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Morelia viridis (SCHLEGEL, 1872)

IUCN Red List - Morelia viridis - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaPythonidae, Henophidia, Pythonoidea, Serpentes (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Green tree python
G: Grüner Baumpython 
SynonymPython viridis SCHLEGEL 1872: 54
Chondropython azureus MEYER 1874: 134
Chondropython pulcher SAUVAGE 1878: 37
Chondropython viridis — BOULENGER 1893: 90
Chondropython viridis — DE ROOIJ 1917: 29
Chondropython viridis — STIMSON 1969
Morelia viridis — KLUGE 1993
Morelia viridis — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 175
Chondropython viridis — COGGER 2000: 603
Morelia viridis — KIVIT & WISEMAN 2000
Chondropython viridis shireenae HOSER 2003
Chondropython viridis adelynhoserae HOSER 2009
Morelia viridis — SCHLEIP & O’SHEA 2010 
DistributionIndonesia (Aru I, Irian Jaya), Papua New Guinea, Island of Gag, Australia (NE Cape York Peninsula of Queensland)

Type locality: Aru (as Aroe) Islands, Indonesia.

Synonyms:

azureus: Type locality: Biak Island

adelynhoserae: Type locality: Normanby Island, d’Entrecasteaux Archipelago, Milne Bay Province, Papua New Guinea. Holotype: AM R129716.

shireenae: Type locality: Cape York, Queensland, Australia.Holotype: NMV D51862. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
TypesSyntypes: RMNH 4672 (2 specimens) 
CommentKIVIT & WISEMAN (2005) report a hybrid between M. viridis and M. spilota cheynei. See Switak (2006) for a collection of photos of color variants.

Hoser (2003) diagnoses Chondropython viridis shireenae ssp. nov. as “the only Green Pythons (C. viridis) found on mainland Australia and can be separated from all other C. viridis on this basis. In the absence of good locality data, the subspecies is best separated from other C. viridis by comparative DNA analysis [missing in Hoser’s paper], which has already been successfully used to separate this subspecies. Australian C. viridis have as adults, white or other markings along the vertebra and few other markings, whereas those from elsewhere do not always have this trait. Hence this is a diagnostic character for Australian specimens of C. viridis.”

Based on Hoser’s 2003 paper, the status of this subspecies remains uncertain.

M. azureus was resurrected from the synonymy of M. viridis by Hoser (2009). Rawlings and Donnellan (2003) also revealed the existence of two species, one from north of the central cordillera, the other from the south, including the Aru Island and Australian populations. However, further studies are required to establish the validity of these clades.

