You are here » home advanced search Ninurta coeruleopunctatus

Ninurta coeruleopunctatus (HEWITT & METHUEN, 1913)

Can you confirm these amateur observations of Ninurta coeruleopunctatus?

Add your own observation of
Ninurta coeruleopunctatus »

Find more photos by Google images search: Google images

Higher TaxaCordylidae (Cordylinae), Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Common NamesBlue-spotted (Girdled) Lizard 
SynonymZonurus coeruleopunctatus HEWITT & METHUEN 1913
Zonurus coeruleo-punctatus — ESSEX 1925
Cordylus coeruleo-punctatus — FITZSIMONS 1943
Cordylus coeruleopunctatus — FROST et al. 2001
Ninurta coeruleopunctatus — STANLEY et al. 2011
Ninurta coeruleopunctatus — BATES et al. 2014: 199
Ninurtia coeruleopunctatus — REISSIG 2014: 21 (in error) 
DistributionRepublic of South Africa (S Cape from Mossel Bay to Witelsbos)

Type locality: Buffel’s Nek, between Knysna and Avontuur, South Africa.  
ReproductionOvoviviparous/viviparous, giving birth to 3–4 young. 
TypesHolotype: DNMNH (= TM) (Transvaal Museum) 
CommentType species: Zonurus coeruleopunctatus HEWITT & METHUEN 1913 is the type species (and currently only species) of the genus Ninurta STANLEY et al. 2011.

Definition: Body gracile, limbs elongate, digits unreduced. Med- ium-sized (maximum SVL 82 mm). No occipital spines present, granular scales on nape. Keeled dorsal scales arranged in 40–46 transverse and 20–30 longitudinal rows. Spinose tail-whorls lack- ing. A band of granular lateral scales present between the dorsals and ventrals. Osteoderms widely distributed across body. Enamel blue spots on head and dorsum in eastern populations. Breeding males develop a yellow-to-orange gular patch. 
EtymologyNinurta (masculine) was, in Summerian and Akkadian mythology, among his other attributes, the god of rain and of the south wind. The name references the sole species’ occurrence along the cool, moist south coast of South Africa.
The species is named after its blue spots (Latin “coeruleus” = blue, “pucatatus” = spotted). 
  • Bates, M.F.; Branch, W.R., Bauer, A.M.; Burger, M., Marais, J.; Alexander, G.J. & de Villliers, M.S. (eds.) 2014. Atlas and Red List of the Reptiles of South Africa, Lesotho, and Swaziland. Suricata 1. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria, 512 pp.
  • Branch, William R. 1993. A Photographic Guide to Snakes and Other Reptiles of Southern Africa. Cape Town: Struik Publishers, 144 S.
  • Essex, R. 1925. Descriptions of two new species of the genus Acontias and notes on some other lizards found in the Cape Province. Rec. Albany Mus. 3: 332-342.
  • Frost, D.; Janies, D.; Le Fras N. Mouton, P. & Titus, T. 2003. A molecular perspective on the phylogeny of the Girdled Lizards (Cordylidae, Squamata). American Museum Novitates (3310): 1-10 - get paper here
  • Hewitt,J. & Methuen,P.A. 1913. Descriptions of some new Batrachia and Lacertilia from South Africa. Trans. Roy. Soc. South Africa (Cape Town) 3: 107-111
  • MOUTON, P. LE FRAS N.; DAHNÉ A. JANSE VAN RENSBURG and JOHANNES H. VAN WYK 2010. Epidermal glands in cordylid lizards, with special reference to generation glands. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 158: 312–324.
  • Reissig, J. 2014. Girdled Lizards and Their Relatives. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, ISBN-10: 3899734378
  • Schönecker, P. 2014. Südafrika. Auf Reptiliensuche entlang der Garden Route. Reptilia (Münster) 19 (105): 80-93
  • Stanley, Edward L.; Aaron M. Bauer; Todd R. Jackman, William R. Branch, P. Le Fras N. Mouton 2011. Between a rock and a hard polytomy: rapid radiation in the rupicolous girdled lizard (Squamata: Cordylidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 58(1): 53-70. - get paper here
  • Valencia, J. H., K. Garzón-Tello & M. E. Barragán-Paladines 2016. Serpientes venenosas del Ecuador: sistemática, taxonomía, historia natural, conservación, envenenamiento y aspectos antropológicos. Quito, Ecuador, Fundación Herpetológica Gustavo Orcés, Universidad de Texas, Fondo Ambiental Nacional, 652 pp. [review in HR 49 (1): 152, 2018]
External links  
Is it interesting? Share with others:

Please submit feedback about this entry to the curator