You are here » home advanced search search results Nerodia rhombifer

Nerodia rhombifer (HALLOWELL, 1852)

IUCN Red List - Nerodia rhombifer - Least Concern, LC

Can you confirm these amateur observations of Nerodia rhombifer?

Add your own observation of
Nerodia rhombifer »

Find more photos by Google images search: Google images

Higher TaxaColubridae (Natricinae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
SubspeciesNerodia rhombifer blanchardi (CLAY 1938)
Nerodia rhombifer rhombifer (HALLOWELL 1852)
Nerodia rhombifer werleri (CONANT 1953) 
Common NamesE: Diamondback Water Snake
werleri: Diamondback Watersnake
G: Diamant Wassernatter, Rauten-Schwimmnatter 
SynonymTropidonotus rhombifera HALLOWELL 1852: 177
Tropidonotus rhombifer — HALLOWELL 1852: 177
Nerodia rhombifer rhombifer (HALLOWELL 1852)
Nerodia rhombifer — BAIRD & GIRARD 1853: 147
Natrix rhombifera — ALLEN 1932
Natrix rhombifera — CLIBURN 1956
Natrix rhombifera — SMITH & SMITH 1976
Nerodia rhombifer rhombifer — CONANT & COLLINS 1991: 149
Nerodia rhombifer — LINER 1994
Nerodia rhombifer — CROTHER 2000
Nerodia rhombifer rhombifer — TENNANT & BARTLETT 2000: 155
Nerodia rhombifer — CROTHER et al. 2012
Nerodia rhombifer — WALLACH et al. 2014: 484

Nerodia rhombifer blanchardi (CLAY 1938)
Natrix rhombifera blanchardi CLAY 1938

Nerodia rhombifer werleri (CONANT 1953)
Natrix rhombifera werleri CONANT 1953
Nerodia rhombifer werleri — ALDRIDGE et al. 2003
Nerodia rhombifer werleri — BRANDLEY et al. 2010 
DistributionUSA (Texas, Oklahoma, Kansas, Louisiana, Arkansas, Missouri, Illinois, SW Indiana, W Tennessee, Mississippi, Alabama),
Mexico (NE Coahuila, Nuevo Leon, Tamaulipas, San Luis Potosí, Veracruz, Tabasco, Chiapas, Hidalgo, Campeche ), Guatemala, Belize

rhombifer: SC USA (Texas, Oklahoma, Arkansas, Louisiana); Type locality: Arkansas, Arkansas River, Creek Boundary.

blanchardi: E Mexico (north of Veracruz, Tamaulipas)

