You are here » home advanced search Micrurus corallinus

Micrurus corallinus (MERREM, 1820)

Can you confirm these amateur observations of Micrurus corallinus?

Add your own observation of
Micrurus corallinus »

Find more photos by Google images search: Google images

Higher TaxaElapidae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Painted Coral Snake
S: Cobra Coral Pintada
Portuguese: Bacorá, Boicorá, Cobra-Corá, Cobra-Coral, Cobra-Coral-de-Cabeça-Preta, Coral, Coral-de-Cintas-Simples, Coral-de-Colar-Branco, Coralina, Coral-Venenosa, Coral-Verdadeira, Ibiboboca, Ibiboca 
SynonymElaps corallinus MERREM 1820: 144
Elaps corallinus — WIED 1820
Elaps corallinus — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1854: 1207
Elaps corallinus — BOULENGER 1886: 438
Micrurus corallinus — AMARAL 1925
Micrurus corallinus — WELCH 1994: 79
Micrurus corallinus — GIRAUDO & SCROCCHI 2002
Micrurus corallinus — WALLACH et al. 2014: 444
Micrurus corallinus — NOGUEIRA et al. 2019 
DistributionBrazil (Rio Grande do Sul, Rio Grande do Norte [HR 32: 60]. Bahia, Santa Catarina, Espírito Santo, Rio de Janeiro, Paraná, São Paulo, Paraná, Mato Grosso do Sul), NE Argentina, (Misiones), Paraguay

Type locality: Cabo Frio, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.  
TypesLectotype: AMNH 3911, designated by Roze, 1966b, a female from Rio de Janeiro, Cabo Frio, Brazil, collected by Maximillian zu Wied-Neuwied. 
DiagnosisDefinition: A single-banded coral snake with a black cap that covers most, but not all of the parietals; its posterior border is usually angular. Males without supraanal tubercles (Roze 1996: 150).

Description: Males have 195 to 208 (203.9), usually more than 198, ventrals and females have 210 to 224 (215.4), usually less than 220; subcaudals 43 to 47 (44.4) in males and 27 to 32 (29.8) in females; 1+1 or 1+2 temporals. Examined: 216 males and 188 females, including holotype.
The black cap covers the snout and the greater part of the parietals. Usually, it does not cover the latero-posterior part of the parietals nor their tips, and is separated from the black nuchal band by a narrow yellow or white band. The chin is yellowish or white but part of the mental and the first infralabials are black. Occasional small black spots may be present on other scales. The black nuchal band is 3 to 4 dorsals and 4 to 6 ventrals long. In many specimens it projects slightly forward ventrally, reaching the posterior end of the genials. The black body bands are 3 to 4 dorsals and ventrals long. The red bands are about 3 times as long as the black bands and have black tips on all scales except those of the first dorsal row. The black tips of the dorsals are small and irregular, consisting of smaller black dots concentrated around the tips of the scales (Roze 1996: 150). 

