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Naja annulata PETERS, 1876

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Higher TaxaElapidae, Colubroidea, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
SubspeciesNaja annulata annulata BUCHHOLZ & PETERS 1876
Naja annulata stormsi (DOLLO 1886) 
Common NamesE: Ringed Water Cobra
G: Wasserkobra 
SynonymNaja annulata annulata PETERS 1876
Naja annulata BUCHHOLZ & PETERS in PETERS 1876
Aspidelaps bocagei SAUVAGE 1884: 205
Boulengerina annulata — SCHMIDT 1923: 123
Boulengerina annulata annulata— WELCH 1994: 35
Boulengerina annulata — CHIRIO & INEICH 2006
Naja annulata — WÜSTER et al. 2007
Boulengerina annulata — JACKSON 2008
Naja annulata annulata — PAUWELS & VANDE WEGHE 2008
Naja (Boulengerina) annulata — WALLACH et al. 2009
Boulengerina annulata — WALLACH et al. 2014: 119
Naja annulata — SPAWLS et al. 2018: 549

Naja annulata stormsi (DOLLO 1886)
Boulengerina stormsi DOLLO 1886
Boulengerina stormsi — GÜNTHER 1888: 334
Boulengerina stormsi — LOVERIDGE 1929
Boulengerina stormsi — DE WITTE 1933
Boulengerina annulata stormsi — KRATZER 1965
Boulengerina annulata stormsi — WELCH 1994: 35
Boulengerina annulata stormsi — BROADLEY & HOWELL 1991: 24
Boulengerina annulata stormsi — BROADLEY & COTTERILL 2004
Naja annulata stormsi — WÜSTER et al. 2007 (by implication) 
DistributionCameroon, Gabon, Democratic Republic of the Congo (Zaire), Congo (Brazzaville), Central African Republic, Tanzania, Equatorial Guinea, Rwanda, Burundi, Zambia, Angola

stormsi: shores of Lake Tanganyika, Democratic Republic of the Congo (Katanga); Type locality: Lake Tanganyika, Zaire.

Type locality: “Dorfe Mbusa (Eliva Sonange am Ogowe)” [Gabon] [Naja annulata BUCHHOLZ & PETERS 1876]

Aspidelaps bocagei: Type locality: Gabon and Majumba.  
Reproductionoviparous. 
TypesHolotype: ZMB 8772
Holotype: MNHN 1884.0015 [Aspidelaps bocagei] 
CommentVenomous!

Type species: Boulengerina stormsi Dollo, 1886 (= Naja annulata) is the type species of the subgenus Boulengerina DOLLO 1886.

Authors: Note that the author of Naja annulata is sometimes referred to as PETERS & BUCHHOLZ (1876) as PETERS used specimens collected by Buchholz.

Sources: The description by SCHMIDT (1923) is available online (see URL below).

Habitat: near and in rivers and lakes.

Diet: mostly fish

Synonymy: Paranaja multifasciata is nested within Naja in a tree based on DNA sequence data and thus WÜSTER et al. suggested to synonymize it with Naja. Aspidelaps bocagei SAUVAGE 1884: 205 is a synonym of N. annulata, not of N. melanoleuca, as many previous authors have stated, according to Wüster et al. 2018. 
EtymologyNamed after the diminutive form (“annul-”) of Latin “anus” = ring.

