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Naja atra CANTOR, 1842

IUCN Red List - Naja atra - Vulnerable, VU

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Higher TaxaElapidae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Chinese Cobra
G: Chinesische Kobra
Chinese: 舟山眼镜蛇 
SynonymNaja atra CANTOR 1842
Naja tripudians var. scopinucha COPE 1859: 343
Naja tripudians var. larrata STEINDACHNER 1867 (nomen praeoccupatum)
Naja tripudians var. unicolor PETERS in MARTENS 1876
Naia tripudians var. fasciata BOULENGER 1896: 383 (part.)
Naja naja atra — STEJNEGER 1907: 394
Naja kaouthia atra — DERANIYAGALA 1960
Naja naja atra — GOLAY 1985: 45
Naja sputatrix atra — LINGENHOLE & TRUTNAU 1989
Naja atra — ZIEGLER 2002: 275
Naja (Naja) atra — WALLACH et al. 2009
Naja atra — WALLACH et al. 2014: 460
Naja atra — WANG et al. 2022 
DistributionChina (S of the Yangtze River: Zhejiang, Fujian, Southern Anhui, Jiangxi, Hunan, Western Hubei, Guizhou, Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan, Taiwan), N Vietnam

Type locality: Chusan (= Zhoushan), China.  
TypesNeotype. CIB 12273, subadult female, collected from Zhoushan Island, Zhejiang Province, China, in July 1983. Holotype: nondesignated (T.E. Cantor, July 1840– March 1841), lost fide Golay et al. (1993: 185). (status unclear fide P. Campbell, pers. comm., March 2019).
Holotype: ANSP 6988 [scopinucha] 

Synonymy partly after STEJNEGER 1907.

Distribution: possibly in Yunnan (China) but records from there are questionable (Wang et al. 2022). For a map see Shi et al. 2022: 3 (Fig. 1). 
EtymologyNamed after its color, Latin “ater, atra, atrum” = dark or black. 
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