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Oligodon cyclurus (CANTOR, 1839)

IUCN Red List - Oligodon cyclurus - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaColubridae, Colubrinae, Colubroidea, Serpentes (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Cantor's Kukri Snake
G: Variable Kukrinatter 
SynonymCoronella cyclura CANTOR 1839: 50
Coronella violacea CANTOR 1839
Simotes bicatenatus GÜNTHER 1864
Simotes cochinchinensis GÜNTHER 1864
Simotes brevicauda STEINDACHNER 1867
Simotes bicatenatus — STOLICZKA 1873
Simotes cyclurus — BOULENGER 1890
Simotes cyclurus — WALL 1908: 780
Simotes albocinctus dorsolateralis WALL 1909 (fide WAGNER, pers. comm.)
Simotes albocinctus var. dorsolateralis — WALL 1910
Holarchus cyclurus — SMITH 1920
Oligodon purpurascens WALL 1923 (non SCHLEGEL)
Simotes smithi WERNER 1925
Holarchus purpurascens — COCHRAN 1930
Oligodon cyclurus — SMITH 1943: 202
Oligodon dorsolateralis — TAYLOR 1965
Rhynchocalamus violaceus
Olygodon [sic] cyclurus — SCHULZ 1988
Oligodon dorsolateralis — DAS 1996: 58
Oligodon dorsolateralis — CHAN-ARD et al. 1999: 34
Oligodon dorsolateralis — PAUWELS et al. 2002
Oligodon cyclurus — GREEN et al. 2010
Oligodon cyclurus — DAVID et al. 2011 
DistributionIndia (Assam), Myanmar (= Burma), Thailand , Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam, China (Yunnan), Nepal, Bangladesh

dorsolateralis: Thailand, Myanmar (= Burma), India (Assam)

Type locality: Bankok, Thailand [designated by CAMPDEN-MAIN 1970 as no type locality had been designated before]. Neotype locality: “Kaliganz, Rangpur District, Bangladesh”, now Subdistrict of Kaligunj, Lalmonirhat District, Bangladesh (DAVID et al. 2011). Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
TypesNeotype: USNM 72067 (designated by CAMPDEN-MAIN 1970; invalid, see DAVID et al.2011).
Neotype 2: BMNH 1940.3.4.41 (adult male), designated by DAVID et al. 2011. 
CommentSynonymy tentatively (mostly) after SMITH 1943: 202. Oligodon kheriensis ACHARJI & RAY 1936 has been removed from the synonymy of Oligodon cyclurus by DAVID et al. 2011. Oligodon cyclurus smithi and O. c. superfluens (TAYLOR 1965) become synonyms of O. fasciolatus fide PAUWELS et al. (2003).

Types: Note that two neotypes have been designated: one by (CAMPDEN-MAIN 1970) and one by WAGNER (1975) in an unpublished thesis.

Similar species: Has been confused with O. fasciolatus, a population with 21 or 23 scale rows at midbody from SE Myanmar, Thailand, Cambodia, Laos and Vietnam. O. cylurus has 19 scale rows and is restricted to India, Bangladesh and Myanmar fide PAUWELS et al. 2002.

