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Oligodon ancorus (GIRARD, 1858)

IUCN Red List - Oligodon ancorus - Near Threatened, NT

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Higher TaxaColubridae, Colubrinae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesNorthern Short-headed Snake 
SynonymXenodon ancorus GIRARD 1858: 182
Simotes purpurascens — GÜNTHER 1858: 25 (part.)
Simotes phaenochalinus COPE 1860: 244
Simotes aphanospilus COPE 1860: 245
Simotes ancoralis — JAN 1865
Holarchus phaenochalinus GRIFFIN 1911:259
Holarchus ancorus — TAYLOR 1918
Holarchus burksi TAYLOR 1918: 365
Oligodon rhombifer WERNER 1924: 36
Rhynchocalamus phaenochalinus
Oligodon ancorus — LEVITON 1963: 463
Oligodon rhombifer — INGER & VORIS 2001
Oligodon rhombifer — TILLACK 2008
Oligodon ancorus — WALLACH et al. 2014: 493 
DistributionPhilippine Islands (Luzon, Mindoro); Type locality: “Manila, Luzon Island”

Type locality: not given in the original description, subsequently specified as “Manila, Luzon Island” (Girard 1858)

rhombifer: Indonesia (endemic to Sumatra); Type locality: Padang, Sumatra, Indonesia  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: USNM 5521 (formerly USNM 20)
Holotype: NMW 23436 [rhombifer]
Holotype: ANSP 3521 [aphanospilus]
Holotype: ANSP 3523; Philippine Islands, Manila [phaenochalinus] 
CommentSynonymy partly after Leviton, Systematics and Zoogeography of Philippine Snakes, Diss. 1959, and LEVITON 1963. Oligodon rhombifer has been synonymized with O. ancorus by TILLACK 2008. However, TILLACK & GÜNTHER 2010 say that ancorus is not found on Sumatra. 
References
  • Brown, Walter C.; Alcala, Angel C. 1970. The zoogeography of the herpetofauna of the Philippine Islands, a fringing archipelago. Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. 38 (6): 105-130 - get paper here
  • Brown; Rafe; Cameron Siler, Carl Oliveros, Luke Welton, Ashley Rock, John Swab, Merlijn Van Weerd, Jonah van Beijnen, Dominic Rodriguez, Edmund Jose, Arvin Diesmos 2013. The amphibians and reptiles of Luzon Island, Philippines, VIII: the herpetofauna of Cagayan and Isabela Provinces, northern Sierra Madre Mou ntain Range. ZooKeys 266 (2013) Special Issue: 1-120<br />doi: 10.3897/zookeys.266.3982 - get paper here
  • David,P. & Vogel,G. 1996. The snakes of Sumatra. An annotated checklist and key with natural history notes. Bücher Kreth, Frankfurt/M.
  • DEVAN-SONG, Anne and Rafe M. BROWN 2012. Amphibians and Reptiles of Luzon Island, Philippines, VI: The Herpetofauna of the Subic Bay Area. Asian Herpetological Research 3 (1): 1–20 - get paper here
  • Girard,C. 1858. Descriptions of some new Reptiles, collected by the US. Exploring Expedition under the command of Capt. Charles Wilkes, U.S.N. Third Part. Proc. Acad. nat. Sci. Philad. 9: 181-182 [1857] - get paper here
  • Inger, R.F. & Voris, H. K. 2001. The biogeographical relations of the frogs and snakes of Sundaland. Journal of Biogeography 28: 863-89 1
  • Jan, G. 1865. Iconographie générale des ophidiens. 11. Livraison. J.B. Bailière et Fils, Paris - get paper here
  • Leviton,A.E. 1963. Contributions to a review of Philippine snakes. I. The snakes of the genus Oligodon. Philippine J. Sci. 91 (4): 459-484 [1962] - get paper here
  • MCLEOD, David S.; Cameron D. SILER, Arvin C. DIESMOS, Mae L. DIESMOS, Vhon S. GARCIA, Angela O. ARKONCEO, Kelvin L. BALAQUIT, Charlene C. UY, Mariden M. VILLASERAN, Earle C. YARRA, Rafe M. BROWN 2011. Amphibians and Reptiles of Luzon Island, V: The Herpetofauna of Angat Dam Watershed, Bulacan Province, Luzon Island, Philippines. Asian Herpetological Research 2 (4): 177–198 - get paper here
  • Taylor, Edward H. 1918. Two new snakes of the genus Holarchus with descriptions of other Philippine species. Philippine Journal of Science 13 (6D): 359-369, 2 plates - get paper here
  • Tillack, Frank 2008. Oligodon rhombifer WERNER, 1924, A JUNIOR SYNONYM OF Oligodon ancorus (GIRARD, 1857) (REPTILIA: SQUAMATA: COLUBRIDAE). Russ. J. Herpetol. 15 (2): 122-128 - get paper here
  • Werner, F. 1924. Übersicht der Gattungen und Arten der Schlangen der Familie Colubridae. 2. Teil. Archiv für Naturgeschichte 90A (1): 108-166.
  • Werner, F. 1924. Neue oder wenig bekannte Schlangen aus dem Naturhistorischen Staatsmuseum in Wien. l. Teil. Sitzungsb. Ber. Akad. Wiss., Wien, Abt. l, 133: 29 - 56 - get paper here
 
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