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Oedura cincta DE VIS, 1888

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Higher TaxaDiplodactylidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos)
Common NamesE: Inland marbled velvet gecko 
SynonymOedura cincta DE VIS 1888
Oedura derelicta WELLS & WELLINGTON 1985: 14
Oedura cincta — OLIVER & DOUGHTY 2016
Oedura cincta — HOSKIN 2019 
DistributionAustralia (New South Wales, S Northern Territory, S Queensland, SE South Australia)

Type locality: Charleville, Queensland, Australia (lectotype locality)  
Reproductionoviparous (not imputed, fide Zimin et al. 2022) 
TypesLectotype: QM J226 (designated by OLIVER & DOUGHTY 2016); paralectotypes. AMS R5602, AMS R5603, localities as for lectotype.
Holotype: NTM R11413, from Jessie Gap, Alice Springs, Northern Territory [derelicta] 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: A large-bodied (SVL: mean 90 mm, max 108 mm) species in the O. marmorata complex, with a moderately broad head (HW/SVL 0.17–0.21), moderately long body length (Trk/SVL 0.42–0.53), moderately long tail (original TL/SVL 0.61–0.79) narrower than head and roughly circular in cross-section, rostral usually completely divided, apical lamellae wide (ToeW/SVL 0.023–0.036), subdigital lamellae in a flared series that on fingers 3 and 4 is wider than apical pair, 9–21 precloacal pores in adult males and dorsal pattern (especially conspicuous on juveniles) of 5 or 6 light transverse bands on purplish-brown background [OLIVER & DOUGHTY 2016: 162]. 
CommentSynonymy: after OLIVER & DOUGHTY 2016. This species has been considered as a synonym of O. marmorata but was revalidated by OLIVER & DOUGHTY 2016. Oedura derelicta Wells & Wellington, 1985 was diagnosed from O. marmorata by ‘the lack of transverse banding’ in the latter species. This diagnosis was made citing photographs of Oedura ‘derelicta’ in Bustard (1970, Plate 24) and O. ‘marmorata’ in Cogger (1983, Plate 1983). In contrast to this statement, relative to other populations in the O. marmorata species complex, adult central Australian specimens often have weak or no transverse bands (Fig. 5 in OLIVER & DOUGHTY 2016), and the specimen figured by Bustard appears to be a subadult. The specimen of ‘O. marmorata’ figured by Cogger (1983) from Mt Brockman in the Northern Territory represents the species described as O. gemmata by King and Gow in 1983, one of the few members of the O. marmorata species complex that lacks transverse bands at all size classes. OLIVER & DOUGHTY 2016, however, consider O. derelicta as a junior synonym of O. cincta.

Distribution: see map in OLIVER & DOUGHTY 2016: 153 
EtymologyNamed after the Latin verb “cingere” or “cinctum” = wearing a belt. 
  • Bustard, H. R. 1970. Australian Lizards. Sydney: Collins 162 pp. - get paper here
  • Cogger,H.G. 1983. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 3th ed. Reed, Sydney, 660 pp.
  • De Vis, C. W. 1888. A contribution to the herpetology of Queensland. Proc. Linn. Soc. New South Wales (2) 2: 811-826 [1887] - get paper here
  • HOSKIN, CONRAD J. 2019. Description of three new velvet geckos (Diplodactylidae: Oedura) from inland eastern Australia, and redescription of Oedura monilis De Vis. Zootaxa 4683 (2): 242–270 - get paper here
  • HOSKIN, CONRAD J.; STEPHEN M. ZOZAYA, ERIC VANDERDUYS 2018. A new species of velvet gecko (Diplodactylidae: Oedura) from sandstone habitats of inland north Queensland, Australia. Zootaxa 4486 (2): 101–114 - get paper here
  • King,M. & Gow,G. 1983. A new species of Oedura (Gekkonidae: Reptilia) from the Alligator Rivers region of northern Australia. Copeia 1983 (2): 445-449 - get paper here
  • Oliver PM, McDonald PJ. 2016. Young relicts and old relicts: a novel palaeoendemic vertebrate from the Australian Central Uplands. R. Soc. open sci. 3: 160018 - get paper here
  • OLIVER, PAUL M.; PAUL DOUGHTY 2016. Systematic revision of the marbled velvet geckos (Oedura marmorata species complex, Diplodactylidae) from the Australian arid and semi-arid zones. Zootaxa 4088 (2): 151–176 - get paper here
  • Swan, G.; Sadlier, R.; Shea, G. 2017. A field guide to reptiles of New South Wales. Reed New Holland, 328 pp.
  • Wells, R. W. and Wellington, C. R. 1985. A classification of the Amphibia and Reptilia of Australia. Australian Journal of Herpetology, Supplementary Series (1): 1-61 [sometimes cited as 1983] - get paper here
  • Zimin, A., Zimin, S. V., Shine, R., Avila, L., Bauer, A., Böhm, M., Brown, R., Barki, G., de Oliveira Caetano, G. H., Castro Herrera, F., Chapple, D. G., Chirio, L., Colli, G. R., Doan, T. M., Glaw, F., Grismer, L. L., Itescu, Y., Kraus, F., LeBreton 2022. A global analysis of viviparity in squamates highlights its prevalence in cold climates. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 00, 1–16 - get paper here
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