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Nerodia floridana (GOFF, 1936)

IUCN Red List - Nerodia floridana - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaColubridae (Natricinae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Common NamesFlorida Green Water Snake 
SynonymNatrix cyclopion floridana GOFF 1936
Natrix cyclopion floridana — KLUGE 1984
Nerodia floridana — CONANT & COLLINS 1991: 148
Nerodia floridana — CROTHER 2000: 67
Nerodia floridana — WALLACH et al. 2014: 484 
DistributionUSA (S South Carolina, Florida, S/NE Georgia)

Type locality: “near Leesburg, Florida, at the Alsa-Brook Prairie between Lake Griffin and Lake Yale"  
TypesHolotype: UMMZ 77229 
  • Conant,R. & Collins,J.T. 1991. A Field Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians of Eastern/Central North America, 3rd ed. Houghton Mifflin (Boston/New York), xx + 450 p.
  • Crother, B. I. (ed.) 2012. Standard Common and Current Scientific Names for North American Amphibians, Turtles, Reptiles, and Crocodilians, Seventh Edition. Herpetological Circular 39: 1-92
  • Durso, A.M., Smith, L., Long, S. & Lott, R. 2017. Nerodia floridana (Florida Green Watersnake) Predation. Herpetological Review 48 (4): 863-864
  • Enge, Kevin M. 2009. Venomous and non-venomous snakes of Florida. Publication of the Florida Fish & Wildlife Conservation Commission. 16 pp.
  • Ernst, C.H., & Barbour, R.W. 1989. Snakes of eastern North America. George Mason Univ. Press, Fairfax, VA 282 pp.
  • Gibbons, J. W. & Mike Dorcas 2004. North American Water Snakes. University of Oklahoma Press, 496 pp.
  • Goff,C.C. 1936. Distribution and variation of a new subpsecies of water snake, Natrix cyclopion floridana. Occ. Papers Mus. Zool. Univ. Michigan, (327): 1-9 + 1 plate
  • Holbrook, Joshua D., Cameron A. Younge, David P. Young, Jr. and Noah Greenwald. 2013. Nerodia floridana (Florida green watersnake) diet. Herpetological Review 44 (3): 525
  • Jensen, John B.; Carlos D. Camp, Whit Gibbons, & Matt J. Elliott 2008. Amphibians and reptiles of Georgia. University of Georgia Press, 575 pp.
  • Lawson, R. 1987. Molecular studies of Thamnophiine snakes: 1. The phylogeny of the genus Nerodia. Journal of Herpetology 21 (2): 140-157 - get paper here
  • Lillywhite, Harvey B. 2014. How Snakes Work: Structure, Function and Behavior of the World's Snakes. Oxford University Press, New York, 256 pp
  • Neill, Wilfred T.;Rose, Francis L. 1953. Records of the green watersnake, Natrix cyclopion floridana, in South Carolina. Copeia 1953 (2): 127 - get paper here
  • Pearson, D.D. 1966. Serological and immunoelectrophoretic comparisons among species of snakes. Bull. Serol. Mus. 36: 8
  • Sanderson W E. 1993. Additional evidence for the specific status of Nerodia cyclopion and Nerodia floridana (Reptilia: Colubridae). BRIMLEYANA 19: 83-94.
  • Siegel, Dustin S.; Stanley E. Trauth, Justin L. Rheubert, Brian Rabe, Brenton Ruopp, Aurélien Miralles, Christopher M. Murray, and Robert D. Aldridge 2014. Novel Cloacal Glands in Snakes: The Phylogenetic Distribution of Ventral Urodaeal Glands in Thamnophiini. Herpetologica Sep 2014, Vol. 70, No. 3: 279-289. - get paper here
  • Tennant, A. 2003. Snakes of North America - Eastern and Central Regions, revised edition. Lone Star Books, 605 pp.
  • Tennant, A. & Bartlett, R.D. 2000. Snakes of North America - Eastern and Central Regions. Gulf Publishing, Houston, TX, 588 pp.
  • Thompson, J. Scott;Crother, Brian I. 1998. Allozyme variation among disjunct populations of the Florida green watersnake (Nerodia floridana). Copeia 1998 (3): 715-719 - get paper here
  • Vogrinc, Philip, John D. Willson, Andrew M. Durson, Larry A. Bryan, Zach Ross, Joshua Holbrook and Don Filipiak. 2013. Nerodia floridana (Florida green watersnake) diet. Herpetological Review 44 (4): 695
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
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