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Montatheris hindii (BOULENGER, 1910)

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Higher TaxaViperidae, Viperinae, Serpentes (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesKenya Montane Viper 
SynonymVipera hindii BOULENGER 1910: 513
Bitis hindii BOULENGER 1910
Vipera hindii — LOVERIDGE 1936: 44
Hindius hindii — REUSS 1939 (nom. nud.)
Atheris hindii — MARX & RABB 1965
Atheris hindii — WELCH 1994: 21
Montatheris hindii - BROADLEY 1996
Montatheris hindii — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 386
Montatheris hindii — DOBIEY & VOGEL 2007 
DistributionKenya (Mt. Kenya and the Aberdare range), elevation up to 3500 m.

Type locality: Aberdare Mountains, Kenya Colony; Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
TypesHolotype: BMNH 1946.1.18.10 (formerly BMNH 1908.9.17.7). 
CommentVenomous!

Loveridge (1957) described the range as "The Kingangpop and Aberdare Mountains, Kenya". Other authors (Welch, 1982; Pook, 1990) have repeated this. Spawls (1990) found this to be literally incorrect since Kingangpop is not a mountain range, but rather an area of plateau and valley that lie 500 m below and to the southwest of the Aberdare moorlands. Spawls stated that while there are no records of M. hindii from this region it is not impossible that it is found there. An area of montane forest/dwarf bamboo lies between the summits of the Aberdares and Kingangpop and may act as a natural barrier (Spawls 1990; cited after M. Jacobi, pers. comm.) 
Etymologynamed after the collector, Mr. S.L. Hinde. 
References
  • Angel, Fernand 1925. Résultats Scientifiques. Vertebrata. Reptiles et Batraciens. [Mabuia (Mabuiopsis) jeanneli, Lygosoma graueri quinquedigitata, Ablepharus massaiensis]. In: Voyage de Ch. Alluaud et R. Jeannel en Afrique Orientale (1911-1912). - Paris, 2: 1-63.
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1910. Descriptions of four new African snakes in the British Museum. [Helicops gendri]. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (8) 5: 512- 513 - get paper here
  • Broadley, D.G. 1996. A review of the tribe Atherini (Serpentes: Viperidae), with the descriptions of two new genera. African Journal of Herpetology 45: 40-48. - get paper here
  • Dobiey, M. & Vogel, G. 2007. Venomous Snakes of Africa/Giftschlangen Afrikas. Terralog 15, Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt am Main, 150 pp.
  • Ionides, CJ.P. & C.R.S. PITMAN 1965. Notes on two East-African venomous snake populations: Echis carinatus pyramidium (Geoffroy), Egyptian Saw-Scaled Viper and Vipera hindii Boulenger, Montane Viper. J. E. Afr. nat. Hist. Soc. natn. Mus. 25 (2-111): 116-121.
  • Kramer, E. 1961. Uber zwei afrikanische Zwergpuffottem, Bitis hindii (Boulenger, 1910) und Bitis superciliaris (Peters, 1854). Vierteljschr. naturf. Ges. Zürich 106: 419-423.
  • Loveridge, Arthur 1929. East African reptiles and amphibians in the United States National Museum. Bull. US Natl. Mus. (151): 1-135 - get paper here
  • Loveridge,A. 1936. African reptiles and amphibians in the Field Museum of Natural History. Zool. Ser. Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Chicago, 22 (1): 1-122 - get paper here
  • Mallow, D. Ludwig, D. & Nilson, G. 2003. True Vipers: Natural History and Toxinology of Old World Vipers. Krieger, Malabar, Florida, 410 pp. [review in HR 35: 200, Reptilia 35: 74]
  • Marx, H. & G.B. RABB 1965. Relationships and zoogeography of the viperine snakes (Family Viperidae). Fieldiana: Zoology 44 (21): 161-206 - get paper here
  • McDiarmid,R.W.; Campbell,J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • Meek, Seth Eugene;Cory, Charles B. 1910. Batrachians and reptiles from British East Africa. Publication of the Field Museum of Natural history 7 (11): 403-414 - get paper here
  • Phelps, T. 2010. Old World Vipers. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 558 pp. [critical review in Sauria 33 (3): 19 and HR 43: 503]
  • Reuss,T. 1939. Berichtigungen und Ergänzungen zu meinen Arbeiten über Toxicophidier, 1938. Z. Aquar. Terr. Ver. 1: 14
  • Spawls, S. 1990. Further comments on Atheris. Br. herpetol. Soc. Bull. 34: 44-45
  • Spawls, S.; Howell, K.; Drewes, R.C. & Ashe, J. 2002. A field guide to the reptiles of East Africa. Academic Press, 543 pp. [reviews in HR 34: 396 and Afr. J. Herp. 51; 147]
 
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