Distribution: This species has been recorded from Uruguay inn the past but according to CARREIRA et al. (2005) there are no reliable records from that country. See map in Nogueira et al. 2019. 
EtymologyLatin from corallium meaning red coral; corallinus means with the pattern of red coral. 
  • Almeida-Santos, Selma M.; Pizzatto, Lígia; Marques, Otavio A. V. 2006. Intra-sex synchrony and inter-sex coordination in the reproductive timing of the Atlantic coral snake Micrurus corallinus (Elapidae) in Brazil. The Herpetological Journal 16: 371-376 - get paper here
  • Amaral, A. do 1925. South American snakes in the collection of the United States National Museum. Proc. US Natl. Mus. 67 (24): 1-30 - get paper here
  • BARBO, F. E.; MARQUES, O. A. V. & SAWAYA, R. J. 2011. Diversity, Natural History and Distribution of Snakes in the Municipality of São Paulo. South American J. Herp. 6: 135-160
  • Bassi, E. A., Coeti, R. Z. and de Almeida-Santos, S. M. 2020. Reproductive cycle and sperm storage of female coral snakes, Micrurus corallinus and Micrurus frontalis. Amphibia-Reptilia 41: 13-27. - get paper here
  • Bérnils, R.S.; Batista, M.A. & Bertelli, P.W. 2001. Cobras e lagartos do Vale: levantamento das espécies de Squamata (Reptilia, Lepidosauria) da Bacia do Rio Itajai, Santa Catarina, Brasil. Rev. Est. Ambientais (Blumenau) 3 (1): 69-79
  • Borteiro, C., Abegg, A. D., Oda, F. H., Cardozo, D., Kolenc, F., Etchandy, I., ... & Baldo, D. 2021. Aberrant colouration in wild snakes: case study in Neotropical taxa and a review of terminology. Salamandra 57 (1): 124-138 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1886. A synopsis of the reptiles and batrachians of the province Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 18: 423-445 - get paper here
  • Braz, H B 2019. Micrurus corallinus (Coral Snake) Reproduction. Herpetological Review 50 (2): 395 - get paper here
  • Cacciali, Pier; Norman J. Scott, Aida Luz Aquino Ortíz, Lee A. Fitzgerald, and Paul Smith 2016. The Reptiles of Paraguay: Literature, Distribution, and an Annotated Taxonomic Checklist. SPECIAL PUBLICATION OF THE MUSEUM OF SOUTHWESTERN BIOLOGY, NUMBER 11: 1–373 - get paper here
  • Campbell, J.A. & Lamar, W.W. 1989. The Venomous Reptiles of Latin America. Comstock Publishing/Cornell University Press, Ithaca
  • Cañete, Lucas; Nicolás Martínez, Frederick Bauer 2020. A new record of Micrurus corallinus (Merrem, 1820) for Paraguay. Herpetology Notes 13: 713-714 - get paper here
  • Castro, T.M. & Teixeira, R.L. 2007. Straßenverkehr als Bedrohung für die Amphibien und Reptilien des Atlantischen Regenwalds in Südost-Brasilien. Eine Fallstudie. Sauria 29 (2): 35-42 - get paper here
  • Cicchi, P.J.P., M.A. Sena, D.M. Peccinini-Seale, and M.R. Duarte. 2007. Snakes from coastal islands of State of São Paulo,Southeastern Brazil. Biota Neotropica 17: 227–240 - get paper here
  • Costa, Henrique C. 2022. Clarifying the type locality of Liotyphlops wilderi (Garman, 1883)(Serpentes, Anomalepididae), with comments on other reptiles from São Cyriaco, Minas Gerais. Zoosystematics and Evolution 98 (1): 129-136
  • Cozer, J. S., Pereira-Ribeiro, J., Linause, T. M., Ferreguetti, A. C., de Godoy Bergallo, H., & da Rocha, C. F. D. 2020. Reptile diversity in the Duas Bocas Biological Reserve, Espírito Santo, southeastern Brazil. Papéis Avulsos De Zoologia, 60, e20206040-e20206040 - get paper here
  • Cruz Centeno, Fernanda da; Ricardo Jannini Sawaya & Otavio Augusto Vuolo Marques 2008. Snake assemblage of Ilha de São Sebastião, southeastern Brazil: comparison to mainland. Biota Neotropica 8 (3): 63-68 - get paper here
  • DA SILVA LUCAS, P., A. GOMES POUBEL, AND C. R. RUIZ-MIRANDA 2020. Micrurus corallinus (Painted Coral Snake). Predation. Herpetological Review 51: 148-149.
  • Dainesi, Raiane Lesley Santos; Arthur Diesel Abegg, Paulo Sérgio Bernarde, Bruno Peña Correa, Laís Pio Caetano Machado, Afonso Santiago de Oliveira Meneses, Arthur de Sena Santos 2019. Integrative overview of snake species from Londrina, State of Paraná, Brazil. Herpetology Notes 12: 419-430 - get paper here
