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Naja mandalayensis SLOWINSKI & WÜSTER, 2000

IUCN Red List - Naja mandalayensis - Vulnerable, VU

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Higher TaxaElapidae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common Names 
SynonymNaja mandalayensis SLOWINSKI & WÜSTER 2000
Naja mandalayensis — LEVITON et al. 2003
Naja (Naja) mandalayensis — WALLACH et al. 2009
Naja mandalayensis — WALLACH et al. 2014: 461 
DistributionMyanmar (Burma). Endemic to the central dry zone, encompassing the Mandalay, Magwe, and Sagaing Divisions.

Type locality: Monywa (N 22° 13’, E 95° 20’), Sagaing Division, Myanmar.  
TypesHolotype: CAS 207097 
DiagnosisDIAGNOSIS (DIAGNOSTIC CHARACTERS).— Underside of chin and throat dark, set off from first dark band by 2 to 4 ventrals that are either pale or at least less densely mottled, followed by 2 or 3 broad dark bands, the remainder of the venter is pale with occasional dark mottling; hood without markings (see fig., right image) or, if present, scarcely discernible; fangs modified for spitting, venom discharge orifice small; ventrals: 173–185 (males 173–185, females182–185); subcaudals: 50–58 (males 56–58, females 50–56). Total length 828 mm; tail length 152 mm (dimensions of holotype, a rather small specimen, as recorded by Slowinski and Wüster; larger individuals undoubtedly occur). [after LEVITON 2003] 

Distribution: For a map see Shi et al. 2022: 3 (Fig. 1). 
EtymologyNamed after Mandalay, a major city within the range of N. mandalayensis. 
  • Chowdhury, M. A. W., Müller, J., & Varela, S. 2021. Climate change and the increase of human population will threaten conservation of Asian cobras. Scientific Reports, 11(1): 1-12 - get paper here
  • Leviton, Alan E.; Guinevere O.U. Wogan; Michelle S. Koo; George R. Zug; Rhonda S. Lucas and Jens V. Vindum 2003. The Dangerously Venomous Snakes of Myanmar Illustrated Checklist with Keys. Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. 54 (24): 407–462 - get paper here
  • Shi, S.‐C.; Vogel, G.; Ding, L.; Rao, D.‐Q.; Liu, S.; Zhang, L.; Wu, Z.‐J.; Chen, Z.‐N. 2022. Description of A New Cobra (Naja Laurenti, 1768; Squamata, Elapidae) from China with Designation of a Neotype for Naja atra. Animals 12, 3481
  • Slowinski, Joseph B. and Wolfgang Wüster. 2000. A new cobra (Elapidae: Naja) from Myanmar (Burma). Herpetologica 56 (2): 257-270 - get paper here
  • Thompson, C. & Thompson, T. 2008. First contact in the Greater Mekong - new species discoveries. WWF, 40 pp. - get paper here
  • Wallach, V.; Wüster, W. & Broadley, D.G. 2009. In praise of subgenera: taxonomic status of cobras of the genus Naja Laurenti (Serpentes: Elapidae). Zootaxa 2236: 26–36 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
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