werleri: SE Mexico (Veracruz, Puebla); Type locality: Mexico: on the Alvarado-San Andres Tuxtla road approximately 18 mi SE Alvarado, Veracruz;  
Reproductionviviparous. There is evidence for maternal-fetal transfer of nutrients in this species (Blackburn 1994). 
TypesHolotype: ANSP 5047
Holotype: CM 9512 [blanchardi]
Holotype: UIMNH 67067 (FAS 3333), J. Werler; February 8, 1953. [werleri] 
EtymologyThe specific name was derived from the Latin words rhombus, meaning "rhomboid" (a skewed square or rectangle) and fero, meaning "bearing," in reference to the small middorsal rhomboid spots (LEMOS-ESPINAL & DIXON 2013). 
  • Aldridge, R.D.; Williams, K.A. & Teillery, R.R. 2003. Seasonal feeding and coelomic fat mass in the watersnake Nerodia rhombifer werleri. Herpetologica 59 (1): 43-51 - get paper here
  • Allen, Morrow J. 1932. A survey of the Amphibians and reptiles of Harrison County, Mississippi. American Museum Novitates (542): 1-20 - get paper here
  • Baird, S. F. and C. Girard. 1853. Catalogue of North American Reptiles in the Museum of the Smithsonian Institution. Part 1.-Serpents. Smithsonian Inst., Washington, xvi + 172 pp. - get paper here
  • Birkhead, R.D., Folt, B. & Guyer, C. 2017. Geographic Distribution: Nerodia rhombifer (Diamond-backed Watersnake). Herpetological Review 48 (3): 590.
  • Blackburn, D.G. 1994. Standardized criteria for the recognition of embryonic nutritional patterns in squamate reptiles. Copeia 1994 (4): 925-935 - get paper here
  • Bogosian, Victor; Eric C. Hellgren, and Raymond W. Moody 2012. Assemblages of Amphibians, Reptiles, and Mammals on an Urban Military Base in Oklahoma. Southwestern Naturalist 57 (3): 277-284. - get paper here
  • Brandley, Matthew C.; Tim J. Guiher, R. Alexander Pyron, Christopher T. Winne, Frank T. Burbrink 2010. Does dispersal across an aquatic geographic barrier obscure phylogeographic structure in the diamond-backed watersnake (Nerodia rhombifer)? Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 57 (2): 552-560 - get paper here
  • Burt, Charles E. 1935. Further records of the ecology and distribution of amphibians and reptiles in the middle west. American Midland Naturalist 16 (3): 311-336 - get paper here
  • Carpenter, Charles C. 1954. An unusually large diamond-backed water snake (Natrix rhombifera) from Buncombe Creek, Lake Texoma. Proceedings of the Oklahoma Academy of Science 35: 42 - get paper here
  • Clay, William M. 1938. A synopsis of the North American Water Snakes of the genus Natrix. Copeia 1938 (4): 173-182 - get paper here
  • Clay, William M. 1938. A new water snake of the genus Natrix from Mexico. Annals of the Carnegie Museum 27: 251-255
  • Cliburn,J.W. 1956. The taxonomic relations of the water snakes Natrix taxispilota and rhombifera. Herpetologica 12: 198-200 - get paper here
  • Clifton, I. T.; J. D. Chamberlain and M. E. Gifford 2017. Patterns of morphological variation following colonization of a novel prey environment. Journal of Zoology 302 (4): 263–270; DOI: 10.1111/jzo.12459 - get paper here
  • Collins, J.T. & Collins, S.L. 2009. A pocket guide to Kansas snakes, 2nd ed. Great Plains Nature Center, Wichita, 69 pp.
  • Collins, J.T. & Collins, S.L. 2010. A pocket guide to Kansas snakes, 3rd ed. Great Plains Nature Center, Wichita, 69 pp.
  • Conant, R. 1969. A review of the water snakes of the genus Natrix in México. Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist. 142: 1-140
  • Conant, Roger 1953. Three new water snakes of the genus Natrix from Mexico. Natural History Miscellanea (126): 1-9 - get paper here
  • Conant,R. & Collins,J.T. 1991. A Field Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians of Eastern/Central North America, 3rd ed. Houghton Mifflin (Boston/New York), xx + 450 p.