  • De Almeida-Santos, S.M., Coeti, R.Z. & Bassi, E.A. 2017. Micrurus corallinus (Coralsnake) Reproduction. Herpetological Review 48 (4): 862 - get paper here
  • Dixo, M. and Verdade, V.K. 2006. Leaf litter herpetofauna of the Reserva Florestal de Morro Grande, Cotia (SP). [in Portuguese] Biota Neotropica 6 (2): 1-20 - get paper here
  • Duméril, A. M. C., Bibron, G. & DUMÉRIL, A. H. A., 1854. Erpétologie générale ou histoire naturelle complète des reptiles. Tome septième. Deuxième partie, comprenant l'histoire des serpents venimeux. Paris, Librairie Encyclopédique de Roret: i-xii + 781-1536 - get paper here
  • Fiorillo BF, Silva BR, Menezes FA, Marques OAV, Martins M 2020. Composition and Natural History of Snakes from Etá Farm region, Sete Barras, south-eastern Brazil. ZooKeys 931: 115-153 - get paper here
  • FORLANI, M.C., BERNARDO, P.H., HADDAD, C.B.F. & ZAHER, H. 2010. Herpetofauna of the Carlos Botelho State Park, São Paulo State, Brazil. Biota Neotropica 10 (3): 265-309 - get paper here
  • França, R. C., França, F. G., Rödder, D., & Solé, M. 2022. Historical collection of snakes from Brazil by herpetologist and biogeographer Paul Müller (1940–2010), deposited at the Zoological Research Museum Alexander Koenig, Germany. Bonn zoological Bulletin 71 (1): 41–49 - get paper here
  • Freitas, Marco Antonio de 2014. Squamate reptiles of the Atlantic Forest of northern Bahia, Brazil. Check List 10 (5): 1020-1030 - get paper here
  • Giraudo, A. R., and G. J. Scrocchi 2002. Argentinian Snakes: An Annotated Checklist. Smithsonian Herp. Inf. Serv. (132): 1-53 - get paper here
  • Gonzalez R. C. et al. 2020. Lista dos Nomes Populares dos Répteis no Brasil – Primeira Versão. Herpetologia Brasileira 9 (2): 121 – 214 - get paper here
  • Gonzalez, Rodrigo Castellari; Daniel Faustino Gomes, Pedro Cardoso Prado, Renato Quinhones, Rodrigo De Oliveira Lula Salles 2018. Regurgitating Micrurus corallinus (Serpentes, Elapidae) reveals another record for the rare Caecilia Chthonerpeton aff. braestrupi (Gymnophiona, Typhlonectidae). Herpetology Notes 11: 663-665 - get paper here
  • Hamdan, B. & R. M. Lira-da-Silva 2012. The snakes of Bahia State, northeastern Brazil: species richness, composition and biogeographical notes. Salamandra 48 (1): 31-50 - get paper here
  • Hoge,A.R. & Belluomini, H.E. 1959. ABERRAÇÔES CROMÂTICAS EM SERPENTES BRASILEIRAS. Mem. Inst. Butantan 28 [1957-1958]: 95-97 - get paper here
  • Marques R, Mebert K, Fonseca É, Rödder D, Solé M, Tinôco MS 2016. Composition and natural history notes of the coastal snake assemblage from Northern Bahia, Brazil. ZooKeys 611: 93-142. doi: 10.3897/zookeys.611.9529 - get paper here
  • Marques, O.A.V. 2002. Natural history of the coral snake Micrurus decoratus (Elapidae) from the Atlantic Forest in southeast Brazil, with comments on possible mimicry. Amphibia-Reptilia 23 (2): 228-232 - get paper here
  • Marques, Otavio A. V.;Sazima, Ivan 1997. Diet and feeding behavior of the Coral Snake, Micrurus corallinus, from the Atlantic forest of Brazil. Herpetological Natural History 5 (1): 88-93
  • Marques, R., D. Rödder, M. Solé & M. S. Tinôco 2017. Diversity and habitat use of snakes from the coastal Atlantic rainforest in northeastern Bahia, Brazil. Salamandra 53 (1): 34-43 - get paper here
  • Marques-Tozetti, Alexandro; Sergio Augusto Abrahão Morato, Renato Silveira Bérnils, Daniel Loebmann, Luís Felipe Toledo, Russell Gray, Omar M. Entiauspe-Neto 2021. Evolutionary dynamics shape two passive defensive mechanisms in Neotropical snake radiations. Phyllomedusa 20(1): 3-13 - get paper here
  • Merrem, B. 1820. Versuch eines Systems der Amphibien I (Tentamen Systematis Amphibiorum). J. C. Kriegeri, Marburg, 191 pp. - get paper here
  • Morato, Sérgio Augusto Abrahão; Renato Silveira Bérnils, Julio Cesar de Moura-Leite 2017. RÉPTEIS DE CURITIBA: COLETÂNEA DE REGISTROS Hori Consultoria, Curitiba, Paraná, Brasil, 99 pp.
  • Nogueira, Cristiano C.; Antonio J.S. Argôlo, Vanesa Arzamendia, Josué A. Azevedo, Fausto E. Barbo, Renato S. Bérnils, Bruna E. Bolochio, Marcio Borges-Martins, Marcela Brasil-Godinho, Henrique Braz, Marcus A. Buononato, Diego F. Cisneros-Heredia, 2019. Atlas of Brazilian snakes: verified point-locality maps to mitigate the Wallacean shortfall in a megadiverse snake fauna. South American J. Herp. 14 (Special Issue 1):1-274 - get paper here
