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Oligodon cinereus (GÜNTHER, 1864)

IUCN Red List - Oligodon cinereus - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaColubridae, Colubrinae, Colubroidea, Serpentes (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Günther's Kukri Snake, Ashy Kukri Snake
G: Graue Kukrinatter 
SynonymSimotes cinereus GÜNTHER 1864
Oligodon cinereus — SMITH 1940
Simotes swinhonis GÜNTHER 1864
Simotes multifasciatus JAN 1865 (fide SMITH 1943: 215)
Simotes cinereus GÜNTHER 1864
Simotes semifasciatus ANDERSON 1871: 16 (fide SMITH 1943: 215)
Simotes violaceus BOULENGER 1890 (non CANTOR; fide SMITH 1943)
Holarchus dolleyanus COPE 1895: 423
Holarchus violaceus swinhonis — MELL 1931 [1929]
Holarchus violaceus tamdaoensis BOURRET 1935
Oligodon swinhonis tamdaoensis HU et al. 1973
Oligodon cinereus — DAS 1996: 58
Oligodon cinereus — STUART et al. 2006 
DistributionIndia (Assam; Arunachal Pradesh (Miao – Changlang district, Chessa, Chimpu, Itanagar – Papum Pare district) [A. Captain, pers. comm.]), Bangladesh, Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam (Binh Thuan etc.), Myanmar (= Burma), Thailand, N West Malaysia, China (westward to Yunnan, incl. Hong Kong and Hainan, Guangxi, Fujian, Guangdong, Hong Kong)

Type locality. “Gamboja”, now Cambodia. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
TypesHolotype: BMNH RR 1946.1.1.25 (adult male).
Holotype: ANSP 11432; China, Hainan [dolleyanus] 
CommentDistribution: Not listed by GRANDISON 1977 for West Malaysia or Singapore. O. cinereus was reported from Borneo by DE ROOIJ (1917) under the name O. violaceus, but does not occur on Borneo according to MALKMUS et al. (2002). Specimens from Thailand identified as Oligodon cinereus multifasciatus and Oligodon cinereus swinhonis (Günther, 1864) are referred to Oligodon joynsoni (Smith, 1917) according to DAVID et al. 2011. Possibly in Bhutan (Lenz 2012).

Subspecies: A morphologically variable species, Oligodon cinereus shows a variety of dorsal patterns (see Smith 1943), which have been used as a basis for describing several subspecies. However, the current intraspecific taxonomy of this species remains unresolved. Wagner (1975) showed in his unpublished MSc thesis that the differences between the various subspecies were unclear. Wagner refrained from accepting subspecies, a position that was followed by DAVID et al. 2011.

O. cinereus is really several species (O. cinereus Günther (including O.
v. pallidocinctus Bourret), O. swinhonis (Günther), O. multifasciatus
(Jan) (including S. v. tamdaoensis Bourret), O. poilani (Bourret)
(including S. v. plurimaculatus Bourret) [F. WAGNER, pers. comm.].

