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Oligodon bitorquatus BOIE, 1827

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Higher TaxaColubridae, Colubrinae, Colubroidea, Serpentes (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesBoie's Kukri Snake 
SynonymOligodon bitorquatus BOIE 1827: 519
Oligodon sub-quadratum — DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL 1854: 55
Rabdosoma amboinense BLEEKER 1860
Oligodon subquadratus — JAN 1865
Oligodon bitorquatus — MERTENS 1930
Oligodon bitorquatus — KOPSTEIN 1938
Oligodon bitorquatus — MANTHEY & GROSSMANN 1997: 368
Oligodon bitorquatus — DAVID & VOGEL 2012 
DistributionIndonesia (Sumatra ?, Java, Sumbawa)

Type locality: Java  
Typesholotype: RMNH 
CommentNot listed for Borneo by MALKMUS et al. (2002) which was probably an erroneous locality (TILLACK et al. 2008). Also, BLEEKER’s report from Amboina seems to be an erronous report too.

Type species: Oligodon bitorquatus BOIE 1827 is the type species of the genus Oligodon FITZINGER 1826 (or Oligodon BOIE 1827 fide DE ROOIJEN 2011). 
EtymologyEtymology: Members of this genus are called Kukri snakes in popular nomenclature because of the presence of one to three large posterior maxillary teeth which resemble a Ghurkan kukri knife (Smith, 1943; Tweedie, 1983). Those teeth are used to open reptile eggs (Coleman et al., 1993) which constitute the primary food source for many species of this genus. Another conspicuous character of this genus is a rather blunt head terminating in a large rostral shield (Malkmus et al., 2002; Manthey and Grossmann, 1997) which is an adaptation for burrowing. All species are terrestrial, semifossorial snakes [from DE ROOIJEN et al. 2011]. 
References
  • Bleeker, P. 1860. Over de Reptiliën-Fauna van Amboina. Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië 22: 39-43 - get paper here
  • Boie, F. 1827. Bemerkungen über Merrem's Versuch eines Systems der Amphibien, 1. Lieferung: Ophidier. Isis van Oken 20: 508-566. - get paper here
  • DAVID, PATRICK & GERNOT VOGEL 2012. A new species of the genus Oligodon Fitzinger, 1826 (Squamata: Colubridae) from Pulau Nias, Indonesia. Zootaxa 3201: 58–68
  • Duméril, A.M.C., G. BIBRON & A.H.A. DUMÉRIL 1854. Erpétologie générale ou Histoire Naturelle complète des Reptiles. Vol. 7 (partie 1). Paris, xvi + 780 S. - get paper here
  • Jan, G. 1865. Iconographie générale des ophidiens. 13. Livraison. [Homalosoma mite] J.B. Bailière et Fils, Paris - get paper here
  • Kopstein, F. 1938. Ein Beitrag zur Eierkunde und zur Fortpflanzung der Malaiischen Reptilien. Bull. Raffl. Mus. No 14: 81-167
  • Lang, Ruud de 2012. Snakes of the Lesser Sunda Islands (Nusa Tenggara), Indonesia. Edition Chimaira, 349 pp.
  • Manthey, U. & Grossmann, W. 1997. Amphibien & Reptilien Südostasiens. Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 512 pp. - get paper here
  • Mertens, R. 1930. Die Amphibien und Reptilien der Inseln Bali, Lombok, Sumbawa und Flores. Senck. Naturf. Gesell., Frankfurt am Main, Abhandl. 42(3): 117-344.
  • Rooijen, Johan van; Perry L. Wood Jr.,,, Jesse L. Grismer,, L. Lee Grismer, and Wolfgang Grossmann 2011. Color Pattern Dimorphism in the Colubrid Snake Oligodon purpurascens (Schlegel, 1837) (Reptilia: Squamata). Russian Journal of Herpetology 18 (3): 215 – 220 - get paper here
  • Tillack, Frank 2008. Oligodon rhombifer WERNER, 1924, A JUNIOR SYNONYM OF Oligodon ancorus (GIRARD, 1857) (REPTILIA: SQUAMATA: COLUBRIDAE). Russian Journal of Herpetology 15 (2): 122-128 - get paper here
  • Tillack, Frank and Rainer Günther 2010. Revision of the Species of Oligodon from Sumatra and Adjacent Islands, with Comments on the Taxonomic Status of Oligodon subcarinatus (Günther, 1872) and Oligodon annulifer (Boulenger, 1893) from Borneo (Reptilia, Squamata, Colubridae). Russ. J. Herpetol. 16 (4): 265-294 [2009] - get paper here
  • Tillack, Frank; Christoph Kucharzewski, Aaron M. Bauer and Van Wallach 2008. Simotes semicinctus Peters, 1862, a junior synonym of Coronella austriaca Laurenti, 1768 (Squamata, Ser pentes, Colubridae). Zoosyst. Evol . 84 (1): 67 – 70
 
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