Oligodon cinereus (GÜNTHER, 1864)
|Higher Taxa||Colubridae, Colubrinae, Colubroidea, Serpentes (snakes)|
|Common Names||E: Günther's Kukri Snake, Ashy Kukri Snake|
G: Graue Kukrinatter
|Synonym||Simotes cinereus GÜNTHER 1864|
Oligodon cinereus — SMITH 1940
Simotes swinhonis GÜNTHER 1864
Simotes multifasciatus JAN 1865 (fide SMITH 1943: 215)
Simotes cinereus GÜNTHER 1864
Simotes semifasciatus ANDERSON 1871: 16 (fide SMITH 1943: 215)
Simotes violaceus BOULENGER 1890 (non CANTOR; fide SMITH 1943)
Holarchus dolleyanus COPE 1895: 423
Holarchus violaceus swinhonis — MELL 1931 
Holarchus violaceus tamdaoensis BOURRET 1935
Oligodon swinhonis tamdaoensis HU et al. 1973
Oligodon cinereus — DAS 1996: 58
Oligodon cinereus — STUART et al. 2006
|Distribution||India (Assam; Arunachal Pradesh (Miao – Changlang district, Chessa, Chimpu, Itanagar – Papum Pare district) [A. Captain, pers. comm.]), Bangladesh, Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam (Binh Thuan etc.), Myanmar (= Burma), Thailand, N West Malaysia, China (westward to Yunnan, incl. Hong Kong and Hainan, Guangxi, Fujian, Guangdong, Hong Kong)|
Type locality. “Gamboja”, now Cambodia. Map legend:
- Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.
NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
|Types||Holotype: BMNH RR 19220.127.116.11 (adult male).|
Holotype: ANSP 11432; China, Hainan [dolleyanus]
|Comment||Distribution: Not listed by GRANDISON 1977 for West Malaysia or Singapore. O. cinereus was reported from Borneo by DE ROOIJ (1917) under the name O. violaceus, but does not occur on Borneo according to MALKMUS et al. (2002). Specimens from Thailand identified as Oligodon cinereus multifasciatus and Oligodon cinereus swinhonis (Günther, 1864) are referred to Oligodon joynsoni (Smith, 1917) according to DAVID et al. 2011. Possibly in Bhutan (Lenz 2012).|
Subspecies: A morphologically variable species, Oligodon cinereus shows a variety of dorsal patterns (see Smith 1943), which have been used as a basis for describing several subspecies. However, the current intraspecific taxonomy of this species remains unresolved. Wagner (1975) showed in his unpublished MSc thesis that the differences between the various subspecies were unclear. Wagner refrained from accepting subspecies, a position that was followed by DAVID et al. 2011.
O. cinereus is really several species (O. cinereus Günther (including O.
v. pallidocinctus Bourret), O. swinhonis (Günther), O. multifasciatus
(Jan) (including S. v. tamdaoensis Bourret), O. poilani (Bourret)
(including S. v. plurimaculatus Bourret) [F. WAGNER, pers. comm.].
The original description is available online (see link below).
|Etymology||Named after its color, Latin “cinis, cineris” = ash.|
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