The original description is available online (see link below). 
EtymologyNamed after its color, Latin “cinis, cineris” = ash. 
References
  • Anderson, J. 1871. A list of the reptilian accession to the Indian Museum, Calcutta, from 1865 to 1870, with a description of some new species. J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, Calcutta, 40, part 11(1): 12-39. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, George A. 1890. The Fauna of British India, Including Ceylon and Burma. Reptilia and Batrachia. Taylor & Francis, London, xviii, 541 pp. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, George A. 1894. Catalogue of the Snakes in the British Museum (Natural History). Volume II., Containing the Conclusion of the Colubridæ Aglyphæ. British Mus. (Nat. Hist.), London, xi, 382 pp. - get paper here
  • DAVID, PATRICK; INDRANEIL DAS & GERNOT VOGEL 2011. On some taxonomic and nomenclatural problems in Indian species of the genus Oligodon Fitzinger, 1826 (Squamata: Colubridae). Zootaxa 2799: 1–14 - get paper here
  • DAVID, PATRICK; TRUONG QUANG NGUYEN, TAO THIEN NGUYEN, KE JIANG, TIANBO CHEN, ALEXANDRE TEYNIÉ & THO 2012. A new species of the genus Oligodon Fitzinger, 1826 (Squamata: Colubridae) from northern Vietnam, southern China and central Laos. Zootaxa 3498: 45–62 - get paper here
  • Dowling, H.G., & Jenner, J.V. 1988. Snakes of Burma: checklist of reported species and bibliography. Smithsonian Herp. Inf. Serv. (76): 19 pp. - get paper here
  • Geissler, Peter, Truong Quang Nguyen, Nikolay A. Poyarkov & Wolfgang Böhme 2011. New records of snakes from Cat Tien National Park, Dong Nai and Lam Dong provinces, southern Vietnam. Bonn zoological Bulletin 60 (1): 9-16 - get paper here
  • Geissler, Peter; Alexander R. Krohn, Daniel Rennert 2011. Herpetofaunal records in coastal dune areas, Binh Thuan Province, Southern Vietnam, with the rediscovery of Oligodon macrurus Angel, 1927. Russian Journal of Herpetology 18 (4): 317–324 - get paper here
  • Green, Marc D.; Nikolai L. Orlov and Robert W. Murphy 2010. Toward a Phylogeny of the Kukri Snakes, Genus Oligodon. Asian Herpetological Research 1 (1): 1-21 - get paper here
  • Günther, A. 1864. The Reptiles of British India. London (Taylor & Francis), xxvii + 452 pp. - get paper here
  • Hu Shu-ch'in, Zhao Ermi, & Liu Ch'eng-chao 1973. [A survey of amphibians & reptiles in Kweichow Province, including a herpetofaunal analysis]. Acta Zool. Sinica 19(2): 149-181. - get paper here
  • Jan, G. 1865. Iconographie générale des ophidiens. 12. Livraison. J.B. Bailière et Fils, Paris - get paper here
  • JIANG, Ke; Tianbo CHEN, Patrick DAVID, Gernot VOGEL, Mian HOU, Zhiyong YUAN, Yuanjun MENG and Jing C 2012. On the Occurrence of Oligodon joynsoni (Smith, 1917) in China (Squamata: Colubridae). Asian Herpetological Research 3(4): 316–321 - get paper here
  • Lenz, Norbert 2012. Von Schmetterlingen und Donnerdrachen - Natur und Kultur in Bhutan. Karslruher Naturhefte 4, Naturkundemuseum Karslruhe, 124 pp.
  • Mell,R. 1931. List of Chinese snakes. Lingnan Sci. Jour., Canton, 8 [1929]: 199-219.
  • Sang, Nguyen Van; Ho Thu Cuc, Nguyen, Quang Truong 2009. Herpetofauna of Vietnam. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 768 pp.
  • Sharma, R. C. 2004. Handbook Indian Snakes. AKHIL BOOKS, New Delhi, 292 pp.
  • Smith, M.A. 1943. The Fauna of British India, Ceylon and Burma, Including the Whole of the Indo-Chinese Sub-Region. Reptilia and Amphibia. 3 (Serpentes). Taylor and Francis, London. 583 pp.
  • Stuart, B.; Sok, K. & Neang, T. 2006. A collection of amphibians and reptiles from hilly Eastern Cambodia. Raffl. Bull. Zool. 54 (1): 129-155
  • Taylor,E.H. 1965. The serpents of Thailand and adjacent waters. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 45 (9): 609-1096 - get paper here
  • THY NEANG, L. LEE GRISMER & JENNIFER C. DALTRY 2012. A new species of kukri snake (Colubridae: Oligodon Fitzinger, 1826) from the Phnom Samkos Wildlife Sanctuary, Cardamom Mountains, southwest Cambodia. Zootaxa 3388: 41–55 - get paper here
  • Tillack, Frank 2008. Oligodon rhombifer WERNER, 1924, A JUNIOR SYNONYM OF Oligodon ancorus (GIRARD, 1857) (REPTILIA: SQUAMATA: COLUBRIDAE). Russian Journal of Herpetology 15 (2): 122-128 - get paper here
  • VASSILIEVA, ANNA B.; PETER GEISSLER, EDUARD A. GALOYAN, NIKOLAY Jr A. POYARKOV, ROBERT WAYNE VAN DEV 2013. A new species of Kukri Snake (Oligodon Fitzinger, 1826; Squamata: Colubridae) from the Cat Tien National Park, southern Vietnam. Zootaxa 3702 (3): 233–246 - get paper here
 
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