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Ogmodon vitianus PETERS, 1864

IUCN Red List - Ogmodon vitianus - Endangered, EN

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Higher TaxaElapidae (Hydrophiinae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Fijian ground snake, Fiji Cobra, bola 
SynonymOgmodon vitianus PETERS 1864: 275
Labionaris Filholii BROCCHI 1876: 94
Ogmodon vitianus — MCDOWELL 1970: 179
Ogmodon vitianus — WELCH 1994: 93
Ogmodon vitianus — WALLACH et al. 2014: 491 
DistributionFiji (Viti-Levu)

Type locality: “auf den höchsten Gebirgen der Fidji-Insel Viti-Levu”  
Reproductionoviparous, females produce 2-3 eggs. 
TypesLectotype: ZMB 5118 (designated by ZUG & INEICH 1993)
Paralectotype: ZMB 5043 
CommentSynonymy: after ZUG & INEICH 1993.


Type species: Ogmodon vitianus PETERS 1864 is the type species of the genus Ogmodon PETERS 1864.

Habitat: fossorial in forest soils of mountain valleys.

Diet: earthworms and soft-bodies insects and their larvae. 
  • Gorham, S. 1970. The rare Fiji snake Ogmodon vitianus Peters. Fiji Agricultural Journal 32:49-51
  • McDowell, Samuel B. 1970. On the status and relationships of the Solomon Island elapid snakes. Journal of Zoology, London 161: 145-190 - get paper here
  • Morrison, C. 2003. A Field Guide to the Herpetofauna of Fiji. Suva, Fiji: Institute of Applied Sciences, University of the South Pacific, 121 pp.
  • O’Shea, M. 2018. The Book of Snakes. Ivy Press / Quarto Publishing, London, - get paper here
  • Peters, W. 1864. Über neue Amphibien (Typhloscincus, Typhlops, Asthenodipsas, Ogmodon). Mber. k. preuss. Akad. Wiss.,Berlin: 271-276. - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Zug G R. Ineich I. 1993. Review of the biology and morphology of the Fijian bola Ogmodon vitianus (Elapidae). The Snake 25 (1): 9-20
  • ZUG, G.R. 2013. Reptiles and Amphibians of the Pacific Islands. University of California Press, Berkeley, 306 pp. - get paper here
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