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Micrurus mosquitensis SCHMIDT, 1933

IUCN Red List - Micrurus mosquitensis - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaElapidae, Colubroidea, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common Names 
SynonymMicrurus nigrocinctus mosquitensis K.P. SCHMIDT 1933
Micrurus nigrocinctus mosquitensis — SCHMIDT 1955
Micrurus mosquitensis - MUDDE & VAN DIJK 1985
Micrurus nigrocinctus mosquitensis — WELCH 1994: 87
Micrurus mosquitensis — SOLÓRZANO 2004
Micrurus mosquitensis — PORRAS & SOLÓRZANO 2006 
DistributionAtlantic coasts of Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama

Type locality: Limon, Costa Rica. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous. 
TypesHolotype: MCZ 
CommentSynonymy: listed as synonym of Micrurus nigrocinctus by WALLACH et al. 2014: 450.

Diagnosis. A coral snake with black, yellow, and red rings, not arranged in triads; supra-anal tubercles strongly developed in males; ventrals 182-194 in males, 203-209 in females; black rings 4-6 ventrals wide, 10 to 19 on the body, averaging 12 in males and 13 in females; black caudal rings 4-7 in males, 3-4 in females; yellow zones well developed; scales in red zones uniformly tipped with black.

Differs from M. n. nigrocinctus in its lower number of ventrals, lower number of black rings, and broader yellow zones; from M. n. divaricatus by the lower ventral count and the uniform distribution of black in the red zones [from SCHMIDT 1933]. 
References
  • McConnell, G.J. 2013. A field guide to the snakes of Costa Rica. Edition Chimaira, 233 pp. [review in Reptilia 114: 74, 2015]
  • Mudde, P, & VAN DIJK, M. 1985. Herpetologische waarnemingen in Costa Rica (13). Slangen (Serpentes). Lacerta 43: 176-180. - get paper here
  • Porras, L.W. & Solórzano, A. 2006. Costa Rica’s venomous snakes. Reptilia (GB) (48): 11-17 - get paper here
  • Schmidt, K. P. 1933. Preliminary account of the coral snakes of Central America and Mexico. Field Mus. Nat. Hist. Zool. Ser. 20: 29-40. - get paper here
  • Schmidt, Karl P. 1955. Coral snakes of the genus Micrurus in Colombia. Fieldiana Zoology 34 (34): 337-359 - get paper here
  • Solorzano, A. 2004. Serpientes de Costa Rica - Snakes of Costa Rica. Editorial INBio, Costa Rica, 792 pp.
  • Welch, K. R. G. 1994. Snakes of the World. A Checklist. I. Venomous snakes. KCM Books, Somerset, England.
 
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