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Naja samarensis PETERS, 1861

IUCN Red List - Naja samarensis - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaElapidae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Peters' Cobra
G: Samar-Kobra, Visayas Kobra 
SynonymNaja tripudians var. samarensis PETERS 1861: 690
Naia samarensis BOULENGER 1896
Naja naja samarensis TAYLOR 1922
Naja kaouthia samarensis DERANIYAGALA 1960 (part)
Naja sputatrix samarensis DERANIYAGALA 1961 (part)
Naja naja samarensis — HARDING & WELCH 1980
Naja samarensis — WÜSTER & THORPE 1990
Naja samarensis — WELCH 1994: 93
Naja (Naja) samarensis — WALLACH et al. 2009
Naja samarensis — WALLACH et al. 2014: 462 
DistributionPhilippines (Bohol, Camiguin Sur, Dinagat, Leyte, Mindanao: Agusan del Norte, Bukidnon, Davao del Sur, Lanao, Misamis Occidental, South Cotabato, Zamboanga City; Samar)

Type locality: “Loquilocun, Insel Samar” [Naja tripudians var. samarensis PETERS 1861]  
TypesHolotype: ZMB 3955 (Naja tripudians var. samarensis PETERS 1861) 

Distribution: For a map see Shi et al. 2022: 3 (Fig. 1). 
EtymologyNamed after the type locality. 
  • Chowdhury, M. A. W., Müller, J., & Varela, S. 2021. Climate change and the increase of human population will threaten conservation of Asian cobras. Scientific Reports, 11(1): 1-12 - get paper here
  • Frömberg, C. 2010. Haltung und Nachzucht der Samar-Kobra (Naja samarensis). Reptilia (Münster) 15 (81): 64-73 - get paper here
  • Leviton, A.E., R.M. Brown, and C.D. Siler. 2014. The dangerously venomous snakes of the Philippine Archipelago. in The Coral Triangle: The 2011 Hearst Biodiversity Philippine Expedition (G.C. Williams and T.M. Gosliner, eds.). California Academy of Sciences, USA, Pp 473–530
  • Leviton,A.E. 1965. Contributions to a review of Philippine snakes. VII. The snakes of the genera Naja and Ophiophagus. Philippine J. Sci. 93: 531-550 - get paper here
  • O’Shea, M. 2018. The Book of Snakes. Ivy Press / Quarto Publishing, London, - get paper here
  • Peters, Wilhem Carl Hartwig 1861. Eine zweite Übersicht (vergl. Monatsberichte 1859 p. 269) der von Hrn. F. Jagor auf Malacca, Java, Borneo und den Philippinen gesammelten und dem Kgl. zoologischen Museum übersandten Schlangen. Monatsber. königl. Akad. Wiss. Berlin. 1861 (Juli): 683-691 [1862 on title page] - get paper here
  • Ravalo, Denni Dominique; Jacky Roselle Gersava, Jasmin Alojado, Marion John Michael Achondo, Lief Erikson Gamalo 2019. Predation of Samar Cobra Naja samarensis Peters, 1861 on the invasive Cane Toad Rhinella marina (Linnaeus, 1758) in Davao City, Philippines. Herpetology Notes 12: 1023-1025 - get paper here
  • Sanguila MB, Cobb KA, Siler CD, Diesmos AC, Alcala AC, Brown RM 2016. The amphibians and reptiles of Mindanao Island, southern Philippines, II: the herpetofauna of northeast Mindanao and adjacent islands. ZooKeys 624: 1–132, doi: 10.3897/zookeys.624.9814 - get paper here
  • Shi, S.‐C.; Vogel, G.; Ding, L.; Rao, D.‐Q.; Liu, S.; Zhang, L.; Wu, Z.‐J.; Chen, Z.‐N. 2022. Description of A New Cobra (Naja Laurenti, 1768; Squamata, Elapidae) from China with Designation of a Neotype for Naja atra. Animals 12, 3481
  • Slowinski, Joseph B. and Wolfgang Wüster. 2000. A new cobra (Elapidae: Naja) from Myanmar (Burma). Herpetologica 56 (2): 257-270 - get paper here
  • Smith, Brian E. 1993. Notes on a collection of squamate reptiles from eastern Mindanao, Philippine Islands part 2: Serpentes. Asiatic Herpetological Research 5: 96-102 - get paper here
  • Taylor, E.H. 1922. The snakes of the Philippine Islands. Manila (Bureau of Printing or Science), Monograph 16: 312 pp. - get paper here
  • Venturina, R. E. L., Diesmos, M. L. L., Maglangit, E. P. T., del Prado, Y. L. C., Ordas, J. A. D., Fernandez, J. B., ... & Diesmos, A. C. 2023. Herpetofauna of Mount Capistrano, a Fragmented Limestone Karst Forest in Central Mindanao, Philippines. Philippine Journal of Science, 152(6A), 2031-2048
  • VENTURINA, Russell Evan L.;Ynigo Luis C. DEL PRADO,Rhim Ayyah C. KAMIR, Marlon N. BALMORES and Arvin C. DIESMOS 2020. A Revised Checklist of Amphibians and Reptiles in Camiguin Sur, Misamis Oriental, Mindaanao, Philippines. Asian Herpetological Research 11 (1): 28-43 - get paper here
  • VERA, PETER JAN D. DE et al. 2022. Geographic distribution: NAJA SAMARENSIS (Southern Philippine Cobra). PHILIPPINES: BANGSAMORO REGION: MINDANAO: MAGUINDANAO PROVINCE Herpetological Review 53 (3): 446
  • Wallach, V.; Wüster, W. & Broadley, D.G. 2009. In praise of subgenera: taxonomic status of cobras of the genus Naja Laurenti (Serpentes: Elapidae). Zootaxa 2236: 26–36 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Weinell, Jeffrey L.; Errol Hooper, Alan E. Leviton, Rafe M. Brown 2019. Illustrated Key to the Snakes of the Philippines. Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. (4) 66 (1): 1-49 - get paper here
  • Wüster, W.; Thorpe,R.S. 1991. Asiatic cobras: Systematics and snakebite. Experientia 47: 205-209 - get paper here
  • Wüster, Wolfgang 1993. A century of confusion: Asiatic cobras revisited. Vivarium 4 (4): 14-18
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