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Micrurus nigrocinctus (GIRARD, 1854)

IUCN Red List - Micrurus nigrocinctus - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaElapidae, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
SubspeciesMicrurus nigrocinctus babaspul ROZE 1967
Micrurus nigrocinctus coibensis SCHMIDT 1936
Micrurus nigrocinctus divaricatus (HALLOWELL 1855)
Micrurus nigrocinctus nigrocinctus (GIRARD 1854)
Micrurus nigrocinctus ovandoensis SCHMIDT & SMITH 1943
Micrurus nigrocinctus wagneri MERTENS 1941
Micrurus nigrocinctus zunilensis SCHMIDT 1932 
Common NamesE: Central American Coral Snake
G: Schwarzgebänderte Korallenotter, Mittelamerikanische Korallenotter 
SynonymElaps nigrocinctus GIRARD 1854
Elaps fulvius var. nigrocinctus — GARMAN 1884: 106
Micrurus pachecoi - TAYLOR 1951
Micrurus nigrocinctus — LINER 1994
Micrurus nigrocinctus — SAVAGE 2002
Micrurus nigrocinctus — MATA-SILVA et al. 2015
Micrurus nigrocinctus — WALLACH et al. 2014: 450

Micrurus nigrocinctus babaspul ROZE 1967
Micrurus nigrocinctus babaspul — WELCH 1994: 87

Micrurus nigrocinctus coibensis K.P.SCHMIDT 1936
Micrurus nigrocinctus coibensis K.P.SCHMIDT 1936
Micrurus nigrocinctus coibensis — WELCH 1994: 87

Micrurus nigrocinctus divaricatus (HALLOWELL 1855)
Elaps divaricatus HALLOWELL 1855: 36
Micrurus nigrocinctus divaricatus — SCHMIDT 1933
Micrurus nigrocinctus divaricatus — WELCH 1994: 87

Micrurus nigrocinctus nigrocinctus (GIRARD 1854)
Elaps nigrocinctus GIRARD 1854 (1855: 226)
Elaps fulvius BOULENGER 1896
Micrurus nigrocinctus nigrocinctus — WELCH 1994: 87

Micrurus nigrocinctus ovandoensis SCHMIDT & SMITH 1943
Micrurus nigrocinctus ovandoensis SCHMIDT & SMITH 1943

Micrurus nigrocinctus wagneri MERTENS 1941
Micrurus nigrocinctus wagneri MERTENS 1941

Micrurus nigrocinctus zunilensis K.P.SCHMIDT 1932
Micrurus nigrocinctus zunilensis K.P.SCHMIDT 1932
Micrurus nigrocinctus zunilensis — SMITH 1942: 454
Micrurus nigrocinctus zunilensis — LIVEZEY & PECKHAM 1953
Micrurus nigrocinctus zunilensis — WELCH 1994: 87 
DistributionMexico (Oaxaca, Chiapas, Yucatan), Belize, Guatemala,
Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama,
Colombia, W Caribbean; elevation (Honduras): 0-1600 m

nigrocinctus: Pacific coasts of Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama, N Colombia

babaspul: Nicaragua (Corn Islands)

coibensis: Panama (Coiba Island); Type locality: Coiba Island, Panama.

divaricatus: Belize, N/C Honduras; Type locality: Honduras;

ovandoensis: Mexico (Chiapas). Type locality: Salto de Agua, Mount Ovando, about fifteen miles northeast of Escuintla, Chiapas. Altitude 1,200 feet elevation.

zunilensis: Pacific coasts of Mexico (Chiapas), Guatemala, El Salvador, S Honduras; Type locality: Finca El Cipres, lower slopes of Volcan Zunil, Suchitepequez, Guatemala.

Type locality: "Taboga Island, Bay of Panama, Panama" (Girard, C. 1854) Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous. 
TypesSyntypes: USNM 7347 (2)
Holotype: CAS 66001 [zunilensis]
Holotype: ANSP 6843 [divaricatus] 
CommentThe validity of several subspecies is questionable (see VENCES et al. 1998 and Villa 1984). Records from Belize remain to be confirmed; this snake probably does not occur in Belize (Stafford 1999). Micrurus nigrocinctus zunilensis is mimicked by Pliocercus elapoides (see figures in SMITH & CHISZAR 2001). Micrurus nigrocinctus mosquitensis SCHMIDT 1933 has been elevated to full species status.

Venomous!

Max. total length: 1 m

Relative abundance in Honduras: common

Similar species: M. dumerilii. 
References
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  • Guerra Centeno, Dennis; Héctor Fuentes Rousselin & David Morán Villatoro 2012. Serpientes de Guatemala: Guía para didentificación de especies. Universidad de San Carlos de Guatemala, 186 pp.
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  • McNish, T. 2011. La fauna del archipiélago de San Andrés, Providencia y Santa Catalina, Colombia, Sudamérica. Colomba Andina de Impresos, ISBN 978-958-99518-1-1
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  • Prairie, Aaron; Kathryn Chandler, Patty Ruback, and Julie M. Ray 2015. Dumeril’s Coralsnake (Micrurus dumerilii Jan, 1858) in Panama Mesoamerican Herpetology 2 (3): 253–259 - get paper here
  • Rovito, Sean Michael; Thomas James Devitt, Susan Cameron Devitt 2015. First survey of the amphibians and reptiles of the Nectandra Cloud Forest Reserve, Alajuela, Costa Rica. Check List 11 (2): 1570 - get paper here
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  • Schmidt, K. P. 1933. Preliminary account of the coral snakes of Central America and Mexico. Field Mus. Nat. Hist. Zool. Ser. 20: 29-40. - get paper here
  • Schmidt, K. P. 1936. Notes on Central American and Mexican coral snakes. Field Mus. Nat. Hist. Zool. Ser. 20: 205-216. - get paper here
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  • Smith, Hobart M. 1942. Summary of the collections of snakes and crocodilians made in Mexico under the Walter Rathbone Bacon Traveling Scholarship. Proceeding of the U. S. National Museum, 93 (3169): 393-504 - get paper here
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