Oligodon taeniatus (GÜNTHER, 1861)
|Higher Taxa||Colubridae, Colubrinae, Colubroidea, Serpentes (snakes)|
|Common Names||E: Striped Kukri Snake|
G: Gestreifte Kukrinatter
|Synonym||Simotes taeniatus GÜNTHER 1861: 267|
Simotes quadrilineatus JAN & SORDELLI 1865
Simotes quadrilineatus JAN 1866: 7 (fide SAINT-GIRONS 1972)
Simotes taeniatus — BOULENGER 1894: 227
Simotes taeniatus var. mouhoti BOULENGER 1914: 70 (fide SMITH 1943)
Holarchus taeniatus taeniatus — COCHRAN 1930
Oligodon taeniatus — SMITH 1943: 208
Oligodon quadrilineatus — SMITH 1943: 210
Oligodon quadrilineatus — TAYLOR 1965
Oligodon taeniatus — MANTHEY & GROSSMANN 1997: 372
Oligodon taeniatus — COX et al. 1998: 61
Oligodon quadrilineatus — ZUG et al. 1998
Oligodon quadrilineatus — CHAN-ARD et al. 1999: 176
Oligodon taeniatus — CHAN-ARD et al. 1999: 34
Oligodon taeniatus — GREEN et al. 2010
|Distribution||Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, S Vietnam, China (Yunnan ?)|
quadrilineatus: Myanmar etc.
Type locality: Cambodia Map legend:
- Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.
NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
|Types||Holotype. BMNH 1918.104.22.168 (male). Collected by Henri Mouhot.|
Holotype (quadrilineatus): MNHN; note that the neotypes were designated erroneously by DAVID et al. 2008, see DAVID et al. 2011.
|Comment||Similar species: Note that specimens of this species may have been confused with O. mouhoti, O. deuvei, O. pseudotaeniatus, or O. theobaldi.|
Diagnosis. A species of the genus Oligodon characterized by: (1) a large size for the O. taeniatus-group, up to about 450 mm in total length; (2) deeply forked hemipenes, not spinose but fitted with two large papillae; (3) 19 dorsal scale rows at midbody, 15 before vent; (4) 14–17 maxillary teeth, the last two strongly enlarged; (5) head scalation complete, rarely including a presubocular; (6) 8 supralabials; (7) anal plate single; (8) the presence of two dark longitudinal paravertebral stripes edging a pale (yellow in life) vertebral stripe, and two narrower dorsolateral stripes; (9) five main, well defined blotches on upper head surface: one anterior transverse marking across the snout; one longitudinal blotch on the frontal; two temporal oblique bars, directed posteriorly downwards; and one large, arrow-shaped nuchal blotch; and (10) bases of the oblique central streaks often (about 50 % of the examined specimens) reach the ventral scales at least on one side. Oligodon taeniatus differs from all other species of the taeniatus-group by the combination of (1) 19 scale rows at midbody and (2) a pattern made of one vertebral stripe edged with two paravertebral stripes, plus one dorsolateral stripe on each side. This pattern is constant in all examined specimens.
Distribution: records from Yunnan may be erroneous (JIANG et al 2012, Zhang et al. 2011) and actually represent O. cinereus.