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Oligodon calamarius (LINNAEUS, 1758)

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Higher TaxaColubridae, Colubrinae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common Names 
SynonymColuber Calamarius LINNAEUS 1758: 216
Oligodon templetonii GÜNTHER 1862: 57 (fide SMITH 1943)
Oligodon templetoni — BOULENGER 1890
Oligodon templetoni — WALL 1921: 245
Oligodon calamarius — SMITH 1943: 228
Oligodon calamarius — DAS 1996: 58
Oligodon calamarius — SURANJAN KARUNARATHNA 2009
Oligodon calamarius — WALLACH et al. 2014: 495 
DistributionSri Lanka

Type locality: “America” (in error)  
TypesType: BMNH 1946.1.21.70 (and possibly additional specimens). 
CommentNomenclature: The name calamarius was replaced by templetoni because Coluber calamarius was considered as a legitimate type species of Calamaria [see Brongersma et al, 1966, Bull Zool Nomencl. 22] fide F. WAGNER (pers. comm.). However, Calamaria linnaei was later declared the type species of Calamaria by ICZN Opinion 2196. Renamed from templetoni to calamarius fide Ruchira Somaweera who also says that records from India are erroneous (pers. comm.). C. calamarius is thus the correct name (P. DAVID, pers. comm. 13 Sep 2011).

Synonymy: Kaiser et al. 2013 considered the generic names Cottonkukri Hoser 2012, Crottykukrius Hoser 2012, Dannyelfakharikukri Hoser 2012, Daviekukri Hoser 2012, Funkikukri Hoser 2012, Geddykukrius Hoser 2012, Harrigankukriae Hoser 2012, Hoserkukriae Hoser 2012, Hugheskukri Hoser 2012, Moseselfakharikukri Hoser 2012, Ninkukri Hoser 2012, Oxykukrius Hoser 2012, Sammykukriae Hoser 2012, Smythkukri Hoser 2012 invalid and rejected their use instead of Oligodon. 
EtymologyNamed in honour of Dr. R. Templeton who obtained the first known Ceylon specimen. 
  • Boulenger, George A. 1890. The Fauna of British India, Including Ceylon and Burma. Reptilia and Batrachia. Taylor & Francis, London, xviii, 541 pp. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, George A. 1894. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum (Natural History). Volume II., Containing the Conclusion of the Colubridæ Aglyphæ. British Mus. (Nat. Hist.), London, xi, 382 pp. - get paper here
  • DAVID, PATRICK & GERNOT VOGEL 2012. A new species of the genus Oligodon Fitzinger, 1826 (Squamata: Colubridae) from Pulau Nias, Indonesia. Zootaxa 3201: 58–68 - get paper here
  • Günther, ALBERT 1862. On new species of snakes in the collection of the British Museum. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (3) 9: 52-67. - get paper here
  • Hoser, R.T. 2012. A review of kukri snakes, currently referred to the genus Oligodon Fitzinger, 1826, with a division into twelve genera, four further subgenera and the creation of a tribe to accommodate them (Serpentes: Colubridae). Australasian J. Herpetol. 13:15–34. - get paper here
  • Kaiser, H.; Crother, B.I.; Kelly, C.M.R.; Luiselli, L.; O’Shea, M.; Ota, H.; Passos, P.; Schleip, W.D. & Wüster, W. 2013. Best Practices: In the 21st Century, Taxonomic Decisions in Herpetology are Acceptable Only When Supported by a Body of Evidence and Published via Peer-Review. Herpetological Review 44 (1): 8-23
  • Karunarathna, D. M. S. S. and A. A. T. Amarasinghe 2012. Reptile diversity in Beraliya Mukalana proposed forest reserve, Galle District - Sri Lanka. Taprobanica 4 (1): 20-26 - get paper here
  • Karunarathna, D.M.S.S 2009. Prädation von Oligodon calamarius (Linnaeus, 1758) durch Ptyas mucosa (Linnaeus, 1758) im Atweltota Forest in Sri Lanka beobachtet. Sauria 31 (4): 51-52 - get paper here
  • Linnaeus, C. 1758. Systema naturæ per regna tria naturæ, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Tomus I. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentii Salvii, Holmiæ. 10th Edition: 824 pp. - get paper here
  • Smith, M.A. 1943. The Fauna of British India, Ceylon and Burma, Including the Whole of the Indo-Chinese Sub-Region. Reptilia and Amphibia. 3 (Serpentes). Taylor and Francis, London. 583 pp.
  • Ukuwela, K.D.B., de Silva, A., Sivaruban, A. et al. 2022. Diversity, distribution, and natural history of the marine snakes of Sri Lanka. Marine Biodiversity 52, 24 (2022) - get paper here
  • VELAUTHEM, V.A. & JAYANETHTHI, H.B. 2016. Sri Lanka-Wolfszahnnatter, Lycodon carinatus (Kuhl, 1820), frisst Templetons Kukrinatter, Oligodon calamarius (Linnaeus, 1754), im Sinharaja-Regenwald, Sri Lanka. Sauria 38 (4): 60-62 - get paper here
  • Wall, FRANK 1921. Ophidia Taprobanica or the Snakes of Ceylon. Colombo Mus. (H. R. Cottle, govt. printer), Colombo. xxii, 581 pages - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
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