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Micrurus scutiventris (COPE, 1869)

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Higher TaxaElapidae, Colubroidea, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesPigmy black-backed coralsnake 
SynonymElaps scutiventris COPE 1869: 156
Leptomicrurus schmidti HOGE & ROMANO-HOGE 1966
Micrurus karlschmidti HOGE & ROMANO-HOGE 1972
Leptomicrurus scutiventris ROZE & BERNAL-CARLO 1987
Leptomicrurus schmidti — WELCH 1994: 73
Micrurus scutiventris — SLOWINSKI 1995
Micrurus scutiventris — SLOWINSKI et al. 2001
Leptomicrurus scutiventris — CAMPBELL & LAMAR 2004: 130
Micrurus scutiventris — WALLACH et al. 2014: 453 
DistributionBrazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru

Type locality: "Pebas on the Amazon in Equador. [=Departamento Loreto, NE Perú].  
Reproductionoviparous. 
TypesHolotype: ANSP 6801, a 445 female (J. Orton). 
Diagnosis 
CommentVenomous! 
EtymologyEtymology: Latin from scuti- a shield or scale and venter meaning belly; scutiventris, one with ventral scales, probably alludes to the relatively high number of ventrals in this species.
The names schmidti and karlschmidti are dedications to Karl P. Schmidt, the late curator of herpetology at the Field Museum of Natural History Chicago. 
References
  • Campbell, J.A. & Lamar, W.W. 1989. The Venomous Reptiles of Latin America. Comstock Publishing/Cornell University Press, Ithaca
  • Campbell, Jonathan A. and William W. Lamar 2004. The Venomous Reptiles of the Western Hemisphere, 2 vols. Comstock (Cornell University Press), Ithaca, NY, 962 pp. [review in Science 305: 182]
  • Cope, E.D. 1870. Seventh contribution to the herpetology of tropical America. Proc. Amer. Philos. Soc. 11: 147-169 [1869] - get paper here
  • Hoge, A.R. & ROMANO,S. 1966. Leptomicrurus in Brasil (Serpentes: Elapidae). Mem. Inst. Butantan 32 [1965]: 1-8 - get paper here
  • Hoge,A.R. & ROMANO,S. 1973. Sinopse das serpentes peçonhentas do Brasil. Serpentes, Elapidae e Viperidae. Mem. Inst. Butantan 36 [1972]: 109-207 - get paper here
  • Roze, Janis A. & Bernal-Carlo, Amanda 1987. Las serpientes corales venenonas del género Leptomicrurus (Serpentes, Elapidae) de Suramérica con descripción de una nueva subespecie. Bollettino del Museo Regionale di Scienze Naturali, Torino 5 (2): 573-608 [1988]
  • Slowinski, Joseph B.; Boundy, Jeff & Lawson,R. 2001. The phylogenetic relationships of Asian coral snakes (Elapidae: Calliophis and Maticora) based on morphological and molecular characters. Herpetologica 57 (2): 233-245 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
 
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