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Naja nubiae WÜSTER & BROADLEY, 2003

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Higher TaxaElapidae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Nubian Spitting Cobra
G: Nubische Speikobra 
SynonymNaja nubiae WÜSTER & BROADLEY 2003
Vipera (Naia) haje ST. HILAIRE 1827: 157 (not LINNAEUS) (part)
Naja nigricollis — ANDERSON 1896: 109 (not REINHARDT)
Naja nigricollis — ANDERSON 1904: 5
Naja nigricollis — WERNER 1908: 1883
Naja nigricollis — BOULENGER 1915: 656 (part)
Naja nigricollis — WERNER 1919: 507
Naja nigricollis — WERNER 1927: 77
Naja nigricollis — SCORTECCI 1928: 306
Naja nigricollis — SCORTECCI 1930: 204
Naia nigricollis var. mossambica — BOULENGER 1896: 379 (not PETERS) (part.)
Naja nigricollis nigricollis — LOVERIDGE 1945: 3 (not REINHARDT)
Naja nigricollis nigricollis — MARX 1968: 40
Naja nigricollis pallida — EISELT 1962: 294 (not BOULENGER)
Naja mossambica pallida (not BOULENGER) BROADLEY 1968: 11 (part)
Naja mossambica pallida — HARDING & WELCH 1980: 12 (part)
Naja mossambica pallida — MEIRTE 1992: 58 (part)
Naja pallida — BRANCH 1979: 215 (part) (not BOULENGER)
Naja pallida — HUGHES 1983: 332, 352 (part)
Naja pallida — LARGEN & RASMUSSEN 1993: 382 (part)
Naja pallida — LARGEN 1997: 93
Naja pallida — SPAWLS & BRANCH 1995: 76 (part)
Naja pallida — GOLAY 1985: 47 (part)
Naja pallida — OSMAN & EL SIR 1988: 77
Naja pallida — BROADLEY et al. 1993: 190 (part)
Naja pallida — DAVID & INEICH 1999: 165 (part)
Naja (Afronaja) nubiae — WALLACH et al. 2009
Afronaja nubiae — WALLACH et al. 2014: 11 
DistributionEgypt, Sudan (Jumhūriyyat), Chad, Niger, Eritrea, Djibouti

Type locality: Kom Ombo (=Kawn Umbû), Aswan Governorate, Egypt (24°28’ N, 32°57’ E).  
TypesHolotype: YPM R 3916, Peabody Museum, Yale University. Paratypes: ZFMK 32391, BMNH, MHNG, MNHN, NHRM. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: The new species can be differentiated from Naja pallida, with which it was until now confused, through its throat and neck pattern: N. pallida normally has a single, broad dark band across the throat; this encircles the body and crosses the neck. There is no other pattern on the body or throat, except in a small minority (c.5%)of specimens, which have a more or less obvious second dark band across the throat, but not across the neck. In N. nubiae, there are two bands across the neck: a nape band situated immediately behind the parietal scales, and the main band further back. The nape band may or may not cross the throat. The second, main neck band invariably crosses the throat, usually in a more posterior position than the throat band of N. pallida. A further dark ventral band is present in N. nubiae,but may be faint in older specimens. There is a distinct light throat area before the main throat band, and practically all specimens feature a small dark spot on each side of the throat, at the junction of the ventrals and the dorsals. This resembles the lateral throat spots seen in most Asiatic species. Additionally the bases of the scales are strongly blackened in N. nubiae, but not in N. pallida. Most N. nubiae have seven supralabials, even when two preoculars are present, whereas in most N. pallida, specimens with two preoculars have only six supralabials. 

Distribution: For a map see Sindaco et al. 2013. 
EtymologyNamed after the region of Nubia, home of the first black African civilization, which occupied the Nile Valley between Aswan and Khartoum, in present day southern Egypt and northern Sudan. Most museum specimens of this species originate from this region. 
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