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Micrurus diana ROZE, 1983

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Higher TaxaElapidae, Colubroidea, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Diana's Coral Snake
S: Coral Diana 
SynonymMicrurus frontalis diana ROZE 1983
Micrurus diana — ROZE 1994
Micrurus diana — ROZE 1996
Micrurus diana — DA SILVA & SITES 1999: 170
Micrurus diana — HARVEY et al. 2003: 10
Micrurus diana — WALLACH et al. 2014: 444 
DistributionBolivia (Serrania de Santiago, Serrania Huanchaca), Brazil (W Mato Grosso)

Type locality: vicinity of Santiago, Provincia Chiquiticos, Departamento Santa Cruz, Bolivia, 700 meters elevation. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous. 
TypesHolotype: FMNH 159889, a male, collected by Roy F. Steinbach, April 7 -20, 1973. 
CommentVenomous!

Diagnosis.—(1) Dorsal pattern of white, red, and black triads; (2) hemipenis and tail relatively short; (3) two supralabials entering orbit; (4) mental usually

separated from chinshields by medial contact of first pair of infralabials; (5) anal scale usually divided; (6) first triad complete; (7) first triad contacting parietal

tips; (8) parietals black with white edging; scales of snout either white with black edging or black with white edging (see remarks below); (9) scales of white rings edged in black and white rings with irregular black blotches; red rings nearly or completely immaculate; (10) white rings longest dorsally, constricted or broken ventrally by black rings; (11) chin mostly immaculate, red or red and white; (12) 9-11 triads on the body; (13) relative lengths of rings variable [HARVEY et al. 2003]. 
EtymologyAs the original description states: "Dedicated to' Diana, the goddess of forests, animals and moon who should be adored and invoked to protect the endangered nature, particularly animals." 
References
  • Da SILVA, N. J. JR. & J. W. JR. SITES 1999. Revision of the Micrurus frontalis complex (Serpentes: Elapidae). Herpetological Monographs 13: 142-194 - get paper here
  • Harvey M. B., J. Aparicio E, and L. Gonzalez A. 2003. Revision of the venomous snakes of Bolivia: Part 1. The coralsnakes (Elapidae: Micrurus). Annals of the Carnegie Museum 72: 1-52
  • Harvey, M. B., APARICIO, J., CORTEZ, C., GONZÁLES, L., GUERRA, J. F., MONTAÑO, M. E. & PÉREZ, M. E. 1998. Reptile and amphibian species of Parque Nacional Noel Kempff Mercado. In: Killeen, T. J. & T. S. Schulenberg (eds). A biological assessment of Parque Nacional Noel Kempff Mercado, Bolivia. Conservation International Washington. Rap Working Papers 10: 348-355.
  • Pires, M.G.; D.T. Feitosa; A.L.C. Prudente; N.J. Silva Jr. 2013. First record of Micrurus diana Roze, 1983 (Serpentes: Elapidae) for Brazil and extension of its distribution in Bolivia, with notes on morphological variation. Check List 9 (6):1556-1560 - get paper here
  • Roze, J. A. 1983. New World coral snakes (Elapidae): a taxonomic and biological summary. Mem. Inst. Butantan 46: 305-338 [1982] - get paper here
  • Roze, J. A. 1996. Coral Snakes of the Americas. Krieger, Malabar, Florida
  • Roze, J.A. 1994. Notes on the taxonomy of venomous coral snakes (Elapidae) of South America. Bull. Maryland Herp. Soc. 30: 177-185.
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
 
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