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Ninia atrata (HALLOWELL, 1845)

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Higher TaxaColubridae (Dipsadinae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Common NamesSouth American Coffeesnake, South American Coffee Snake, Hallowell's Coffee Snake 
SynonymColuber atratus HALLOWELL 1845: 245
Streptophorus Lansbergi DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL 1854: 518
Streptophorus Drozii DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL 1854: 518
Ninia atrata — COPE 1860: 340
Streptophorus sebae schmidti JAN 1862: 27
Streptophorus Sebae var. Drozii — JAN 1865
Streptophorus Lansbergii — JAN 1865
Ninia spilogaster PETERS 1881: 49
Streptophorus atratus — BOULENGER 1893: 293
Ninia lansbergii — BURGER & WERLER 1954
Ninia atrata — PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970: 221
Ninia atrata — VILLA et al. 1988
Ninia atrata — GORZULA & SEÑARIS 1999
Ninia atrata — KORNACKER & NATERA-MUMAW 2008
Ninia atrata — WALLACH et al. 2014: 486 
DistributionE Panama, Colombia (Valle del Cauca), Ecuador, Venezuela (Táchira, Barinas [HR 35: 192]), Trinidad

Type locality: “within 200 miles of Caracas” (fide KORNACKER 1999)  
TypesHolotype: ANSP 3410-12
Holotype: MNHN-RA 3446 [Lansbergi]
Holotype: MNHN-RA 3444 [drozii] 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Ninia atrata differs from N. celata most obviously in having reduced parietals and more ventrals and subcaudals (ventrals plus subcaudals 177 to 223 versus 158 to 171 in N. celata). 
CommentSynonymy mainly after BURGER & WERLER 1954 and PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970. The International Commission of Zoological Nomenclature (1963) has established the priority of the name Ninia atrata over N. lansbergii.

