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Micrurus averyi SCHMIDT, 1939

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Higher TaxaElapidae, Colubroidea, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesBlack-headed Coral Snake 
SynonymMicrurus averyi SCHMIDT 1939
Micrurus averyi — WELCH 1994: 79
Micrurus averyi — WALLACH et al. 2014: 442 
DistributionS Guyana, Brazil (Amazonas, Pará [HR 34: 389])

Type locality: British Guiana, Courantyne District, near the Brazilian border, at Lat. 1° 40' N. and Long. 58° W. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous. 
TypesHolotype: FMNH 30956 
CommentVenomous!

Max total length: 70 cm.

Diagnosis. A species of Micrurus with the rings not in triads, head almost entirely black, no nuchal ring, and with relatively few black rings. Allied, presumably, to M. corallinus, but distinguished by the absence of the nuchal black ring, the smaller number of narrower black rings, and the reduction of the yellow rings to spots [from SCHMIDT 1939]. 
References
  • Campbell, J.A. & Lamar, W.W. 1989. The Venomous Reptiles of Latin America. Comstock Publishing/Cornell University Press, Ithaca
  • Claessen, H. 2005. De slangen van de Guyana’s, deel IX. Lacerta 63 (6): 228-241 - get paper here
  • FEITOSA, DARLAN TAVARES; NELSON JORGE DA SILVA JR., MATHEUS GODOY PIRES, HUSSAM ZAHER & ANA LÚCIA DA COSTA PRUDENTE 2015. A new species of monadal coral snake of the genus Micrurus (Serpentes, Elapidae) from western Amazon. Zootaxa 3974 (4): 538–554
  • KOK, P. J. R., ROZE, J. A., LENGLET, G. L., SAMBHU, H. & ARJOON, D. 2003. Micrurus isozonus (Cope, 1860) (Serpentes, Elapidae): an addition to the herpetofauna of Guyana, with comments on other species of coral snakes from Guyana. Bulletin de l’Institut Royal des Sciences naturelles de Belgique, Biologie, 73 : 75-82 - get paper here
  • Morato, S.A.A.; Calixto, P.O.; Mendes, L.R.; Gomes, R.; Galatti, U.; Trein, F.L.; Oliveira, F.S.; Ferreira, G.N. 2014. Guia fotográfico de identificação da herpetofauna da Floresta Nacional de Saracá-Taquera, Estado do Pará. Curitiba: STCP Engenharia de Projetos Ltda.; Porto Trombetas: MRN – Mineração Rio do Norte S.A.; 213 p. - get paper here
  • Schmidt,K.P. 1939. A new coral snake from Brirish Guyana. Field Mus. Nat. Hist. Publ. Zool. Ser. 24; 45-47 - get paper here
  • Vanzolini, P. E. 1985. Micrurus averyi Schmidt, 1939, in central amazonia (Serpentes, Elapidae). Papéis Avulsos Zoologia (São Paulo) 36 (8): 77-85 - get paper here
  • Velloso Calleffo, Myriam E. 1997. Geographic Distribution. Micrurus averyi. Herpetological Review 28 (4): 210 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
 
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