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Mochlus guineensis (PETERS, 1879)

IUCN Red List - Mochlus guineensis - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Lygosominae, Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common Names 
SynonymEuprepes (Tiliqua) guineensis PETERS 1879: 773
Euprepes chaperi VAILLANT 1884: 169
Euprepes chaperi — BOULENGER 1887
Riopa guineense — SMITH 1937: 228
Mochlus guineensis — MITTLEMAN 1952: 25
Mochlus sundevalli guineensis — HOOGMOED 1980
Lygosoma guineense — GREER et al 1985
Lygosoma guineensis — BAUER et al. 1995: 61
Mochlus guineensis — SCHMITZ 1999 (pers. comm.)
Lygosoma guineensis — LEACHÉ et al. 2006
Lygosoma guineensis — CHIRIO & LEBRETON 2007
Mochlus guineensis — RÖDEL & SCHMITZ 2010 (IUCN)
Lygosoma chaperi — HEDGES (pers. comm. 14 May 2012)
Mochlus guineensis — TRAPE, CHIRIO & TRAPE 2012 
DistributionGuinea (Conakry), Ivory Coast, Ghana, Togo, Benin, Nigeria, Cameroon, Central African Republic ?, Zaire ?

Type locality: “Accra [Ghana] (Westafrica)”.

chaperi: Ivory Coast; Type locality: “ à Oulougoulou, Effirou,Kinjabo, Couacrou et dans les plantations de café d'Élima.” There is an “Élima” in Ivory Coast, but not Ghana (= 5°14'N, 3°12'W, Côte d'Ivoire near the Atlantic coast and Ghana)  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesSyntypes: ZMB 8582
Syntypes: MNHN-RA 6456, 2007.2444-46 [chaperi] 
Diagnosis 
CommentDistribution: Not listed by LeBreton 1999. Not listed by BROADLEY & POYNTON 1998 for the Democratic Republic of the Congo (Zaire). Not in East Africa (i.e. Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi fide S. Spawls, pers. comm., 28 June 2018).

Synonymy: Euprepes has been synonymized with Mabuya by BOULENGER (1887). BRYGOO 1985 listed Euprepes chaperi as a synonym of Riopa sundevalli following BOULENGER 1887. Monard 1940 also described a “Mabuia guineensis n. sp.” from Guinea-Bissau, but that may be a homonym of unclear status.

