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Nephrurus levis DE VIS, 1886

IUCN Red List - Nephrurus levis - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaCarphodactylidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos) 
SubspeciesNephrurus levis levis DE VIS 1886
Nephrurus levis occidentalis STORR 1963
Nephrurus levis pilbarensis STORR 1963 
Common NamesThree-lined Knob-tail, Smooth Knob-tailed Gecko, Common Knob-tailed Gecko 
SynonymNephrurus levis DE VIS 1886
Nephrurus laevis - BOULENGER 1887
Nephrurus platyurus - BOULENGER 1887
Nephrurus levis — COGGER 2000: 256
Nephrurus levis — OLIVER & BAUER 2011
Nephrurus levis — COGGER 2014: 266

Nephrurus levis levis DE VIS 1886
Nephrurus levis DE VIS 1886
Nephrurus platyurus BOULENGER 1886
Nephrurus levis levis - WERMUTH 1965
Nephrurus laevis laevis — BARTS & HULBERT 2004

Nephrurus levis occidentalis STORR 1963
Nephrurus levis occidentalis STORR 1963
Nephrurus occidentalis - WELLS & WELLINGTON 1984
Nephrurus laevis occidentalis - KLUGE 1991
Nephrurus levis occidentalis — LAUBE 2001

Nephrurus levis pilbarensis STORR 1963
Nephrurus levis pilbarensis STORR 1963
Nephrurus pilbarensis - WELLS & WELLINGTON 1984
Nephrurus laevis pilbarensis - KLUGE 1991
Nephrurus levis pilbarensis — RÖSLER 1995: 74
Nephrurus levis pilbarensis — LAUBE 2001 
DistributionAustralia (arid/semi-arid central Australia west of the Great Dividing Range:
New South Wales, North Territory, Queensland, South Australia,
West Australia)

occidentalis: central coast of West Australia
pilbarensis: Pilbara region, West Australia
levis: remainder of range: most of the arid interior of Australia

Type locality: not given, restriction to Chinchilla, Qld. proposed by Covacevich (1971). Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: QM J246 
CommentAbsent from SW- and NE-West Australia, humid regions of southeastern and east coastal Australia and from the tropical north. 
References
  • Barts, M. & Hulbert, F. 2004. Die Geckos der Welt. Draco 5 (18): 4-17 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G. A. 1886. Description of a new gecko of the genus Nephrurus. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5)18: 91 - get paper here
  • Cogger, H. G. 2014. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 7th ed. CSIRO Publishing, xxx + 1033 pp.
  • Cogger,H.G. 2000. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 6th ed. Ralph Curtis Publishing, Sanibel Island, 808 pp.
  • Covacevich, J. 1971. Amphibian and reptile type specimens in the Queensland Museum. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 16: 49-68
  • de Vis, C. W. 1886. On certain geckos in the Queensland Museum. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales (2) 1 (I): 168—170 - get paper here
  • Ferguson, Daniel J.; Mathieson, Michael T.; Eyre, Teresa J. 2015. ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ON THE BEADED GECKO Lucasium damaeum AND SMOOTH KNOB-TAILED GECKO Nephrurus levis AT THEIR EASTERN LIMIT IN SOUTHWEST QUEENSLAND. Queensland Naturalist 53 (1-3): 19-28 - get paper here
  • Laube, A. & Langner, C. 2007. Die “Geckos” Australiens. Draco 8 (29): 4-21 - get paper here
  • Laube, Andreas 2001. Captive Maintenance and Breeding of Some Ground Dwelling Australian Geckos, Part 1: Nephrurus laevissimus and Nephrurus levis. Gekko 2 (1): 30-36
  • Oliver, P.M. & Bauer, A.M. 2011. Systematics. and evolution of the Australian knob-tail geckos (Nephrurus, Carphodactylidae, Gekkota): Pleisomorphic grades and biome shifts through the Miocene. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 59 (3): 664-674 - get paper here
  • Pianka, E. R. 1969. Habitat specificity, speciation, and species density in Australian desert lizards. Ecology 50 (3): 498-502 - get paper here
  • Rösler, Herbert 1995. Geckos der Welt - Alle Gattungen. Urania, Leipzig, 256 pp.
  • SCHENK, S. 2009. Scheinpaarung bei zwei Weibchen des australischen Geckos Nephrurus levis levis de Vis, 1889 im Terrarium. Sauria 31 (2): 57-59 - get paper here
  • Storr, G. M. 1963. The gekkonid genus Nephrurus in Western Australia, including a new species and three new subspecies. Journal of the Royal Society of Western Australia, 46:85-90.
  • Wilson, S. & Swan, G. 2010. A complete guide to reptiles of Australia, 3rd ed. Chatswood: New Holland, 558 pp.
 
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