The subgenus is dedicated to George Albert Boulenger, Belgian herpetologist. 
References
  • Boulenger,G.A. 1895. On the Type Specimen of Boulengerina stormsi, an Elapoid Snake from Central Africa. Proc. zool. Soc. London 1895: 865-866 - get paper here
  • BRANCH, W. R. & CONRADIE, W. 2013. Naja annulata annulata (Bucholtz & Peters, 1876). African Herp News (59): 50-53
  • Broadley, D.G.; Doria, C.T. & Wigge, J. 2003. Snakes of Zambia. An Atlas and Field Guide. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 280 pp. [review in Sauria 26 (3): 21]
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  • Carlino, P. & Pauwels, O.S.G. 2015. An Updated Reptile List of Ivindo National Park, the Herpetofaunal Hotspot of Gabon. Bull. Chicago Herp. Soc. 50(3): 25-39 - get paper here
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  • Chirio, Laurent and Ivan Ineich 2006. Biogeography of the reptiles of the Central African Republic. African Journal of Herpetology 55(1):23-59. - get paper here
  • Dainty, M. 2011. Die Gebänderte Wasserkobra, Boulengerina annulata. Reptilia (Münster) 16 (89): 24-28 - get paper here
  • Dobiey, M. & Vogel, G. 2007. Venomous Snakes of Africa - Giftschlangen Afrikas. Edition Chimaira, Terralog 15, 150 pp. - get paper here
  • Dollo,L. 1886. Notice sure les reptiles et batraciens. Bull. Mus. Roy. Hist. Nat. Belgique 4: 151-160 - get paper here
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  • Jackson, K. & Blackburn, D.C. 2007. The amphibians and reptiles of Nouabale-Ndoki National Park, Republic of Congo (Brazzaville). Salamandra 43 (3): 149-164 - get paper here
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  • Jackson, Kate; Ange-Ghislain Zassi-Boulou, Lis-Bethy Mavoungou, and Serge Pangou 2007. Amphibians and Reptiles of the LacTélé Community Reserve, Likouala Region, Republic of Congo (Brazzaville). Herp. Cons. Biol. 2 (2): 75-86 - get paper here
  • Kratzer, H. 1965. Über die Tanganyika-Wasserkobra (Boulengerina annulata stormsi) Salamandra 1 (3): 61-67 - get paper here
  • Loveridge, Arthur 1929. East African reptiles and amphibians in the United States National Museum. Bull. US Natl. Mus. (151): 1-135 - get paper here
  • Marques, Mariana P.; Luis M. P. Ceríaco , David C. Blackburn , and Aaron M. Bauer 2018. Diversity and Distribution of the Amphibians and Terrestrial Reptiles of Angola -- Atlas of Historical and Bibliographic Records (1840–2017). Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. (Ser. 4) 65: 1-501 (Supplement II)
  • Ogawa, Y.; Yanoshita, R.; Kuch, U.; Samejima, Y.; Mebs, D. 2004. Complete amino acid sequence and phylogenetic analysis of a long-chain neurotoxin from the venom of the African banded water cobra, Boulengerina annulata. Toxicon 43(7):855-858
  • O’Shea, M. 2018. The Book of Snakes. Ivy Press / Quarto Publishing, London, - get paper here
  • Pauwels, O.S.G. & Vande weghe, J.P. 2008. Les reptiles du Gabon. Smithsonian Institution, Washington: 272 pp. - get paper here
  • Pauwels, O.S.G.; Kamdem Toham, A. & Chimsunchart, C. 2002. Recherches sur l’herpétofaune du Massif du Chaillu, Gabon. Bull. Inst. Roy. Sci. Nat. Belgique (Biologie) 72: 47-57 - get paper here
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  • Spawls, S.; Howell, K.; Drewes, R.C. & Ashe, J. 2002. A field guide to the reptiles of East Africa. Academic Press, 543 pp. [reviews in HR 34: 396 and Afr. J. Herp. 51; 147] - get paper here
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  • Wallach, V.; Wüster, W. & Broadley, D.G. 2009. In praise of subgenera: taxonomic status of cobras of the genus Naja Laurenti (Serpentes: Elapidae). Zootaxa 2236: 26–36 - get paper here
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  • Werner, F. 1899. Ueber Reptilien und Batrachier aus Togoland, Kamerun und Deutsch-Neu-Guinea grösstentheils aus dem k. Museum für Naturkunde in Berlin. Verhandlungen der Kaiserlich-Königlichen Zoologisch-Botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien 49: 132-157 - get paper here
  • Witte, G. F. de 1933. Reptiles récoltés au Conge Belge par le Dr. H. Schouteden et par M. G.-F. Witte. Ann. Mus. Conge belge Zool. Ser. 1 Tome III: 53-100.
  • WÜSTER, WOLFGANG; LAURENT CHIRIO, JEAN-FRANÇOIS TRAPE, IVAN INEICH, KATE JACKSON, ELI GREENBAUM, CESAR BARRON, CHIFUNDERA KUSAMBA, ZOLTÁN T. NAGY, RICHARD STOREY, CARA HALL, CATHARINE E. WÜSTER, AXEL BARLOW, DONALD G. BROADLEY 2018. Integration of nuclear and mitochondrial gene sequences and morphology reveals unexpected diversity in the forest cobra (Naja melanoleuca) species complex in Central and West Africa (Serpentes: Elapidae). Zootaxa 4455 (1): 068–098 - get paper here
  • Wüster, Wolfgang; Steven Crookes, Ivan Ineich, Youssouph Mané, Catharine E. Pook, Jean-Francois Trape, Donald G. Broadley 2007. The phylogeny of cobras inferred from mitochondrial DNA sequences: Evolution of venom spitting and the phylogeography of the African spitting cobras (Serpentes: Elapidae: Naja nigricollis complex). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 45: 437–453 - get paper here
 
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