Micrurus bernadi (COPE, 1887)
Can you confirm these amateur observations of Micrurus bernadi?
|Higher Taxa||Elapidae, Colubroidea, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)|
|Common Names||E: Saddled Coral Snake (Blotched Coral Snake)|
S: Coralillo Ensillado
|Synonym||Elaps bernadi COPE 1887: 87|
Micrurus bernadi — SCHMIDT 1933
Micrurus bernadi — ROZE 1996
Micrurus bernadi — CAMPBELL 2000
Micrurus bernadi — WALLACH et al. 2014: 442
|Distribution||Mexico (W Hidalgo south to N Puebla, NW Veracruz?)|
Type locality: Zacualtipan, Hidalgo, Mexico.
|Types||Holotype: ANSP 14767, female|
|Diagnosis||Diagnosis.—A coral snake of the genus Micrurus with the normal body form and usual arrangement of head shields; ventrals about 208 in males, 225 in females; caudals about 44 in males and 38 in females; no trace of supra-anal keels; color pattern of black dorsal spots on red ground color [from SCHMIDT 1958].|
Original description.—This species is founded on a specimen from Zacualtipan, Hidalgo, sent me by Dr. Santiago Bemad. It is allied to the E. epistema D. & B., but has better claim to be regarded as a species than that form. The head and nape are black above and below, except a band of yellow from lip to lip crossing the middle of the occipital plates. The body is red, and is marked by forty-one broadly oval black spots placed transversely and separated by narrow interspaces of two and three scales length. The red spots are not light bordered, and the red scales have no markings. The belly is unspotted. The tail is of lighter color than the body, and is marked by seven black rings. Gastrosteges, 218; anal divided; urosteges, 37. Total length 807 mm.; length of tail 90 [from COPE 1886, quoted in SCHMIDT 1958].
|Comment||Considered as subspecies of Micrurus diastema by some authors (like E.A. Liner 1994). Venomous!|
Mimicry: Micrurus bernadi is mimicked by Lampropeltis triangulum, Ninia sebae, and Pliocercus elapoides (TORRE-LORANCA et al. 2006).
|Etymology||Named after Santiago Bernad, collector of the holotype.|