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Oligodon taeniatus (GÜNTHER, 1861)

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Higher TaxaColubridae, Colubrinae, Colubroidea, Serpentes (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Striped Kukri Snake
G: Gestreifte Kukrinatter 
SynonymSimotes taeniatus GÜNTHER 1861: 267
Simotes quadrilineatus JAN & SORDELLI 1865
Simotes quadrilineatus JAN 1866: 7 (fide SAINT-GIRONS 1972)
Simotes taeniatus — BOULENGER 1894: 227
Simotes taeniatus var. mouhoti BOULENGER 1914: 70 (fide SMITH 1943)
Holarchus taeniatus taeniatus — COCHRAN 1930
Oligodon taeniatus — SMITH 1943: 208
Oligodon quadrilineatus — SMITH 1943: 210
Oligodon quadrilineatus — TAYLOR 1965
Oligodon taeniatus — MANTHEY & GROSSMANN 1997: 372
Oligodon taeniatus — COX et al. 1998: 61
Oligodon quadrilineatus — ZUG et al. 1998
Oligodon quadrilineatus — CHAN-ARD et al. 1999: 176
Oligodon taeniatus — CHAN-ARD et al. 1999: 34
Oligodon taeniatus — GREEN et al. 2010 
DistributionThailand, Laos, Cambodia, S Vietnam, China (Yunnan ?)

quadrilineatus: Myanmar etc.

Type locality: Cambodia Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
TypesHolotype. BMNH 1946.1.3.27 (male). Collected by Henri Mouhot.
Holotype (quadrilineatus): MNHN; note that the neotypes were designated erroneously by DAVID et al. 2008, see DAVID et al. 2011. 
CommentSimilar species: Note that specimens of this species may have been confused with O. mouhoti, O. deuvei, O. pseudotaeniatus, or O. theobaldi.

Diagnosis. A species of the genus Oligodon characterized by: (1) a large size for the O. taeniatus-group, up to about 450 mm in total length; (2) deeply forked hemipenes, not spinose but fitted with two large papillae; (3) 19 dorsal scale rows at midbody, 15 before vent; (4) 14–17 maxillary teeth, the last two strongly enlarged; (5) head scalation complete, rarely including a presubocular; (6) 8 supralabials; (7) anal plate single; (8) the presence of two dark longitudinal paravertebral stripes edging a pale (yellow in life) vertebral stripe, and two narrower dorsolateral stripes; (9) five main, well defined blotches on upper head surface: one anterior transverse marking across the snout; one longitudinal blotch on the frontal; two temporal oblique bars, directed posteriorly downwards; and one large, arrow-shaped nuchal blotch; and (10) bases of the oblique central streaks often (about 50 % of the examined specimens) reach the ventral scales at least on one side. Oligodon taeniatus differs from all other species of the taeniatus-group by the combination of (1) 19 scale rows at midbody and (2) a pattern made of one vertebral stripe edged with two paravertebral stripes, plus one dorsolateral stripe on each side. This pattern is constant in all examined specimens.

