jackson, M. H. 1985. Galapagos: a natural history guide. University of Calgary Press, Calgary, Canada. 283 pp.
  • Lopez,T.J.; Hauselman,E.D.; Maxson,L.R. & Wright,J.W. 1992. Preliminary analysis of phylogenetic relationships among Galapagos Island lizards of the genus Tropidurus. Amphibia-Reptilia 13: 327-339 - get paper here
  • Steindachner, F. 1876. Die Schlangen und Eidechsen der Galapagos-Inseln. Festschr. zool.-bot. Ges., Wien 1876: 303-329 - get paper here
  • Swash, A. & Still, R. 2000. Birds, Mammals and Reptiles of the Galapagos Islands. Pica Press, 168 pp.
  • Torres-Carvajal O, Pazmiño-Otamendi G, Salazar-Valenzuela D. 2019. Reptiles of Ecuador: a resource-rich portal, with a dynamic checklist and photographic guides. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 13 (1): [General Section]: 209–229 (e178) - get paper here
  • Torres-Carvajal, O. 2001. Lizards of Ecuador: Checklist, Distribution, and Systematic References. Smithsonian Herp. Inf. Serv. (131): 1-35 - get paper here
  • Van Denburgh, J., and J. R. Slevin 1913. Expedition of the California Academy of Sciences to the Galapagos Islands, 1905-1906. IX. The Galapagoan lizards of the genus Tropidurus with notes on iguanas of the genera Conolophus and Amblyrhynchus. Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. (ser. 4) 2: 132-202. - get paper here
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