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Morunasaurus annularis (O’SHAUGHNESSY, 1881)

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Higher TaxaHoplocercidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Common NamesE: ringed manticores, Ringed Spinytail Iguana
S: mantícoras de anillos 
SynonymHoplocercus annularis O’SHAUGHNESSY 1881: 244
Hoplocercus annularis — BOULENGER 1885: 200
Morunasaurus annularis — DUNN 1933
Morunasaurus annularis — PETERS & DONOSO-BARROS 1970: 204
Morunasaurus annularis — CORREDOR & RENJIFO 1985
Morunasaurus annularis — LEHR 2002: 202
Morunasaurus annularis — TORRES-CARVAJAL et al. 2011 
DistributionEcuador (Amazonas), S Colombia

Type locality: Canelos, Ecuador, 1°34'60''S, 77°45'W, 631 m elevation.  
TypesHolotype: BMNH 1946.8.10.35 
CommentNot in Peru fide TORRES-CARVAJAL et al. (2008) 
EtymologyNamed after the diminutive form (“annul-”) of Latin “anus” = ring. 
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Vol. 2, Second edition. London, xiii+497 pp. - get paper here
  • Corredor,V. & Renjifo,J.M. 1985. Discovery of Morunasaurus groi DUNN (Sauria: Iguanidae) in Northwestern Colombia. Journal of Herpetology 19 (1): 162-164 - get paper here
  • Dunn,E.R. 1933. Amphibians and reptiles from El Valle de Antón, Panamá. Occ. Pap. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist. 8: 65-79. - get paper here
  • Köhler, G. 2003. A new species of Morunasaurus from Peru (Reptilia, Squamata, Hoplocercidae). Senckenbergiana Biologica 82 (1/2): 235-242
  • Köhler, G. 2008. Reptiles of Central America. 2nd Ed. Herpeton-Verlag, 400 pp.
  • Köhler,G. et al. 1999. Zur Kenntnis von Morunasaurus annularis (O’SHAUGHNESSY 1881). Salamandra 35 (3): 181-190 - get paper here
  • Lehr, E. 2002. Amphibien und Reptilien in Peru. Natur und Tier-Verlag (Münster), 208 pp. - get paper here
  • O'shaughnessy,A.W.E. 1881. An account of the collection of lizards made by Mr. Buckley in Ecuador, and now in the British Museum, with descritions of the new species. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1881: 227-245 - get paper here
  • Peters, James A. & Donoso-Barros, Roberto 1970. Catalogue of the Neotropical Squamata: Part II. Lizards and Amphisbaenians. Bull. US Natl. Mus. 297: 293 pp. - get paper here
  • Torres-Carvajal, O.; Almenáriz, A.; Valencia, J.; Yúnez-Muñoz, M. & Reyes, J.P. 2008. A new species of Enyalioides (Iguanidae: Hoplocercinae) from southwestern Ecuador. Pap. Avulsos Zool. (São Paulo) 48 (20): 227-235 - get paper here
  • Torres-Carvajal, Omar; RICHARD ETHERIDGE & KEVIN DE QUEIROZ 2011. A systematic revision of Neotropical lizards in the clade Hoplocercinae (Squamata: Iguania). Zootaxa 2752: 1–44 - get paper here
  • Wiens, John J. and Richard E. Etheridge 2003. Phylogenetic relationships of Hoplocercid lizards: coding and combining meristic, morphometric, and polymorphic data using step matrices. Herpetologica 59 (3): 375-398 - get paper here
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