Reproduction: oviparous. 
References
  • Arth, Steven und Sandra Baus 2006. Der Grüne Baumpython (Morelia viridis) Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 64 pp. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G. A. 1879. Observations sur le genre Chondropython. Bull. Soc. Zool. France 1879: 146-147
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1893. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. London (Taylor & Francis), 448 pp. - get paper here
  • Bullian, J. 2012. Einige ergänzende Hinweise zum Artikel über das mysteriöse Absterben schlupfreifer Jungtiere des Grünen Baumpythons. Terraria Elaphe 2012 (5): 94-95
  • Cogger,H.G. 2000. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 6th ed. Ralph Curtis Publishing, Sanibel Island, 808 pp.
  • Daniel Sickmann 2010. Anmerkungen zur Haltung und Zucht des Grünen Baumpythons (Morelia viridis) Ophidia 4 (1): 2
  • de Rooij, N. DE 1917. The Reptiles of the Indo-Australian Archipelago. Il. Ophidia. Leiden (E. J. Brill), xiv + 334 S.
  • Hoffmann, M. & Motz, M 2011. Grüner Baumpython - Morelia viridis. Natur und Tier-Verlag, 263 pp. - get paper here
  • Hoser, R. 2003. A reclassification of the pythoninae including the descriptions of two new genera, two new species and nine new subspecies. Part I. [see also part II.] Crocodilian 4 (3) (November 2003): 31-37 - get paper here
  • Hoser, R. 2003. Five new pythons. Macarthur Herpetological Society Newsletter, 40: 4-9. - get paper here
  • Hoser, R. 2009. Creationism and contrived science: a review of recent python systematics papers and the resolution of issues of taxonomy and nomenclature. Australasian Journal of Herpetology 2: 1-34 - get paper here
  • Kaiser, H.; Crother, B.I.; Kelly, C.M.R.; Luiselli, L.; O’Shea, M.; Ota, H.; Passos, P.; Schleip, W. 2013. Best Practices: In the 21st Century, Taxonomic Decisions in Herpetology are Acceptable Only When Supported by a Body of Evidence and Published via Peer-Review. Herpetological Review 44 (1): 8-23
  • Kivit, R. & Wiseman, S. 2000. The Green Tree Python & Emerald Tree Boa. Kirschner und Seufer Verlag, Keltern-Weiler, 126 pp. - get paper here
  • Kivit, R. & Wiseman, S. 2005. Grüner Baumpython und Grüne Hundskopfboa. Kirschner und Seufer Verlag, Keltern-Weiler, 174 pp.
  • Kroneis, M. 2012. Der Grüne Baumpython: vom mysteriösen Absterben schlupfreifer Jungtiere. Terraria Elaphe 2012 (4): 33-43
  • Kroneis, Michèl 2010. Der Grüne Baumpython – durch Naturbrut zum Erfolg Draco 11 (44): 38-59 - get paper here
  • Laita, Mark 2013. Serpentine. Abrams and PQ Blackwell, Auckland, New Zealand, 200 unnumbered pages
  • Maxwell, G. 2006. Morelia viridis. Reptilia (GB) (44): 39-42 - get paper here
  • Maxwell, G. 2007. Die häufigsten Haltungsprobleme beim Grünen Baumpython (Morelia viridis). Reptilia (Münster) 12 (67): 77-81 - get paper here
  • McDiarmid,R.W.; Campbell,J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • Meyer,A.B. 1874. [Eine Mittheilung von Hrn. Dr. Adolf Meyer] über die von ihm auf Neu-Guinea und den Inseln Jobi, Mysore und Mafoor im Jahre 1873 gesammelten Amphibien. Monatsber. K. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin 1874: 128-140 - get paper here
  • Mutton, Nick 2012. Paradoxism. [color morphs] HerpNation 2.5 (8): 12-17 - get paper here
  • Rawlings, Lesley H. and Stephen C. Donnellan 2003. Phylogeographic analysis of the green python, Morelia viridis, reveals cryptic diversity. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 27 (1): 36-44 - get paper here
  • Sauvage, H. E., 1878. Eassai sur la faune herpetologique de la Nouvelle-Guinee, suivi de la description de quelques especes nouvelles ou peu connues. Bulletin des Sciences, par la Sociétè Philomathique de Paris 2: 25-44. - get paper here
  • Schlegel,H. 1872. De direntium van het Koninklijk zoologisch Genootschap Natura Artis Magistra te Amsterdam, Reptilia. Amsterdam, 64 pp. [54] - get paper here
  • Schleip, Wulf D & O’Shea, M. 2010. Annotated checklist of the recent and extinct pythons (Serpentes, Pythonidae), with notes on nomenclature, taxonomy, and distribution. ZooKeys 66 (2010) : 29-79 - get paper here
  • Schröder,H. 1982. Ein ergänzender Nachweis zum Vorkommen von Chondropython viridis (Reptilia: Serpentes: Boidae). Salamandra 18 (3/4): 359-360
  • Switak, Karl H. 1995. The emerald serpents of New Guinea (Part 1) Reptiles 2 (6): 76-99
  • Switak, Karl H. 1996. Die Lebensgewohnheiten des Grünen Baumpythons TI Magazin (129): 48-51
  • Switak, Karl H. 2006. Adventures in Green Python Country. Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 364 pp. - get paper here
  • Weier, M. 2005. Naturbrut mit 100 Prozent Schlupfrate bei Morelia viridis (SCHLEGEL 1872). Elaphe 13 (1): 31-40
  • Wilson, D.; R. Heinsohn1 & J. Wood 2006. Life-history traits and ontogenetic colour change in an arboreal tropical python, Morelia viridis. Journal of Zoology 270: 399–407
  • Wilson, David; Heinsohn, Robert. 2007. Geographic range, population structure and conservation status of the green python (Morelia viridis), a popular snake in the captive pet trade. Australian Journal of Zoology 55 (3):147-154 - get paper here
  • Wilson,S. & Swan, G. 2010. A complete guide to reptiles of Australia, 3rd ed. Chatswood: New Holland, 558 pp.
  • Winchell, S. 2009. Pythons Australiens. Reptilia (Münster) 14 (79): 16-27 - get paper here
 
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