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Naja atra CANTOR, 1842

IUCN Red List - Naja atra - Vulnerable, VU

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Higher TaxaElapidae, Colubroidea, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Chinese Cobra
G: Chinesische Kobra 
SynonymNaja atra CANTOR 1842
Naja tripudians var. scopinucha COPE 1859: 343
Naja tripudians var. unicolor VON MARTENS 1876
Naia tripudians var. fasciata BOULENGER 1896: 383 (part.)
Naja naja atra — STEJNEGER 1907: 394
Naja kaouthia atra — DERANIYAGALA 1960
Naja naja atra — GOLAY 1985: 45
Naja sputatrix atra — LINGENHOLE & TRUTNAU 1989
Naja atra — ZIEGLER 2002: 275
Naja (Naja) atra — WALLACH et al. 2009
Naja atra — WALLACH et al. 2014: 460 
DistributionSE China, N Vietnam, N Laos, Taiwan

Type locality: Chusan (= Zhoushan), China. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous. 
TypesHolotype: BMNH
Holotype: ANSP 6988 [scopinucha] 
CommentVenomous!

Synonymy partly after STEJNEGER 1907. 
EtymologyNamed after its color, Latin “ater, atra, atrum” = dark or black. 
References
  • Barbour, Thomas 1909. Notes on Amphibia and Reptilia from Eastern Asia. Proc. New England zool. Club 4: 53-78, 2 plates - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1896. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum, Vol. 3. London (Taylor & Francis), xiv + 727 pp. - get paper here
  • Cantor,T. 1842. General features of Chusan, with remarks on the flora and fauna of that island [part 3]. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (1) 9: 481-493 - get paper here
  • Cope, E.D. 1860. Catalogue of the venomous serpents in the Museum of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, with notes on the families, genera and species. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 1859: 332-347 - get paper here
  • Jiang Y, Li Y, Lee W, Xu X, Zhang Y, Zhao R, Zhang Y, Wang W 2011. Venom gland transcriptomes of two Elapid snakes (Bungarus multicinctus and Naja atra) and evolution of toxin genes. BMC Genomics 2011, 12:1 - get paper here
  • Lillywhite, Harvey B. 2014. How Snakes Work: Structure, Function and Behavior of the World's Snakes. Oxford University Press, New York, 256 pp
  • Lin, Hua-Ching; Shou-Hsien Li; Jonathan Fong; Si-Min Lin 2008. Ventral coloration differentiation and mitochondrial sequences of the Chinese Cobra (Naja atra) in Taiwan. Conserv Genet 9:1089–1097
  • Martens, E. von 1876. Die Preussische Expedition nach Ostasien. Zoologischer Teil. Berlin: Decker Vol. 1: 412 pp.
  • Olivier, R. 2008. Kleine gifslangengalerij. Lacerta 66 (1-3): 47-57 - get paper here
  • Orlov, N.; Ananjeva, A.; Ryabov, S. & Rao, D.-Q. 2003. Venomous snakes in Southern China. Reptilia (GB) (31): 22-29 - get paper here
  • Orlov, N.; Ananjeva, A.; Ryabov, S. & Rao, D.-Q. 2003. Die Giftschlangen Südchinas. Reptilia (Münster) 8 (44): 30-36 - get paper here
  • Rosén, N. 1904. Über die Kaumuskeln der Schlangen und ihre Bedeutung bei der Entleerung der Giftdrüse. Zool. Anz. 28: 1-7 - get paper here
  • Sang, Nguyen Van; Ho Thu Cuc, Nguyen, Quang Truong 2009. Herpetofauna of Vietnam. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 768 pp.
  • Stejneger, L. 1910. The batrachians and reptiles of Formosa. Proc. US Natl. Mus. 38: 91-114 - get paper here
  • Wallach, V.; Wüster, W. & Broadley, D.G. 2009. In praise of subgenera: taxonomic status of cobras of the genus Naja Laurenti (Serpentes: Elapidae). Zootaxa 2236: 26–36 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • WANG, Zheng; Longhui LIN; Xiang JI 2014. Unhatched and Hatched Eggshells of the Chinese Cobra Naja atra. Asian Herpetological Research 5 (4): 276-280 doi 10.3724/SP.J.1245.2014.00276 - get paper here
  • Winchell, S. 2011. Kobras. Reptilia (Münster) 16 (89): 16-22 - get paper here
  • Wüster, Wolfgang 1993. A century of confusion: Asiatic cobras revisited. Vivarium 4 (4): 14-18
  • Wüster,W.; Thorpe,R.S.; Cox,M.J.; Jintakune,P.; Nabhitabhata,J. 1995. Populuation systematics of the snake genus Naja (Reptilia: Serpentes: Elapidae) in Indochina: Multivariate morphometrics and comparative mitochondrial DNA sequencing (cytochrome oxidase I). J. Evol. Biol. 8: 493-510
  • Zhao, E.M. 2006. The snakes of China [in Chinese]. Hefei, China, Anhui Sience & Technology Publ. House, Vol. I, 372 pp., Vol. II (color plates), 280 pp.
  • Ziegler, T. 2002. Die Amphibien und Reptilien eines Tieflandfeuchtwald-Schutzgebietes in Vietnam. Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 342 pp. - get paper here
 
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