Distribution: Not listed for Honduras by WILSON & MCCRANIE (2002). Honduran and Costa Rican populations of this species are now referred to Ninia celata (see SVAGAE 2002 for details). 
  • Angarita-Sierra, Teddy 2014. Hemipenial Morphology in the Semifossorial Snakes of the Genus Ninia and a New Species from Trinidad, West Indies (Serpentes: Dipsadidae) . South American J. Herp. 9 (2): 114-130 - get paper here
  • Angarita-Sierra, Teddy 2015. Repertoire of antipredator displays in the semifossorial snake Ninia atrata (Serpentes: Dipsadidae) Herpetology Notes 8: 339-344 - get paper here
  • Angarita-Sierra, Teddy 2017. Ninia atrata (Hallowell 1845). Viejita. Catálogo de Anfibios y Reptiles de Colombia 3 (2): 30-37 - get paper here
  • ANGARITA-SIERRA, TEDDY & JOHN D. LYNCH 2017. A new species of Ninia (Serpentes: Dipsadidae) from Chocó-Magdalena biogeographical province, western Colombia. Zootaxa 4244 (4): 478–492
  • Angarita-Sierra, Teddy G. 2009. Variación geográfica de Ninia atrata en Colombia (Colubridae: Dipsadinae). Pap. Av. Zool. 49 (22): 277-288 - get paper here
  • Arteaga AF, Bustamante-Enríquez LM and Guayasamin JM 2013. The Amphibians and Reptiles of Mindo. - get paper here
  • Auguste, Renoir J. 2019. Herpetofaunal checklist for six pilot protected areas in Trinidad and Tobago Herpetology Notes 12: 577-585 - get paper here
  • Boos, H.E.A. 2001. The snakes of Trinidad and Tobago. Texas A&M University Press, 270 pp.
  • Castro-Herrera, F. & Vargas-Salinas, F. 2008. Anfibios y reptiles en el departamento del Valle del Cauca, Colombia. Biota Colombiana 9 (2): 251 - 277 - get paper here
  • Cope, E.D. 1861. Notes and descriptions of new and little-known species of American reptiles. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 12: 339-345 [1860] - get paper here
  • Duméril, A.M.C., G. BIBRON & A.H.A. DUMÉRIL 1854. Erpétologie générale ou Histoire Naturelle complète des Reptiles. Vol. 7 (partie 1). Paris, xvi + 780 S. - get paper here
  • Dunn,E.R. 1935. The snakes of the genus Ninia. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. 21: 9-12. - get paper here
  • Gorzula, Stefan & Senaris, J. Celsa 1999. In: Contribution to the herpetofauna of the Venezuelan Guayana. I: a data base. Scientia Guaianae, Caracas, No. 8 [1998], 269+ pp.; ISBN 980-6020-48-0
  • Hallowell, E. 1845. Descriptions of reptiles from South America, supposed to be new. Proc. Acad. nat. Sci. Philad., 2: 241-247 - get paper here
  • Hedges SB, Powell R, Henderson RW, Hanson S, and Murphy JC 2019. Definition of the Caribbean Islands biogeographic region, with checklist and recommendations for standardized common names of amphibians and reptiles Caribbean Herpetology 67: 1–53
  • Hidalgo, H. N. 1981. Additions to the snake fauna of El Salvador. Herpetological Review 12:67-68 - get paper here
  • Jan, G. 1862. Enumerazione sistematico delle specie d'ofidi del gruppo Calamaridae. Arch. Zool., Anat. Fisiol., 2: 1-76. - get paper here
  • Jan, G. 1865. Iconographie générale des ophidiens. 13. Livraison. [Homalosoma mite]. J.B. Bailière et Fils, Paris - get paper here
  • Köhler, G. 2008. Reptiles of Central America. 2nd Ed. Herpeton-Verlag, 400 pp.
  • Kornacker, P. & Natera-Mumaw, M. 2008. Feldherpetologische Daten zu einigen Amphibien- und Reptilienarten im Wolkenwald des “Parque Nacional Henri Pittier”, Rancho Grande, Venezuela. Sauria 30 (3): 21-37 - get paper here
  • La Marca, E.; L.F. Esqueda & J. Manzanilla. 2004. Geographic Distribution (Serpentes): Ninia atrata. Herpetological Review 35 (2):192 - get paper here
  • Lancini,A.R. & Kornacker,P.M. 1989. Die Schlangen von Venezuela. Armitano Editores C.A., Caracas, 1-381
  • Lynn, W.G. 1959. Some Reptiles and Amphibians From Trinidad. Herpetologica 15 (3): 113-117 - get paper here
  • Markezich, A.L. 2002. New distribution records of reptiles from Western Venezuela. Herpetological Review 33 (1): 69-74 - get paper here
  • Mccranie, J.R. & L.D. Wilson 1995. Two new species of Colubrid snakes of the genus Ninia from central America. Journal of Herpetology 29 (2): 224-232 - get paper here
  • Medina-Rangel, Guido F. 2015. Geographic Distribution: Ninia atrata (Hallowell's coffee snake). Herpetological Review 46 (4): 574-575 - get paper here
  • Meyer, J. R., & WILSON, L. D. 1971. Taxonomic studies and notes on some Honduran amphibians and reptiles. Bull. So. Calif. Acad. Sci., 70: 106-114. - get paper here
  • Natera-Mumaw, Marco; Luis Felipe Esqueda-González & Manuel Castelaín-Fernández 2015. Atlas Serpientes de Venezuela Santiago de Chile, Dimacofi Negocios Avanzados S.A., 456 pp. - get paper here
  • Pedroza-Banda, Raúl; Jhon Jairo Ospina-Sarria, Teddy Angarita-Sierra, Marvin Anganoy-Criollo, John D. Lynch 2014. Estado de la fauna de anfibios y reptiles del Casanare Ciencias naturales Estado del conocimiento de la fauna de anfibios y reptiles del departamento de Casanare, Colombia. Rev. Acad. Colomb. Cienc. 38 (146): 17-34 - get paper here
  • Pérez-Santos,C. & Moreno, A.G. 1988. Ofidios de Colombia. Museo reegionale di Scienze Naturali, Torino, Monographie VI, 517 pp.
  • Restrepo A, Molina-Zuluaga C, Hurtado JP, Marín CM, Daza JM 2017. Amphibians and reptiles from two localities in the northern Andes of Colombia. Check List 13 (4): 203-237 - get paper here
  • Rincon-Aranguri, Monica; Nicolás Urbina-Cardona, Sandra P. Galeano, Brian C. Bock, and Vivian P. Páez 2019. Road Kill of Snakes on a Highway in an Orinoco Ecosystem: Landscape Factors and Species Traits Related to Their Mortality Tropical Conservation Science 12: 1–18; DOI: 10.1177/1940082919830832 - get paper here
  • RIVAS, GILSON A.; CÉSAR R. MOLINA, GABRIEL N. UGUETO, TITO R. BARROS, CÉSAR L. BAR- RIO-AMORÓS & PHILIPPE J. R. KOK 2012. Reptiles of Venezuela: an updated and commented checklist. Zootaxa 3211: 1–64 - get paper here
  • Rojas-Morales, Julián Andrés; Juan Camilo Zuluaga-Isaza, Román Felipe Díaz-Ayala 2017. Observations on the feeding behavior of the semifossorial snake Ninia atrata (Hallowell 1845) (Serpentes: Dipsadidae) IRCF Reptiles & Amphibians 24 (2): 124–126 - get paper here
  • Savage, J.M. 2002. The Amphibians and Reptiles of Costa Rica: A Herpetofauna Between Two Continents, Between Two Seas. University of Chicago Press, 934 pp. [review in Copeia 2003 (1): 205]
  • Señaris, J. Celsa; María Matilde Aristeguieta Padrón, Haidy Rojas Gil y Fernando J. M. Rojas-Runjaic 2018. Guía ilustrada de los anfibios y reptiles del valle de Caracas, Venezuela. Ediciones IVIC, Instituto Venezolano de Investigaciones Científicas (IVIC). Caracas, Venezuela. 348 pp.
  • Taylor,E.H. 1954. Further studies on the serpents of Costa Rica. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 36: 673-800. - get paper here
  • Valencia-Zuleta A, Jaramillo-Martínez AF, Echeverry-Bocanegra A, Viáfara-Vega R, Hernández-Córdoba O, Cardona-Botero VE, Gutiérrez-Zúñiga J, Castro-Herrera F. 2014. Conservation status of the herpetofauna, protected areas, and current problems in Valle del Cauca, Colombia. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 8 (2): 1–18 (e87) - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Wilson, L. D., & MEYER, J. R. 1985. The Snakes of Honduras. 2d ed. Milwaukee Publ. Mus. Publ., Biol. & Geol. No. 6, 150 pp.
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