Micrurus diana ROZE, 1983
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|Higher Taxa||Elapidae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)|
|Common Names||E: Diana's Coral Snake|
S: Coral Diana
Portuguese: Cobra-Coral, Coral, Coral-Verdadeira
|Synonym||Micrurus frontalis diana ROZE 1983|
Micrurus diana — ROZE 1994
Micrurus diana — ROZE 1996
Micrurus diana — DA SILVA & SITES 1999: 170
Micrurus diana — HARVEY et al. 2003: 10
Micrurus diana — WALLACH et al. 2014: 444
Micrurus diana — NOGUEIRA et al. 2019
|Distribution||Bolivia (Serrania de Santiago, Serrania Huanchaca), Brazil (W Mato Grosso)|
Type locality: vicinity of Santiago, Provincia Chiquiticos, Departamento Santa Cruz, Bolivia, 700 meters elevation.
|Types||Holotype: FMNH 195889, a male, collected by Roy F. Steinbach, April 7 -20, 1973.|
|Diagnosis||Diagnosis. (1) Dorsal pattern of white, red, and black triads; (2) hemipenis and tail relatively short; (3) two supralabials entering orbit; (4) mental usually separated from chinshields by medial contact of first pair of infralabials; (5) anal scale usually divided; (6) first triad complete; (7) first triad contacting parietal tips; (8) parietals black with white edging; scales of snout either white with black edging or black with white edging (see remarks below); (9) scales of white rings edged in black and white rings with irregular black blotches; red rings nearly or completely immaculate; (10) white rings longest dorsally, constricted or broken ventrally by black rings; (11) chin mostly immaculate, red or red and white; (12) 9-11 triads on the body; (13) relative lengths of rings variable [HARVEY et al. 2003].|
Diagnosis: Micrurus diana is a triadal coralsnake with a white snout, including the prefrontals, preoculars, anterior 3-4 supralabials (all black bordered or with irregular black markings) and the anterior 3 of the frontal and supraoculars. The head is black with the parietals showing very little reduction on the sides (Fig. 24). All temporals, posterior 3-4 supralabials are red (immaculate). Inferiorly, the chin is white from mental to anterior genials and 3 anterior infralabials. Some irregular black markings may be present, and the remainder is red. The first triad is always fused with the posterior end of the parietals (fixed character). The white rings are longer than the black ones which tend to be semiequal in length (Table 2). The white rings are mildly black-tipped, and the red rings are immaculate. Triads range from 10 to 11 (Table 1, from Silva & Sites 1999: 170).
|Etymology||As the original description states: "Dedicated to' Diana, the goddess of forests, animals and moon who should be adored and invoked to protect the endangered nature, particularly animals."|
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