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Nerodia cyclopion (DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL, 1854)

IUCN Red List - Nerodia cyclopion - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaColubridae (Natricinae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Mississippi Green Water Snake
G: Grüne Wasserschlange, Grüne Schwimmnatter 
SynonymTropidonotus cyclopion DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL 1854: 576
Tropidonotus cyclopium — GARMAN 1884: 26
Tropidonotus cyclopium [sic] — BOULENGER 1893: 244
Natrix cyclopion — LOENNBERG 1894
Natrix cyclopion — BURT 1935
Natrix cyclopion — CLAY 1938
Nerodia cyclopion — CONANT & COLLINS 1991: 147
Nerodia cyclopion — MATTISON 1995: 162
Nerodia cyclopion — CROTHER 2000: 67
Nerodia cyclopion — WALLACH et al. 2014: 483 
DistributionUSA (E Texas, Louisiana, Arkansas, SE Missouri, S Illinois, W/S Mississippi, S Alabama, S/E Georgia, NW Florida, S South Carolina, W Tennessee, W Kentucky)

Type locality: “New Orleans”  
Reproductionviviparous. 
TypesSyntypes: MNHN 3481 (2), largest a 1130 mm specimen. 
Comment 
References
  • Allen, Morrow J. 1932. A survey of the Amphibians and reptiles of Harrison County, Mississippi. American Museum Novitates (542): 1-20 - get paper here
  • Blackburn, D.G. & Stewart, J.R. 2011. Viviparity and placentation in snakes. In Aldridge & Sever (eds), Reproductive biology and phylogeny in snakes. CRC Press, pp. 119-181
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1893. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. London (Taylor & Francis), 448 pp. - get paper here
  • Burt, Charles E. 1935. Further records of the ecology and distribution of amphibians and reptiles in the middle west. American Midland Naturalist 16 (3): 311-336 - get paper here
  • Clay, William M. 1938. A synopsis of the North American Water Snakes of the genus Natrix. Copeia 1938 (4): 173-182 - get paper here
  • Conant,R. & Collins,J.T. 1991. A Field Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians of Eastern/Central North America, 3rd ed. Houghton Mifflin (Boston/New York), xx + 450 p.
  • Crother, B. I. (ed.) 2012. Standard Common and Current Scientific Names for North American Amphibians, Turtles, Reptiles, and Crocodilians, Seventh Edition. Herpetological Circular 39: 1-92
  • Dixon, James R. 2000. Amphibians and reptiles of Texas, second edition. Texas A&M University Press, 421 pp.
  • Duméril, A.M.C., G. BIBRON & A.H.A. DUMÉRIL 1854. Erpétologie générale ou Histoire Naturelle complète des Reptiles. Vol. 7 (partie 1). Paris, xvi + 780 S. - get paper here
  • Dundee, H.A., & Rossman, D.A. 1989. The amphibians and reptiles of Louisiana. Louisiana St. Univ. Press, Baton Rouge 300 pp.
  • Enge, Kevin M. 2009. Venomous and non-venomous snakes of Florida. Publication of the Florida Fish & Wildlife Conservation Commission. 16 pp.
  • Ernst, C.H., & Barbour, R.W. 1989. Snakes of eastern North America. George Mason Univ. Press, Fairfax, VA 282 pp.
  • Garman,Samuel 1884. The reptiles and batrachians of North America. Mem. Mus. comp. Zool, Cambridge (Massachusetts), 8 (3): xxxiv + 185 pp. [1883] [CNAH reprint 10] - get paper here
  • Gibbons, J. W. & Mike Dorcas 2004. North American Water Snakes. University of Oklahoma Press, 496 pp.
  • Irwin, Kelly J. 2004. Arkansas Snake Guide. Arkansas Game & Fish Commission, Little Rock, 50 pp.
  • Karlström, Asa and Steen, David A. 2016. Geographic Distribution: Nerodia cyclopion (Mississippi Green Watersnake) Herpetological Review 47 (4): 631
  • Lawson, R. 1987. Molecular studies of Thamnophiine snakes: 1. The phylogeny of the genus Nerodia. Journal of Herpetology 21 (2): 140-157 - get paper here
  • Lönnberg, Einar 1894. Notes on reptiles and batrachians collected in Florida in 1892 and 1893. Proc. US Natl. Mus. 17 (1003): 317-339 - get paper here
  • Mattison, Chris 1995. The Encyclopedia of Snakes. New York: Facts on File, 256 pp.
  • McAllister, Chris T., Henry W. Robison, Stanley E. Trauth and Renn Tumlison. 2014. Geographical Distribution: Nerodia cyclopion (Mississippi green watersnake). Herpetological Review 45 (4): 665
  • Sanderson W E. 1993. Additional evidence for the specific status of Nerodia cyclopion and Nerodia floridana (Reptilia: Colubridae). BRIMLEYANA 19: 83-94.
  • Siegel, Dustin S.; Stanley E. Trauth, Justin L. Rheubert, Brian Rabe, Brenton Ruopp, Aurélien Miralles, Christopher M. Murray, and Robert D. Aldridge 2014. Novel Cloacal Glands in Snakes: The Phylogenetic Distribution of Ventral Urodaeal Glands in Thamnophiini. Herpetologica Sep 2014, Vol. 70, No. 3: 279-289. - get paper here
  • Tennant, A. 2003. Snakes of North America - Eastern and Central Regions, revised edition. Lone Star Books, 605 pp.
  • Tennant, A. & Bartlett, R.D. 2000. Snakes of North America - Eastern and Central Regions. Gulf Publishing, Houston, TX, 588 pp.
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Werler, John E. & James R. Dixon 2000. Texas Snakes. University of Texas Press, 544 pages
 
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