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Myriopholis parkeri (BROADLEY, 1999)

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Higher TaxaLeptotyphlopidae, Leptotyphlopinae, Rhinoleptini, Typhlopoidea, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesParker’s worm snake 
SynonymLeptotyphlops parkeri BROADLEY 1999
Leptotyphlops cairi — PARKER 1949: 19 (part.)
Leptotyphlops cairi — LARGEN & RASMUSSEN 1993: 324 (part.)
Leptotyphlops parkeri — BROADLEY & WALLACH 2007
Rhinoleptus parkeri — ADALSTEINSSON, BRANCH, TRAPE, VITT & HEDGES 2009
Leptotyphlops parkeri — LARGEN & SPAWLS 2010: 432
Myriopholis parkeri — WALLACH et al. 2014: 466
Leptotyphlops parkeri — SPAWLS et al. 2018: 370 
DistributionEthiopia

Type locality: Degeh Bur, Harerege Region, Ethiopia (8° 13’ N, 43° 30’ E), elevation 1067 m.  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: BMNH 1949.2.3.47 
DiagnosisDiagnosis. Distinguished from all other species of the genus in having 16 scale rows on the body, 14 on the tail, and an undifferentiated cloacal shield. In addition the paravertebral scale rows extend forward to separate the parietals from the postfrontal. 
CommentBased on a single specimen. A second specimen was described by BOUNDY 2013. 
EtymologyNamed after Dr. Hampton Wildman Parker (1897-1968), who first suggested that the Degeh Bur specimen might represent an undescribed species. 
References
  • Adalsteinsson, S.A.; Branch, W.R.; Trapé, S.; Vitt, L.J. & Hedges, S.B. 2009. Molecular phylogeny, classification, and biogeography of snakes of the Family Leptotyphlopidae (Reptilia, Squamata). Zootaxa 2244: 1-50 - get paper here
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • BOUNDY, JEFF 2013. Description of a second specimen of Leptotyphlops parkeri (Squamata: Leptotyphlopidae), with comments on its generic placement. Zootaxa 3637 (4): 493–497 - get paper here
  • Broadley, Donald G. 1999. A new species of worm snake from Ethiopia (Serpentes: Leptotyphlopidae). Arnoldia Zimbabwe 10 (14): 141-144
  • Broadley, Donald G. & Wallach, V. 2007. A revision of the genus Leptotyphlops in northeastern Africa and southwestern Arabia (Serpentes: Leptotyphlopidae). Zootaxa 1408: 1–78 - get paper here
  • Largen, M.J.; Spawls, S. 2010. Amphibians and Reptiles of Ethiopia and Eritrea. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 694 pp.
  • Largen,M.J. & Rasmussen,J.B. 1993. Catalogue of the snakes of Ethiopia (Reptilia Serpentes), including identification keys. Tropical Zoology 6: 313-434 - get paper here
  • Parker,H.W. 1949. The snakes of Somaliland and the Sokotra islands. Zoologische Verhandelingen 6: 1-115 - get paper here
  • Spawls, Steve; Kim Howell, Harald Hinkel, Michele Menegon 2018. Field Guide to East African Reptiles. Bloomsbury, 624 pp. - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
 
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