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Oligodon ancorus (GIRARD, 1858)

IUCN Red List - Oligodon ancorus - Near Threatened, NT

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Higher TaxaColubridae, Colubrinae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Common NamesNorthern Short-headed Snake 
SynonymXenodon ancorus GIRARD 1858: 182
Simotes purpurascens — GÜNTHER 1858: 25 (part.)
Simotes phaenochalinus COPE 1860: 244
Simotes aphanospilus COPE 1860: 245
Simotes ancoralis — JAN 1865
Holarchus phaenochalinus GRIFFIN 1911:259
Holarchus ancorus — TAYLOR 1918
Holarchus burksi TAYLOR 1918: 365
Oligodon rhombifer WERNER 1924: 36
Rhynchocalamus phaenochalinus
Oligodon ancorus — LEVITON 1963: 463
Oligodon rhombifer — INGER & VORIS 2001
Oligodon rhombifer — TILLACK 2008
Oligodon ancorus — WALLACH et al. 2014: 493 
DistributionPhilippine Islands (Luzon, Mindoro); Type locality: “Manila, Luzon Island”

Type locality: not given in the original description, subsequently specified as “Manila, Luzon Island” (Girard 1858)

rhombifer: Indonesia (endemic to Sumatra); Type locality: Padang, Sumatra, Indonesia  
TypesHolotype: USNM 5521 (formerly USNM 20)
Holotype: NMW 23436 [rhombifer]
Holotype: ANSP 3521 [aphanospilus]
Holotype: ANSP 3523; Philippine Islands, Manila [phaenochalinus] 
CommentSynonymy partly after Leviton, Systematics and Zoogeography of Philippine Snakes, Diss. 1959, and LEVITON 1963. Oligodon rhombifer has been synonymized with O. ancorus by TILLACK 2008. However, TILLACK & GÜNTHER 2010 say that ancorus is not found on Sumatra. 
  • Brown, Walter C.; Alcala, Angel C. 1970. The zoogeography of the herpetofauna of the Philippine Islands, a fringing archipelago. Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. 38 (6): 105-130 - get paper here
  • Brown; Rafe; Cameron Siler, Carl Oliveros, Luke Welton, Ashley Rock, John Swab, Merlijn Van Weerd, J 2013. The amphibians and reptiles of Luzon Island, Philippines, VIII: the herpetofauna of Cagayan and Isabela Provinces, northern Sierra Madre Mou ntain Range. ZooKeys 266 (2013) Special Issue: 1-120<br />doi: 10.3897/zookeys.266.3982 - get paper here
  • David,P. & Vogel,G. 1996. The snakes of Sumatra. An annotated checklist and key with natural history notes. Bücher Kreth, Frankfurt/M.
  • DEVAN-SONG, Anne and Rafe M. BROWN 2012. Amphibians and Reptiles of Luzon Island, Philippines, VI: The Herpetofauna of the Subic Bay Area. Asian Herpetological Research 3 (1): 1–20 - get paper here
  • Girard,C. 1858. Descriptions of some new Reptiles, collected by the US. Exploring Expedition under the command of Capt. Charles Wilkes, U.S.N. Third Part. Proc. Acad. nat. Sci. Philad. 9: 181-182 [1857] - get paper here
  • Inger, R.F. & Voris, H. K. 2001. The biogeographical relations of the frogs and snakes of Sundaland. Journal of Biogeography 28: 863-89 1
  • Jan, G. 1865. Iconographie générale des ophidiens. 11. Livraison. J.B. Bailière et Fils, Paris - get paper here
  • Leviton,A.E. 1963. Contributions to a review of Philippine snakes. I. The snakes of the genus Oligodon. Philippine J. Sci. 91 (4): 459-484 [1962] - get paper here
  • MCLEOD, David S.; Cameron D. SILER, Arvin C. DIESMOS, Mae L. DIESMOS, Vhon S. GARCIA, Angela O. ARKO 2011. Amphibians and Reptiles of Luzon Island, V: The Herpetofauna of Angat Dam Watershed, Bulacan Province, Luzon Island, Philippines. Asian Herpetological Research 2 (4): 177–198 - get paper here
  • Taylor, Edward H. 1918. Two new snakes of the genus Holarchus with descriptions of other Philippine species. Philippine Journal of Science 13 (6D): 359-369, 2 plates - get paper here
  • Tillack, Frank 2008. Oligodon rhombifer WERNER, 1924, A JUNIOR SYNONYM OF Oligodon ancorus (GIRARD, 1857) (REPTILIA: SQUAMATA: COLUBRIDAE). Russian Journal of Herpetology 15 (2): 122-128 - get paper here
  • Werner, F. 1924. Neue oder wenig bekannte Schlangen aus dem Naturhistorischen Staatsmuseum in Wien. l. Teil. Sitzungsb. Ber. Akad. Wiss., Wien, Abt. l, 133: 29 - 56 - get paper here
  • Werner, F. 1924. Übersicht der Gattungen und Arten der Schlangen der Familie Colubridae. 2. Teil. Archiv für Naturgeschichte 90A (1): 108-166.
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