Original description: “7. Euprepes Chaperi, n. sp. Scincoïdien tout d'une venue, forme générale du Gongylus ocellatus; membres et queue proportionnellement courts. Écailles ventrales, du menton à l'anus, sur 60 à 62 rangées; on en compte 28 sur une rangée transversale au milieu du corps. Parties supérieures d'un brun rougeâtre; un dessin en quinconce formé par des taches noires placées à l'extrémité de chaque écaille; côtés du cou d'une teinte sombre avec des taches blanches ocellées, mêlées de noir, plus ou moins complètement; parties inférieures pâles , des taches sombres sous la queue (d'après l'individu conservé dans l'alcool). La distinction des espèces dans le genvçi Euprepes et, en général, chez les Scincoïdiens gongyliformes, présente, on le sait, de très grandes difficultés ; Euprepes Chaperi paraît voisin des E. Femandi, Gray et E. loeviceps, Peters; il en diffère toutefois par la coloration et ses membres beaucoup moins développés. Trouvé dans les plantations d'Élima, où il est très commun.” [from VAILLANT 1884] 
EtymologyNamed after the type locality. Euprepes chaperi was named after Maurice Armand Chaper (1834−1896), an engineer, geologist (he worked on the Panama Canal project) and a paleontologist. Mr. Chaper collected the types during travel made in February and March 1882 in the former French Protectorate of Côte d’Or (southeastern Ivory Coast). 
References
  • Bauer, A.M.; Günther,R. & Klipfel,M. 1995. The herpetological contributions of Wilhelm C.H. Peters (1815-1883). SSAR Facsimile Reprints in Herpetology, 714 pp.
  • Brygoo, E.R. 1985. Les types des scincidés (Reptiles, Sauriens) du Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle, catalogue critique. Bull. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat. (4e sér.) 7 (sect. A 3), suppl.: 1-126
  • Chirio, L. & Lebreton, M. 2007. Atlas des reptiles du Cameroun. MNHN, IRD, Paris 688 pp.
  • Greer A E; Grandison A G C; Barbault R 1985. A new species of Lygosoma (Lacertilia: Scincidae) from west Africa, with comments on its biology. Journal of Herpetology 19 (3): 365-372 - get paper here
  • Hoogmoed, M.S. 1980. Herpetologische waarnemingen in Ghana [part 5]. Lacerta 38 (7): 62-65 - get paper here
  • INEICH, IVAN; JEAN-FRANÇOIS TRAPE 2017. Euprepes chaperi Vaillant, 1884, a junior subjective synonym of Mochlus guineensis (W. Peters, 1879) (Scincidae, Lygosominae). Zootaxa 4232 (4): 585–587 - get paper here
  • Leaché, Adam D.; Mark-Oliver Rödel, Charles W. Linkem, Raul E. Diaz, Annika Hillers, and Matthew K. Fujita 2006. Biodiversity in a forest island: reptiles and amphibians of the Togo Hills, Kyabobo National Park, Ghana. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 4 (1): 22-45 - get paper here
  • LeBreton, Matthew 1999. A working checklist of the herpetofauna of Cameroon. Netherlands Committee for IUCN, 160 pp.
  • Monard, ALBERT 1940. Résultats de la mission du Dr. Monard en Guinée Portugaise 1937 – 1938. Arq. Mus. Bocage, Lisbon 11: 147-182
  • Peters, Wilhem Carl Hartwig 1879. Neue oder Weniger bekannte Eidechsenarten aus der Familie der Scinciden (Eumeces güntheri, Euprepes notabilis, Ablepharus rutilus). Sitzungsber. Ges. Naturf. Freunde Berlin 1879 (3): 35-37 - get paper here
  • Rödel,M. O., Grabow,K., Hallermann,J. & Böckheler,C. 1997. Die Echsen des Comoé-Nationalparks, Elfenbeinküste. Salamandra 33 (4): 225-240 - get paper here
  • Segniagbeto, Gabriel Hoinsoude; Jean-François Trape, Komlan M. Afiademanyo, Mark-Oliver Rödel, Annemarie Ohler, Alain Dubois, Patrick David, Danny Meirte, Isabelle Adolé Glitho, Fabio Petrozzi, and Luca Luiselli 2015. Checklist of the lizards of Togo (West Africa), with comments on systematics, distribution, ecology, and conservation. Zoosystema 37 (2): 381-402 - get paper here
  • Smith,M.A. 1937. A review of the genus Lygosoma (Scincidae: Reptilia) and its allies. Records of the Indian Museum 39 (3): 213-234
  • Trape, J.F.; Trape, S. & Chirio, L. 2012. Lézards, crocodiles et tortues d'Afrique occidentale et du Sahara. IRD Orstom, 503 pp. - get paper here
  • Ullenbruch, K.; Grell, O.; Böhme, W. 2010. Reptiles from southern Benin, West Africa, with the description of a new Hemidactylus (Gekkonidae), and a country-wide checklist. Bonn Zool. Bull. 57 (1): 31-54 - get paper here
  • Vaillant,L. 1884. Note sur une collection de Reptiles rapportée d'Assinie par M. Chaper. Bull. Soc. Philom. Paris (7) 8: 168-171 - get paper here
  • Wagner, Philipp; Wolfgang Böhme; Olivier S. G. Pauwels & Andreas Schmitz 2009. A review of the African red-flanked skinks of the Lygosoma fernandi (BURTON, 1836) species group (Squamata: Scincidae) and the role of climate change in their speciation. Zootaxa 2050: 1-30 - get paper here
 
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