  • Oliveira Lula Salles, R. de & Silva-Soares, T. 2010. Répteis do município de Duque de Caxias, Baixada Fluminense, Rio de Janeiro, Sudeste do Brasil. Biotemas, 23 (2): 135-144
  • Oliveira Lula Salles, R. de; Weber, L.N. & Silva-Soares, T. 2010. Reptiles, Squamata, Parque Natural Municipal da Taquara, municipality of Duque de Caxias, state of Rio de Janeiro, Southeastern Brazil. Check List 6 (2): 280-286 - get paper here
  • Oliveira, Jane C.F.; Rodrigo Castellari Gonzalez; Paulo Passos; Davor Vrcibradic & Carlos Frederico Duarte Rocha 2020. Non-Avian Reptiles of the state of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil: status of knowledge and commented list. Pap. Avulsos Zool. 60: e20206024 - get paper here
  • O’Shea, M. 2018. The Book of Snakes. Ivy Press / Quarto Publishing, London, - get paper here
  • Pontes, J.A.L.; Figueiredo, J.P., Pontes, RC. and Rocha, C.F.D. 2008. Snakes from the Atlantic Rainforest area of Serra do Mendanha, in Rio de Janeiro state, southeastern Brazil: a first approximation to the taxocenosis composition. Braz. J. Biol. 68(3): 601-609 - get paper here
  • Quelch, J.J. 1899. The poisonous snakes of British Guiana. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (7) 3: 402-409 - get paper here
  • Rojas-Padilla O, Menezes VQ, Dias IR, Argôlo AJS, Solé M, Orrico VGD 2020. Amphibians and reptiles of Parque Nacional da Serra das Lontras: an important center of endemism within the Atlantic Forest in southern Bahia, Brazil. ZooKeys 1002: 159-185 - get paper here
  • Roze, J. A. 1996. Coral Snakes of the Americas. Krieger, Malabar, Florida
  • Santiago, Diego Henrique 2021. New records of Micrurus corallinus (Merrem, 1820) preying on the anomalepidid snake Liotyphlops ternetzii (Boulenger, 1896) in the Atlantic Forest of southern Brazil. Herpetology Notes 14: 809-812 - get paper here
  • Schmidt, Karl P. 1936. Preliminary account of coral snakes of South America. Zoological Series of Field Museum of Natural History 20 (19): 189-203 - get paper here
  • Silva Jr, Nelson Jorge da; Marcus Augusto Buononato & Darlan Tavares Feitosa 2016. AS COBRAS-CORAIS DO NOVO MUNDO. In: Silva (ed) Cobras corais do Brasil. Goiânia, pp. 41-69
  • Silva, Luciana Lyra Casais E;Nunes, Tania Brazil 1996. Geographic Distribution. Micrurus corallinus. Herpetological Review 27 (1): 34 - get paper here
  • Silva-Banci, Karina Rodrigues da 2017. Feeding on elongate prey: additonal data for coral snake Micrurus corallinus (Elapidae) and comments on aposematism. Herpetology Notes 10: 335-338 - get paper here
  • Silva-Soares, T.; R.B. Ferreira; R.O.L. Salles; C.F.D. Rocha. 2011. Continental, insular and coastal marine reptiles from the municipality of Vitória, state of Espírito Santo, southeastern Brazil. Check List 7 (3): 290-298 - get paper here
  • Souza Filho, Gilberto Alves de; Fernanda Stender de Oliveira 2015. Squamate reptiles from Mauá Hydroelectric Power Plant, state of Paraná, southern Brazil. Check List 11 (6): 1800 - get paper here
  • Travaglia-Cardoso, Silvia Regina; Angélica Gomes da Silva, and Giuseppe Puorto 2021. CHAPTER 11. MAINTENANCE AND REPRODUCTIVE BEHAVIOR OF MICRURUS CORALLINUS IN CAPTIVITY. In: Nelson Jorge da Silva Jr. et al. (eds.) Advances in Coralsnake Biology. Eagle Mountain Publishing, pp. 353-370
  • Vrcibradic, D.; C.F.D. Rocha; M.C. Kiefer; F.H. Hatano; A.F. Fontes; M. Almeida-Gomes; C.C. Siqueira; J.A.L. Pontes; V.N.T. Borges-Junior; L.O. Gil; T. Klaion; E.C.N. Rubião; M. Sluys. 2011. Herpetofauna, Estação Ecológica Estadual do Paraíso, state of Rio de Janeiro, southeastern Brazil. Check List 7 (6): 745-749 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Zaher, Hussam; Fausto Erritto BarboI; Paola Sanchez Martínez; Cristiano Nogueira; Miguel Trefaut Rodrigues; Ricardo Jannini Sawaya 2011. Répteis do Estado de São Paulo: conhecimento atual e perspectivas. Biota Neotropica, 11 (1): 1–15. - get paper here
External links  
Is it interesting? Share with others:

Please submit feedback about this entry to the curator