Micrurus albicinctus AMARAL, 1925
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|Higher Taxa||Elapidae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)|
|Common Names||E: White-banded Coral Snake|
S: Cobra Coral de Cinta Branca
Portuguese: Cobra-Coral, Cobra-Coral-Preta-e-Branca, Cobra-Coral-de-Cinta-Branca, Coral-Verdadeira
|Synonym||Micrurus albicinctus AMARAL 1925|
Micrurus waehnerorum MEISE 1938
Micrurus albicinctus — PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970: 201
Micrurus albicinctus — DA CUNHA & NASCIMENTO 1991
Micrurus albicinctus — ROZE 1996: 138
Micrurus albicinctus — CAMPBELL & LAMAR 2004: 145
Micrurus albicinctus — WALLACH et al. 2014: 441
Micrurus albicinctus — NOGUEIRA et al. 2019
|Distribution||Brazil (Rondonia, Mato Grosso, Amazonas), Peru|
Type locality: “northern or central Mato Grosso" (Brazil)
|Types||Holotype: MNRJ 376, a male, collected by Comissäo Rondon.|
|Diagnosis||Definition: An all-black coral snake with white bands represented by a transverse series of white spots over the entire body. Light spots are usually present on the prefrontals and internasals and on some other head shields as weH. Males lack supraanal tubercles (Roze 1996: 139).|
Description: Males have 189 to 205 (197.4) ventrals and females have 210 to 218 (215.8); subcaudals range from 42 to 49 (45.3) in males and 32 to 40 (35.1) in the known females. Examined: 15 males and 5 females, including the holotype.
The head is black above with large white or grayish spots on the prefrontals and/or internasals. Occasionally additional spots are present on the other head scales. The chin region is white but the infralabials are at least partially black. The body is black with a transverse series of small white spots that occupy one dorsal separating the black bands. This coloration is apparently derived from the original coloration of alternating black and red bands. The venter is black with short white crossbands one ventrallong or a similar transverse series of white spots. The white bands are longer on the tail and occupy about 2 dorsals and 2 ventrals.
The males have 67 to 90 (72.4) and the females have 77 to 91 (82.5) black body bands. On the tail, the males have 10 to 13 (11.4) and the females have 6 to 9 (7.6) black bands (Roze 1996: 139).
|Comment||Synonymy partly after PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970.|
Distribution (map): Map 5 in CAMPBELL & LAMAR 2004: 145. See map in Nogueira et al. 2019.
|Etymology||Latin albicinctus comes from alba meaning white and cinctus meaning banded or girdled; thus, the white-banded one. The name waehnerorum is dedicated to Mr. and Mrs. Wahner, a German couple who collected snakes in the Amazon region and presented them to the Dresden Museum in Germany.|
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