Distribution: records from Yunnan may be erroneous (JIANG et al 2012, Zhang et al. 2011) and actually represent O. cinereus. 
References
  • Barbour, Thomas 1909. Notes on Amphibia and Reptilia from Eastern Asia. Proc. New England zool. Club 4: 53-78, 2 plates - get paper here
  • Boulenger, George A. 1894. Catalogue of the Snakes in the British Museum (Natural History). Volume II., Containing the Conclusion of the Colubridæ Aglyphæ. British Mus. (Nat. Hist.), London, xi, 382 pp. - get paper here
  • Boulenger,G.A. 1914. Descriptions of new reptiles from Siam. J. Nat. Hist. Soc. Siam 1: 67-76
  • Campides-Main, Simon M. 1969. The status of Oligodon taeniatus (Günther), 1861, and Oligodon mouhoti (Boulenger), 1914 (Serpentes, Colubridae) Herpetologica 25 (4): 295-299 - get paper here
  • Chan-ard,T.; Grossmann,W.; Gumprecht,A. & Schulz,K. D. 1999. Amphibians and reptiles of peninsular Malaysia and Thailand - an illustrated checklist [bilingual English and German]. Bushmaster Publications, Würselen, Gemany, 240 pp. [book review in Russ. J Herp. 7: 87] - get paper here
  • Cox, Merel J.; Van Dijk, Peter Paul; Jarujin Nabhitabhata & Thirakhupt,Kumthorn 1998. A Photographic Guide to Snakes and Other Reptiles of Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore and Thailand. Ralph Curtis Publishing, 144 pp.
  • David, P.; Vogel, G. & van Rooijen, J. 2008. A revision of the Oligodon taeniatus (Günther, 1861) group (Squamata: Colubridae) , with the description of three new species from the Indochinese Region. Zootaxa 1965: 1–49 - get paper here
  • DAVID, PATRICK; GERNOT VOGEL, JOHAN VAN ROOIJEN 2011. The name-bearing type of Oligodon quadrilineatus (Jan & Sordelli, 1865) (Squamata: Colubridae). Zootaxa 3111: 67–68 - get paper here
  • Green, Marc D.; Nikolai L. Orlov and Robert W. Murphy 2010. Toward a Phylogeny of the Kukri Snakes, Genus Oligodon. Asian Herpetological Research 1 (1): 1-21 - get paper here
  • Günther, A. 1861. Second list of Siamese reptiles. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1861: 187-189 - get paper here
  • Günther, A. 1861. Second list of Siamese reptiles. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (3) 8: 266-268 - get paper here
  • HARTMANN, Timo; Flora IHLOW, Sarah EDWARDS, SOVATH Sothanin, Markus HANDSCHUH and Wolfgang BÖHME 2013. A Preliminary Annotated Checklist of the Amphibians and Reptiles of the Kulen Promtep Wildlife Sanctuary in Northern Cambodia Asian Herpetological Research 4(1): 36–55 - get paper here
  • Jan, G. 1865. Iconographie générale des ophidiens. 12. Livraison. J.B. Bailière et Fils, Paris - get paper here
  • Jan, G. 1866. Nouv. Arch. Mus. Paris ii: 7 - get paper here
  • JIANG, Ke; Tianbo CHEN, Patrick DAVID, Gernot VOGEL, Mian HOU, Zhiyong YUAN, Yuanjun MENG and Jing C 2012. On the Occurrence of Oligodon joynsoni (Smith, 1917) in China (Squamata: Colubridae). Asian Herpetological Research 3(4): 316–321 - get paper here
  • Karns, D.R.; Murphy, J.C.; Voris, H.K. & Suddeth, J.S. 2005. Comparison of Semi-aquatic Snake Communities Associated with the Khorat Basin, Thailand. The Natural History Journal of Chulalongkorn University 5(2): 73-90
  • Manthey, U. & Grossmann, W. 1997. Amphibien & Reptilien Südostasiens. Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 512 pp. - get paper here
  • Saint-Girons, H. 1972. Les Serpents du Cambodge. Mémoires du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Série A, Zoologie 74: 1-170
  • Sang, Nguyen Van; Ho Thu Cuc, Nguyen, Quang Truong 2009. Herpetofauna of Vietnam. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 768 pp.
  • Smith, M.A. 1943. The Fauna of British India, Ceylon and Burma, Including the Whole of the Indo-Chinese Sub-Region. Reptilia and Amphibia. 3 (Serpentes). Taylor and Francis, London. 583 pp.
  • Taylor,E.H. 1965. The serpents of Thailand and adjacent waters. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 45 (9): 609-1096 - get paper here
  • Teynié, Alexandre and Patrick David. 2007. Additions to the snake fauna of southern Laos, with the second Laotian specimen of Naja siamensis (Laurenti, 1768) and the forst country record of Oligodon taeniatus (Günther, 1861) (Squamata, Serpentes). Russian Journal of Herpetology 14 (1):39-44 - get paper here
  • THY NEANG, L. LEE GRISMER & JENNIFER C. DALTRY 2012. A new species of kukri snake (Colubridae: Oligodon Fitzinger, 1826) from the Phnom Samkos Wildlife Sanctuary, Cardamom Mountains, southwest Cambodia. Zootaxa 3388: 41–55 - get paper here
  • VASSILIEVA, ANNA B.; PETER GEISSLER, EDUARD A. GALOYAN, NIKOLAY Jr A. POYARKOV, ROBERT WAYNE VAN DEV 2013. A new species of Kukri Snake (Oligodon Fitzinger, 1826; Squamata: Colubridae) from the Cat Tien National Park, southern Vietnam. Zootaxa 3702 (3): 233–246 - get paper here
  • Voris, H.K. 2006. Assessment of Biodiversity among Southeast Asian Amphibians and Reptiles. The Natural History Journal of Chulalongkorn University 6(1): 1-10
  • ZIEGLER, THOMAS; RALF HENDRIX, VU NGOC THANH, MARTINA VOGT, BERNHARD FORSTER & DANG NGOC KIEN 2007. The diversity of a snake community in a karst forest ecosystem in the central Truong Son, Vietnam, with an identification key. Zootaxa 1493: 1-40 - get paper here
  • Zug, George R.;Win, Htun;Thin, Thin;Min, Than Zaw;Lhon, Win Zaw;Kyaw, Kyaw 1998. Herpetofauna of the Chatthin Wildlife Sanctuary, north-central Myanmar with preliminary observations of their Natural History Hamadryad 23 (2): 111-120 - get paper here
 
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