  • Crother, B. I. (ed.) 2012. Standard Common and Current Scientific Names for North American Amphibians, Turtles, Reptiles, and Crocodilians, Seventh Edition. Herpetological Circular 39: 1-92
  • Dixon, James R. 2000. Amphibians and reptiles of Texas, second edition. Texas A&M University Press, 421 pp.
  • Dixon, James R.;Thornton, Okla W., Jr 1996. Geographic Distribution. Nerodia rhombifer rhombifer. Herpetological Review 27 (1): 35 - get paper here
  • Edmond, Brian S. 1993. Nerodia rhombifer (Diamondback Water Snake). USA: Missouri. Herpetological Review 24 (2): 68 - get paper here
  • Ernst, C.H., & Barbour, R.W. 1989. Snakes of eastern North America. George Mason Univ. Press, Fairfax, VA 282 pp.
  • Farr, William L. and Jerry Caraviotis. 2014. Nerodia rhombifer (diamond-backed watersnake) diet. Herpetological Review 45 (1): 145-146
  • Fernández-Badillo, Leonardo, David R. Aguillón-Gutiérrez, Sharon Yedid Valdez-Rentería, Juan Alfonso Hernández-Melo, Cristian Raùl Olvera Olvera, Francisco Javier Callejas-Jiménez, Melisa Hernández-Ramos, José Carlos Iturbe-Morgado, Ferdinand Torres- 2016. First records for amphibians and reptiles from the municipality of Atotonilco el Grande, Hidalgo, México. Herpetological Review 47 (1): 91-93
  • Force, Edith R. 1928. A Preliminary Checklist of Amphibians and Reptiles of Tulsa County. Proceedings of the Oklahoma Academy of Science 8: - get paper here
  • George, Steven G.;Jensen, Steve L. 1993. Nerodia rhombifer (Diamondback water snake). USA: Louisiana. Herpetological Review 24 (4): 156 - get paper here
  • Gibbons, J. W. & Mike Dorcas 2004. North American Water Snakes. University of Oklahoma Press, 496 pp.
  • González-Sánchez, V. H., J. D. Johnson, E. García-Padilla, V. Mata-Silva, D. L. DeSantis and L. D. Wilson. 2017. The Herpetofauna of the Mexican Yucatan Peninsula: composition, distribution, and conservation status. Mesoamerican Herpetology 4(2): 264–380 - get paper here
  • Gosser, Allen L.;Kennamer, Lee F.;Dobie, James L. 1996. Distribution of Nerodia taxispilota and Nerodia rhombifer in Alabama. Herpetological Review 27 (4): 217 - get paper here
  • Graham, Sean P., Eric C. Soehren and Ritchie L. King. 2010. Geographic distribution: Nerodia rhombifer. Herpetological Review 41 (3): 381 - get paper here
  • Graham, Sean P., Eric C. Soehren and Ritchie L. King. 2010. Geographic distribution: Nerodia rhombifer. Herpetological Review 41 (3): 381 - get paper here
  • Grant, Chapman 1937. Herpetological notes from Central Kansas. American Midland Naturalist 18 (3): 370-372 - get paper here
  • Hallowell,E. 1852. Descriptions of new species of reptiles inhabiting North America. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 6: 177-182 - get paper here
  • Hampton, P. M. 2013. Feeding in natricines: relationships among feeding morphology, behavior, performance and preferred prey type. Journal of Zoology, 290: 215–224. doi: 10.1111/jzo.12029 - get paper here
  • Heimes, P. 2016. Snakes of Mexico. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 572 pp
  • Irwin, Kelly J. 2004. Arkansas Snake Guide. Arkansas Game & Fish Commission, Little Rock, 50 pp.
  • Johnson, Jerry D.; Vicente Mata-Silva, Elí García Padilla, and Larry David Wilson 2015. The Herpetofauna of Chiapas, Mexico: composition, distribution, and conservation. Mesoamerican Herpetology 2 (3): 272–329. - get paper here
  • Köhler, G. 2008. Reptiles of Central America. 2nd Ed. Herpeton-Verlag, 400 pp.
  • Lawson, R. 1987. Molecular studies of Thamnophiine snakes: 1. The phylogeny of the genus Nerodia. Journal of Herpetology 21 (2): 140-157 - get paper here
  • Lee, J. C. 2000. A field guide to the amphibians and reptiles of the Maya world. Cornell University Press, Ithaca,
