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Oligodon ocellatus (MORICE, 1875)

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Higher TaxaColubridae, Colubrinae, Colubroidea, Serpentes (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesOcellated Kukri Snake 
SynonymSimotes ocellatus MORICE 1875: 61
Simotes brevicauda STEINDACHNER 1867 (not GÜNTHER 1862)
Oligodon analepticos CAMPDEN-MAIN 1970 (nom. nov.)
Oligodon ocellatus — STUART et al. 2006 
DistributionE Cambodia (Kompong Cham), S Vietnam ((Binh Tri Thien, Quang Nam-Da Nang, Dac Lac, Phu Khanh, Lam Dong, Tay Ninh, Dong Nai), 0-300 m elevation, Laos

Type locality: "Tay-ninh, Cochinchine Française." [=Tay Ninh, Tay Ninh Province, southern Vietnam, 11° 18'N, 106° 06'E].

Terra typica (O. analepticos): “Cochinchina” Map legend:
Type locality - Type locality.
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
TypesSyntypes: MHNL 1569a-b, 1571, and 1572, two males and two females, 539-663 mm (A. Morice). 
CommentCAMPDEN-MAIN 1970 considered Simotes brevicauda STEINDACHNER as a secondary homonym of Oligodon brevicauda GÜNTHER 1862. Thus a new name, Oligodon analepticos was proposed by CAMPDEN-MAIN 1970.

CAMPDEN-MAIN provided this diagnosis for P. analepticos: “Scales smooth, in 19 rows at neck, reducing to 17 rows between 80th and 97th ventral, reducing to 15 rows between 95th and 117th ventral. Maxillary teeth 10 or 11, last three abruptly enlarged and recurbed. Venter immaculate.”

Diagnosis. A species of the genus Oligodon cyclurus-group, characterized by (1) long and deeply forked hemipenes, reaching 15th–17th SC, thin, smooth and not spinose throughout; (2) 19–19–15 (rarely 13) dorsal scale rows; (3) reductions between 19 and 17 rows occurring between VEN 79–107 (mean 90.3); (4) a very short tail, TaL/TL 0.097–0.141; (5) 9–11 maxillary teeth, the last two or three strongly enlarged; (6) anal plate single; (6) head scalation complete, including a presubocular; (7) 8 (rarely 7) supralabials; (9) 2 anterior temporals; and (10) a typically blotched dorsal pattern, with large blotches in most specimens, or sometimes merely a reticulated pattern with very faint blotches (DAVID et al. 2008). 
References
  • Campden-Main, S.M. 1970. The Identity of Oligodon cyclurus (CANTOR, 1839) and Revalidation of Oligodon brevicauda (STEINDACHNER, 1867) (Serpentes: Colubridae). Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 82 (58): 763-765 - get paper here
  • David, P.; Vogel, G. & Pauwels, O.S.G. 2008. A new species of the genus Oligodon Fitzinger, 1826 (Squamata: Colubridae) from southern Vietnam and Cambodia. Zootaxa 1939: 19–37 - get paper here
  • Geissler, Peter, Truong Quang Nguyen, Nikolay A. Poyarkov & Wolfgang Böhme 2011. New records of snakes from Cat Tien National Park, Dong Nai and Lam Dong provinces, southern Vietnam. Bonn zoological Bulletin 60 (1): 9-16 - get paper here
  • Green, Marc D.; Nikolai L. Orlov and Robert W. Murphy 2010. Toward a Phylogeny of the Kukri Snakes, Genus Oligodon. Asian Herpetological Research 1 (1): 1-21 - get paper here
  • Morice, A. 1875. Coup d’oeil sur la faune de la Cochinchine française. H. Georg, Lyon, 101 pp.
  • Saint-Girons, H. 1972. Les Serpents du Cambodge. Mémoires du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Série A, Zoologie 74: 1-170
  • Sang, Nguyen Van; Ho Thu Cuc, Nguyen, Quang Truong 2009. Herpetofauna of Vietnam. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 768 pp.
  • Steindachner, F. 1867. In: Reise der Österreichischen Fregatte Novara um die Erde in den Jahren 1857, 1858,1859 unter den Befehlen des Commodore B. von Wüllerstorf-Urbair (Zoologie), Vol. 1, part 3 (Reptilien p.1-98). K. Gerold's Sohn/Kaiserlich-Königl. Hof- und Staatsdruckerei, Wien [1869 on title page] - get paper here
  • Stuart, B.; Sok, K. & Neang, T. 2006. A collection of amphibians and reptiles from hilly Eastern Cambodia. Raffl. Bull. Zool. 54 (1): 129-155
  • THY NEANG, L. LEE GRISMER & JENNIFER C. DALTRY 2012. A new species of kukri snake (Colubridae: Oligodon Fitzinger, 1826) from the Phnom Samkos Wildlife Sanctuary, Cardamom Mountains, southwest Cambodia. Zootaxa 3388: 41–55 - get paper here
  • VASSILIEVA, ANNA B.; PETER GEISSLER, EDUARD A. GALOYAN, NIKOLAY Jr A. POYARKOV, ROBERT WAYNE VAN DEV 2013. A new species of Kukri Snake (Oligodon Fitzinger, 1826; Squamata: Colubridae) from the Cat Tien National Park, southern Vietnam. Zootaxa 3702 (3): 233–246 - get paper here
 
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