Nothopsis rugosus COPE, 1871
Can you confirm these amateur observations of Nothopsis rugosus?
|Higher Taxa||Colubridae (Dipsadinae), Nothopsini, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)|
|Common Names||Rough Coffee Snake|
|Synonym||Nothopsis rugosus COPE 1871: 201|
Nothopsis rugosus — BOULENGER 1893: 176
Nothopsis affinis BOULENGER 1905: 453
Nothopsis torresi TAYLOR 1951: 31
Nothopsis rugosus — DUNN & DOWLING 1957: 255
Nothopsis rugosus — PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970: 225
Nothopsis rugosus — KÖHLER et al. 2004
Nothopsis rugosus — WALLACH et al. 2014: 489
|Distribution||Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama, |
W Colombia (Valle del Cauca), W Ecuador (250-900 m elevation)
Type locality: Isthmus of Darien, Panama
|Types||Holotype: USNM 12427|
Holotype: BMNH 19188.8.131.52, “Salidero, NW Ecuador, 350ft” [Nothopsis affinis]
Holotype: KU 28710, “’Morehead’ Finca, 5 miles southwest of Turrialba, Costa Rica” [Nothopsis torresi]
|Comment||Synonymy that of PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970, following Dunn & Dowling 1957.|
Gender. According to the ICZN, the gender of Nothopsis is feminine. See article 30.1.2. “a genus-group name that is or ends in a Greek word transliterated into Latin without other changes takes the gender given for that word in standard Greek dictionaries; Examples. [...] Names ending in -lepis (lepis), or -opsis (opsis) are feminine.”
Type species: Nothopsis rugosus COPE 1871: 201 is the type species of the genus Nothopsis COPE 1871.
Description (genus). A relatively small-sized (<350 mm SVL) dipsadine snake, ranging in Central and South America from Honduras to Colombia and Ecuador, in lowland and middle-elevation rainforests, 250-900 m, distinguishable from nearly all other similar or related snakes in the area by the rugose, granular nature of the dorsal scales, in particular lacking differentiation of the cephalic scales with the exception of well-defined internasals and poorly defined frontal and parietals, which are separated by rows of irregular, undifferentiated scales. Color pattern consists of irregular and poorly defined blotches of blackish or light, dark, and yellowish brown. With respect to the characters described here for diaphorolepidine species, Nothopsis rugosus typically exhibits 19–21 maxillary teeth, 9–13 supralabials, 11–16 infralabials, 149–162 ventrals, 81–112 subcaudals, dorsal scales in (24–30)-(26–30)-(22–26) rows, SVL of 151–320 mm, and tail length of 61–133 mm (Dunn and Dowling 1957) [PYRON et al. 2015: 135].
|Etymology||From the Greek nothos for “bastard” and opsis for “appearance,” with Cope (1871) apparently referring to putative mimicry of Bothrops atrox.|