Distribution: Possibly in Bhutan (Lenz 2012). 
References
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1893. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. London (Taylor & Francis), 448 pp. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, George A. 1890. The Fauna of British India, Including Ceylon and Burma. Reptilia and Batrachia. Taylor & Francis, London, xviii, 541 pp. - get paper here
  • Campden-Main, S.M. 1970. The Identity of Oligodon cyclurus (CANTOR, 1839) and Revalidation of Oligodon brevicauda (STEINDACHNER, 1867) (Serpentes: Colubridae) Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 82 (58): 763-765 - get paper here
  • Cantor, T. E. 1839. Spicilegium serpentium indicorum [part 1]. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1839: 31-34 - get paper here
  • Chan-ard,T.; Grossmann,W.; Gumprecht,A. & Schulz,K. D. 1999. Amphibians and reptiles of peninsular Malaysia and Thailand - an illustrated checklist [bilingual English and German]. Bushmaster Publications, Würselen, Gemany, 240 pp. [book review in Russ. J Herp. 7: 87] - get paper here
  • Cox, Merel J. 1991. The Snakes of Thailand and their Husbandry. Krieger, Malabar, FL, xxxviii + 526 pp.
  • Cox, Merel J.; Van Dijk, Peter Paul; Jarujin Nabhitabhata & Thirakhupt,Kumthorn 1998. A Photographic Guide to Snakes and Other Reptiles of Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore and Thailand. Ralph Curtis Publishing, 144 pp.
  • Das , I. 2004. On neotype designations for Coronella cyclura Cantor, 1839 (Serpentes: Colubridae). Hamadryad 29 (1): 133-134 - get paper here
  • Das,I. 1996. Biogeography of the Reptiles of South Asia. Krieger Publishing Company, Malabar, Florida
  • David, P.; Vogel, G. & Pauwels, O.S.G. 2008. A new species of the genus Oligodon Fitzinger, 1826 (Squamata: Colubridae) from southern Vietnam and Cambodia. Zootaxa 1939: 19–37 - get paper here
  • DAVID, PATRICK; INDRANEIL DAS & GERNOT VOGEL 2011. On some taxonomic and nomenclatural problems in Indian species of the genus Oligodon Fitzinger, 1826 (Squamata: Colubridae). Zootaxa 2799: 1–14 - get paper here
  • DAVID, Patrick; MEREL J. COX, OLIVIER S. G. PAUWELS, LAWAN CHANHOME AND KUMTHORN THIRAKHUPT 2004. Book Review - When a bookreview is not sufficient to say all: an in-depth analysis of a recent book on the snakes of Thailand, with an updated checklist of the snakes of the Kingdom. The Natural History Journal of Chulalongkorn University 4(1): 47-80 - get paper here
  • Dowling, H.G., & Jenner, J.V. 1988. Snakes of Burma: checklist of reported species and bibliography Smithsonian Herp. Inf. Serv. (76): 19 pp. - get paper here
  • Fischer, J. G. 1881. Herpetologische Bemerkungen vorzugsweise über Stücke des Naturhistorischen Museums in Bremen. Abhandlungen des Naturwissenschaftlichen Vereins in Bremen, 7: 225-238 [Nov. 1881]
  • Green, Marc D.; Nikolai L. Orlov and Robert W. Murphy 2010. Toward a Phylogeny of the Kukri Snakes, Genus Oligodon. Asian Herpetological Research 1 (1): 1-21 - get paper here
  • Grossmann, W. 1992. Beitrag zur Biologie der Kukri-Natter Oligodon cyclurus smithi (WERNER, 1925). Sauria 14 (2): 3-10 - get paper here
  • Lenz, Norbert 2012. Von Schmetterlingen und Donnerdrachen - Natur und Kultur in Bhutan. Karslruher Naturhefte 4, Naturkundemuseum Karslruhe, 124 pp.
  • Longhitano, F. 2007. Thailand - Faszination Herpetofauna. Reptilia (Münster) 12 (63): 42-50 - get paper here
  • Pauwels, O.S.G., Wallach, V., David, P. & Chanhome, L. 2002. A New Species of Oligodon (Serpentes, Colubridae) from Southern Peninsular Thailand. Natural History Journal of Chulalongkorn University, 2 (2): 7-18 - get paper here
  • Pauwels, O.S.G.; David, P.; Chimsunchart, C. & Thirakhupt, K. 2003. Reptiles of Phetchaburi Province, Western Thailand: a list of species, with natural history notes, and a discussion on the biogeography at the Isthmus of Kra. Natural History Journal of Chulalongkorn University 3 (1): 23-53 - get paper here
  • Pauwels, O.S.G.; Kunya, K. & Vogel, G. 2008. Über ein Albinoexemplar von Oligodon fasciolatus (Serpentes: Colubridae) aus Thailand. Elaphe 16 (2): 54-56 - get paper here
  • Rahman, Shahriar Caesar;,, S.M.A. Rashid, Kanai Das, Luca Luiselli,∗ 2013. Composition and structure of a snake assemblage in an altered tropical forest-plantation mosaic in Bangladesh. Amphibia-Reptilia 34 (3): 41-50
  • Schleich, H.H. & Kästle, W. 2002. Amphibians and Reptiles of Nepal. Koeltz, Königstein, 1200 pp. [review in Reptilia 40: 87]
  • Schmidt, D. & Kunz, K. 2005. Ernährung von Schlangen. Natur und Tier Verlag, Münster, 159 pp. - get paper here
  • Schulz, Klaus-Dieter 1987. Erfahrungen mit Kukri-Nattern der Gattung Oligodon (BOIE 1827). Herpetofauna 9 (52): 32-34 - get paper here
  • Sclater,W.L. 1891. Notes on a collection of snakes in the Indian Museum, with descriptions of several new species. J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal LX: 230-250 - get paper here
  • Sharma, R. C. 2004. Handbook Indian Snakes. AKHIL BOOKS, New Delhi, 292 pp.
  • Smith, M.A. 1943. The Fauna of British India, Ceylon and Burma, Including the Whole of the Indo-Chinese Sub-Region. Reptilia and Amphibia. 3 (Serpentes). Taylor and Francis, London. 583 pp.
  • Stoliczka,F. 1873. Notes on some species of Malayan Amphibia and reptilia. J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal 42: 111-126 - get paper here
  • Taylor,E.H. 1965. The serpents of Thailand and adjacent waters. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 45 (9): 609-1096 - get paper here
  • THY NEANG, L. LEE GRISMER & JENNIFER C. DALTRY 2012. A new species of kukri snake (Colubridae: Oligodon Fitzinger, 1826) from the Phnom Samkos Wildlife Sanctuary, Cardamom Mountains, southwest Cambodia. Zootaxa 3388: 41–55 - get paper here
  • Wall, FRANK 1910. Notes on snakes collected in the Jalpaiguri district. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 19 (4): 897-900 - get paper here
  • Wall,F. 1908. Remarks on some recently acquired snakes. J. Bombay nat. Hist. Soc. 18: 778-784 - get paper here
  • Zhao,E. & Adler,K. 1993. Herpetology of China. SSAR, Oxford/Ohio, 1-522
 
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