  • Lee, J.C. 1996. The amphibians and reptiles of the Yucatán Peninsula. Comstock, Cornell University Press, Ithaca, 500 pp.
  • Lemos-Espinal, Julio A. and James R. Dixon 2013. Amphibians and Reptiles of San Luis Potosí. Eagle Mountain Publishing, xii + 300 pp.
  • Lemos-Espinal, Julio A., Geoffrey R. Smith 2015. Amphibians and reptiles of the state of Hidalgo, Mexico. Check List 11 (3): 1642 - get paper here
  • McCALLISTER, C. T. 1985. Nerodia rhombifera (Hallowell). Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles ( 376: 1-4. - get paper here
  • Meza Parral, Y.; Sarmiento rojas, A. & Ramírez Valverde, T. 2010. NERODIA RHOMBIFER WERLERI (HALLOWELL, 1852) (SERPENTES: COLUBRIDAE), NUEVO REGISTRO PARA LA OFIDIOFAUNA DE PUEBLA, MÉXICO. Acta Zoológica Mexicana (n.s.) 26 (1): 243-244 - get paper here
  • Palis, John G. 2014. Nerodia rhombifer (diamond-backed watersnake) diet. Herpetological Review 45 (1): 146
  • Pérez-Higareda, Gonzalo, Marco A. López-Luna, David Chiszar and Hobart M. Smith 2002. Additions to and Notes on the Herpetofauna of Veracruz, Mexico. Bull. Chicago Herp. Soc. 37(4):67-68 - get paper here
  • Perkins, Micah W. and Eason, Perri K. 2017. Nerodia rhombifer (Diamondback Watersnake) Diet Herpetological Review 48 (1): 216 - get paper here
  • Pilgrim, Melissa A; Terence M Farrell, Peter G May, Marcus. R Vollman, and Richard A Seigel 2011. Secondary Sex Ratios in Six Snake Species. Copeia 2011 (4): 553-558. - get paper here
  • Siegel, Dustin S.; Stanley E. Trauth, Justin L. Rheubert, Brian Rabe, Brenton Ruopp, Aurélien Miralles, Christopher M. Murray, and Robert D. Aldridge 2014. Novel Cloacal Glands in Snakes: The Phylogenetic Distribution of Ventral Urodaeal Glands in Thamnophiini. Herpetologica Sep 2014, Vol. 70, No. 3: 279-289. - get paper here
  • Smith, C.C. & Acker, G. 1940. A Collection of Reptiles from Logan County, Oklahoma. Proceedings of the Oklahoma Academy of Science 20: 65 - get paper here
  • Smith, Hobart M. 1944. Snakes of the Hoogstraal Expeditions to northern Mexico. Zoological Series of Field Museum of Natural History 29 (8): 135-152 - get paper here
  • Smith, Hobart M.;Leonard, Arthur B. 1934. Distributional records of reptiles and amphibians in Oklahoma. American Midland Naturalist 15: 190-196 - get paper here
  • Tennant, A. 2003. Snakes of North America - Eastern and Central Regions, revised edition. Lone Star Books, 605 pp.
  • Tennant, A. & Bartlett, R.D. 2000. Snakes of North America - Eastern and Central Regions. Gulf Publishing, Houston, TX, 588 pp.
  • Terán-Juárez, Sergio A., Elí García Padilla, Vicente Mata-Silva, Jerry D. Johnson and Larry David Wilson. 2016. The herpetofauna of Tamaulipas, Mexico: composition, distribution, and conservation status. Mesoamerican Herpetology 3 (1): 43–113 - get paper here
  • Tucker, John K.;Camerer, James B. 1994. Nerodia rhombifer rhombifer (diamondback water snake). USA: Illinois. Herpetological Review 25 (1): 34 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Werler, John E. & James R. Dixon 2000. Texas Snakes. University of Texas Press, 544 pages
  • Werning, H. 2017. Der große Treck – Teil 5.Don’t mess with Texas. Reptilia (Münster) 22 (128): 68-79 - get paper here
  • Woolrich-Piña, G. A., E. García-Padilla, D. L. DeSantis, J. D. Johnson, V. Mata-Silva, and L. D. Wilson. 2017. The herpetofauna of Puebla, Mexico: composition, distribution, and conservation status. Mesoamerican Herpetology 4(4): 791–884
External links  
Is it interesting? Share with others:

As link to this species use URL address:

without field 'search_param'. Field 'search_param' is used for browsing search result.

Please submit feedback about this entry to the curator